Fort Montluc, also known as Fort de Villeurbanne, is a fort located in the 3rd arrondissement of Lyon. The fort was built in 1831 as part of the Ceintures de Lyon, which were a series of fortifications surrounding Lyon. It is currently used as a metropolitan police station.
Fort Montluc was built between 1831 and 1835 and was part of a system of fortifications to protect Lyon from possible enemy attack. The trapezoidal shape and two outward-facing bastions were designed to protect the suburb of Guillotière. It was surrounded by water similar to the Fort des Brotteaux and was accessible by a wooden bridge. The interior included a large two-storey cavalier which, could hold 600 soldiers. The fort later served as a garrison.
At the end of the 19th century, the glacis surrounding the fort were occupied by French military, and have since been replaced by a garden square. The fort was owned by the Minister of the Interior from 1969 to 2007, after which it has been used as a metropolitan police station.
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- Lyon Military Museum article about the fort (in French)