Fort Mill, South Carolina

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Fort Mill, South Carolina
Town of Fort Mill
Fort Mill Historic District
Fort Mill Historic District
Location of Fort Mill in the state of South Carolina.
Location of Fort Mill in the state of South Carolina.
Coordinates: 35°0′N 80°57′W / 35.000°N 80.950°W / 35.000; -80.950Coordinates: 35°0′N 80°57′W / 35.000°N 80.950°W / 35.000; -80.950
CountryUnited States
StateSouth Carolina
CountiesYork
Established1873[1]
Government
 • TypeMayor-council
 • MayorGuynn Savage, since 1/2016
Area
 • Town19.90 sq mi (51.55 km2)
 • Land19.64 sq mi (50.87 km2)
 • Water0.26 sq mi (0.68 km2)
Elevation623 ft (190 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Town10,811
 • Estimate 
(2019)[4]
22,284
 • Density1,134.62/sq mi (438.08/km2)
 • Urban
36,119
Time zoneUTC−5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
ZIP codes
29715, 29716, 29708
Area code(s)803, 839
FIPS code45-26890[5]
GNIS feature ID1247805[3]
Websitefortmillsc.gov

Fort Mill, also known as Fort Mill Township, is a town in York County, South Carolina, United States. It is a suburb of Charlotte, North Carolina. As of 2019, approximately 22,284 people live inside the town's corporate limits.[6] Some businesses and residents in the Indian Land community of neighboring Lancaster County share a Fort Mill mailing address, but the official town boundary extends only within York County.

The Fort Mill area is home to notable businesses such as the headquarters of Carolina Crown Drum and Bugle Corps (who were DCI World Champions in 2013), LPL Financial,[7] Continental Tire the Americas (Lancaster County), LLC., CompuCom Systems, Diversey, Inc., Sunbelt Rentals, Domtar, Springs Industries, AECOM (Lancaster County), Shutterfly,[8] Red Ventures (Lancaster County), Daimler Trucks North America, and Puckerbutt Pepper Company, known for originally producing the Carolina Reaper.[9]

History[edit]

The town of Fort Mill was established in 1873, getting its name from its location between two points, the first, a fort constructed by British in colonial times to protect the Catawba Indians from marauding tribes to the north, and the second point of Webb's Mill.[10] The Catawba Indians made their home in present-day Fort Mill for many years. Scots-Irish settlers began arriving in the 1750s and 1760s and a small settlement soon developed. Fort Mill grew rapidly in the late 19th century as textile mills were established. After many textile mill shut-downs the town continued to grow rapidly and became a major suburb of Charlotte.

Highlights in Fort Mill's history include:

  • In the mid-18th century, Thomas Spratt and his wife Elizabeth were traveling through upper South Carolina in their wagon. They spent a night among the friendly Catawba Indians and were invited to stay and live in the area on a large tract of land given to them. They became the first white settlers in the Fort Mill area and their descendants still reside there. Their descendant, John Spratt, represented the area in the U.S. House of Representatives from 1983 to 2011.
  • The town of Fort Mill was the site of the last Confederate Government Cabinet meeting (1865).[1] Jefferson Davis and the Confederate Cabinet passed through the area during their flight from Richmond in 1865. The last meeting of the full Confederate Cabinet was held at the White Homestead in Fort Mill. Fort Mill's Confederate Park contains the nation's only monument to slaves laboring on the Confederate side of the American Civil War.
  • In the 1970s and 1980s, Fort Mill was the home to TV evangelist Jim Bakker's now defunct Heritage USA (now reopened as Heritage International Ministries).

The Banks-Mack House, Fort Mill Downtown Historic District, Mack-Belk House, Mills House, Nation Ford Road, National Guard Armory, Spratt Cemetery, Springfield Plantation House, Thornwell-Elliott House, Unity Presbyterian Church Complex, John M. White House, William Elliott White House, and Wilson House are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.[11]

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 4.6 square miles (12 square kilometres), of which 4.6 square miles (12 square kilometres) is land and 0.1 square miles (0.26 square kilometres) (1.30%) is water. Interstate 77 passes through the western portions of the town, and exit 85 is signed "South Carolina Highway 160/Fort Mill." SC 160 is the main east–west street in Fort Mill.

The town of Fort Mill held a final public hearing in October 2008 on a proposed annexation that doubled the town's physical size.[12] Fort Mill has three golf courses. The town also maintains six parks: Harris Street Park, Steele Street Park, Doby Bridge Park, Calhoun Street Park, Veterans Park and Walter Elisha Park. Three of the six parks have picnic shelters, children's playgrounds, and restrooms. Doby Bridge and Harris Street Parks have lighted baseball fields, with Steele Street and Harris Street Parks having basketball courts, and Steele Street Park having a small water park.[1] The town also maintains a banquet hall rentable through the parks and recreation department.

Climate[edit]

Fort Mill is located in a humid subtropical climate, Cfa in the Köppen climate classification. This means that the city experiences four distinct seasons, although the variation between the seasons is not as pronounced as in other parts of the United States. Generally, daytime maximum temperatures in the summer are around 90 °F (32 °C), with nighttime low temperatures of approximately 70 °F (21 °C). In winter, daytime maxima average around 50 °F (10 °C) while nighttime low temperatures are near 30 °F (−1 °C). Occasional readings as high as 105 °F (41 °C) are seen, reaching a high of 108 °F (42 °C) in 2007 or as low as −5 °F (−21 °C) in 1989. Summers are generally humid and prone to thunderstorms, while winters are rainy with sleet and occasional snow. Snow might fall during the winter but usually does not accumulate or persist as ground cover. Fort Mill experiences rainfall related to tropical cyclones but is generally too far inland to experience damaging winds. Fort Mill has not had any direct hits from any tropical systems since 1989, when Hurricane Hugo devastated the area.

The most common soil in Fort Mill is Cecil series.[13]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880290
1890689137.6%
19001,394102.3%
19101,61615.9%
19201,94020.0%
19302,1128.9%
19402,91938.2%
19503,2049.8%
19603,3153.5%
19704,50535.9%
19804,162−7.6%
19904,93018.5%
20007,58753.9%
201010,81142.5%
202024,521126.8%
U.S. Decennial Census[14]

2020 census[edit]

Fort Mill racial composition[15]
Race Num. Perc.
White (non-Hispanic) 17,210 70.18%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic) 2,965 12.09%
Native American 81 0.33%
Asian 1,294 5.28%
Pacific Islander 4 0.02%
Other/Mixed 1,296 5.29%
Hispanic or Latino 1,671 6.81%

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 24,521 people, 6,130 households, and 4,854 families residing in the town.

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[5] of 2010, there were 10,811 people, 4,168 households, and 2,184 families residing in the town. The population density was 661.6 people per square mile. There were 4,479 housing units at an average density of 676.9 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 77.6% White, 17.6% African American, 0.4% Native American, 1.3% Asian, and 2.1% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.9% of the population.

There were 2,890 households, out of which 43.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.2% were married couples living together, 17.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.4% were non-families. 21.8% of all households were made up of individuals, and 8.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.67 and the average family size was 3.14.

In the town, the population was spread out, with 31.1% under the age of 18, 6.1% from 18 to 24, 32.4% from 25 to 44, 20.0% from 45 to 64, and 11.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33.7 years. For every 100 females, there were 86.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 79.0 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $68,250, and the median income for a family was $79,495. Males had a median income of $58,986 versus $40,819 for females. The per capita income for the town was $36,548. About 7.2% of families and 9.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.6% of those under age 18 and 8.1% of those age 65 or over.

Arts and culture[edit]

Fort Mill is home to numerous attractions and, while a growing town, it has access to many amenities outside its jurisdiction in the nearby cities of Charlotte and Rock Hill.

  • Narroway Productions is Christian entertainment offering live theatre and dinner.
  • A portion of Cedar Fair's Carowinds amusement park is located in Fort Mill.
  • Upper Room Chapel is a replica of Jerusalem's Upper Room where the Last Supper was held.
  • Historic Downtown Fort Mill is the location of Confederate Park, Memorial Park, and several retail shops. The Fort Mill Times (ceased publication 2020) and Fort Mill Magazine are also located on Main Street. One of the Confederate monuments in Confederate Park is the loyal slaves monument, dedicated to the proposition that slaves were loyal and gladly helpful to the Confederacy.

Fort Mill is also known for its peach orchards and the Anne Springs Close Greenway, an extensive nature preserve consisting of approximately 2,300 acres (9.3 km2) of lakes, forests, and pastures that provide trails for hiking, biking, and horseback riding.

Sports[edit]

Fort Mill is the Home of the PrimeTime Players, a Minor League Basketball Franchise who currently plays in the East Coast Basketball League . The PrimeTime Players are four-time Minor League champions, having won Championships in the TRBL 2012-2014 and the ECBL in 2015. The PrimeTime Players play their home games at Banks Street Gym at 490 Academy Street.

Fort Mill is also home to Carolina Crown, a competitive drum and bugle corps. As a member of Drum Corps International (DCI), Crown won one World Class championship (2013), won the silver medal three times, (2009, 2012, 2015) the bronze medal twice (2016, 2017), and one Division II championship (1993).

Government[edit]

The government of Fort Mill takes place within the framework of a Council-Manager Form. Currently, the town council of Fort Mill consists of six board members, two of whom serve from at-large districts, while the remainder of the council represent each of four wards. Elections are held in accordance with United States election regulations every two years, and council members serve staggered four year terms.[1] The town council meets the second Monday of each month. The town of Fort Mill currently has four boards and commissions. These are the Zoning Board of Appeals, the Planning Commission, the Historical Review Board, and the Housing Authority Board. Members of boards and commissions are appointed on a volunteer basis.

The current mayor is Guynn Savage, who was sworn on January 12, 2016.[16]

Fort Mill is currently represented by the following legislators:[1]

Fort Mill and northern portions of its township are represented in the South Carolina House by R. Raye Felder (R) as part of South Carolina House District 26.[1]

Education[edit]

Fort Mill is the primary community within the Fort Mill School District, which also serves children from the nearby community of Tega Cay.

Fort Mill has a public library, a branch of the York County Library.[17]

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f "Town of Fort Mill official website, accessed September 27, 2007". fortmillsc.org. Archived from the original on 27 August 2007. Retrieved 3 April 2018.
  2. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on January 16, 2020. Retrieved July 29, 2020.
  3. ^ a b U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Fort Mill, South Carolina
  4. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Archived from the original on April 21, 2019. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  5. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 1996-12-27. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  6. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Archived from the original on April 21, 2019. Retrieved May 21, 2020.
  7. ^ "LPL Financial breaks ground on Fort Mill, SC, headquarters" Archived 2017-04-16 at the Wayback Machine Charlotte Observer. Retrieved April 16, 2017
  8. ^ "Shutterfly Expands East Coast Manufacturing" Archived 2017-04-16 at the Wayback Machine AreaDevelopment.com, Retrieved April 16, 2017
  9. ^ "Puckerbutt Pepper Company Makes World's Hottest Peppers And Sauces" Archived 2020-11-09 at the Wayback Machine CNBC. Retrieved December 11, 2020
  10. ^ Bradley, Francis (31 August 1958). "Palmetto Place Names" (PDF). The State. Archived (PDF) from the original on 18 February 2018. Retrieved 17 February 2018.
  11. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. July 9, 2010.
  12. ^ Allen, Jonathan. "Fort Mill 11 #5". The Herald. The Herald. Archived from the original on 15 January 2017. Retrieved 17 June 2016.
  13. ^ "SoilWeb". Archived from the original on 2013-05-14. Retrieved 2016-07-12.
  14. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on April 26, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  15. ^ "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Archived from the original on 2021-12-15. Retrieved 2021-12-15.
  16. ^ Marks, John. "Savage sworn in as Fort Mill's new mayor". Herald Online. The Herald. Archived from the original on 29 January 2016. Retrieved 22 January 2016.
  17. ^ "South Carolina libraries and archives". SCIWAY. Archived from the original on 7 June 2019. Retrieved 13 June 2019.
  18. ^ Bollinger, Cristina (May 2, 2019). "Miss North Carolina USA, a Charlotte lawyer, takes the crown. She's the new Miss USA". News Observer. Archived from the original on May 3, 2019. Retrieved May 3, 2019.
  19. ^ Vargas, Claudia (2012-03-09). "Current and former S.J. politicos attend funeral of former Camden Mayor Randy Primas". Philadelphia Inquirer (Camden Flow). Archived from the original on 2012-11-23. Retrieved 2012-03-11.
  20. ^ Noden, Merrell (July 6, 1992). "Great Expectations: Melvin Stewart's Journey From the World of the PTL Ministry to his Life as the World's Best Butterflyer Has Been Well, Dickensian" Archived 2021-07-20 at the Wayback Machine. Sports Illustrated. Retrieved July 20, 2021.
  21. ^ "Where Are They Now?: Mel Stewart" Archived 2021-07-20 at the Wayback Machine. Charlotte Magazine. July 20, 2010. Retrieved July 20, 2021.

External links[edit]