Fort Pierce, Florida
|City of Fort Pierce|
|Nickname(s): Sunrise City|
Location in St. Lucie County and the state of Florida
|• Mayor||Linda Hudson|
|• Total||29.27 sq mi (75.80 km2)|
|• Land||23.32 sq mi (60.40 km2)|
|• Water||5.95 sq mi (15.40 km2)|
|Elevation||16 ft (5 m)|
|• Estimate (2016)||45,295|
|• Density||1,942.16/sq mi (749.86/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-5 (Eastern (EST))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-4 (EDT)|
|GNIS feature ID||0307964|
Fort Pierce is a city in and the county seat of St. Lucie County, Florida, United States. The city is part of the Treasure Coast region of Atlantic Coast Florida. It is also known as the Sunrise City, sister to San Francisco, California, the Sunset City. The population was 41,590 at the 2010 census. As of 2012, the population recorded by the U.S. Census Bureau was 42,645. It was named after the Fort Pierce Army post which was built nearby in 1838 during the Second Seminole War. The military post had been named for Benjamin Kendrick Pierce, a career United States Army officer and the brother of President Franklin Pierce.
Fort Pierce was awarded the 2005 City of Excellence Award by the Florida League of Cities for overall excellence in city government and in 2011, Main Street Fort Pierce, Inc. received the Great American Main Street Award from the National Trust for Historic Preservation in downtown.
Fort Pierce is located at (27.438817, -80.335471).
According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 20.8 mi² (53.8 km²), of which 14.7 square miles (38.2 km²) is land and 6.0 square miles (15.6 km²) of it (35.00%) is water.
Shore Protection project
According to the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, The Fort Pierce Beach Shore Protection project includes 1.3 miles of shore line running from immediately south of the Fort Pierce Inlet southward to Surfside Park. The project is on a two-year renourishment cycle due to impacts to the beach from the federal navigation project at Fort Pierce Inlet. This two-year renourishment cycle is a much shorter renourishment interval than what is typical for other projects along the east coast of Florida.
The initial construction of the project occurred in 1971 and the ninth nourishment was completed in May 2013. Completion of plans and specifications, advertisement and award for the 10th renourishment contract were completed in FY 2014. The project was scheduled to start mid-February 2015. Sand for the project is dredged from an approved offshore borrow area known as the Capron Shoal and then pumped via a pipeline onto the 1.3 miles of beach south of the Fort Pierce Inlet. The sponsor, St. Lucie County, is preparing a General Reevaluation Report (GRR) for the project at their own expense that will evaluate extending Federal participation for an additional 50 years. Current Federal participation expires in 2020.
The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers estimates the total cost of the project to be $75.9 million, with an estimated U.S. Federal Government share of $46.4 million. No funding for the project was requested by the U.S. President from the U.S. Congress in Fiscal Year 2016.
The Experimental Oculina Research Reserve preserves the Oculina Banks, a reef of ivory bush coral (Oculina varicosa) off the coast of Fort Pierce, Florida. In 1984, a 92 square-nautical-mile (316 km²) portion of these reefs was designated the "Oculina Habitat Area of Particular Concern". In 1994, the area was closed to all manner of bottom fishing and was redesignated as a research reserve. In 2000, the marine protected area was expanded to 300 square nautical miles (1,030 km²) and prohibited all gears that caused mechanical disruption to the habitat. The city is also known for its large manatee population.
Due to the devastation caused at the Fort Pierce City Marina by hurricanes Frances and Jeanne in 2004, FEMA mandated a plan to ensure that the rebuilt facility would be protected from future such events before FEMA would release funding for the repairs. Starting in 2012, construction began to create 12 artificial barrier islands including oyster beds, lime rock artificial reefs, mangrove fringes and coastal dune. The "core" of the islands was constructed of TITANTubes, sometimes referred to as geotextile tubes or geotubes, manufactured by Flint Industries and covered by a coastal marine mattress and then armor stone. The project was completed in 2013 after six years of planning, permitting and construction and a cost of $18 million.
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the census of 2010, there were 41,910 people, 15,170 households, and 9,418 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,021.9 people per square mile (982.7/km²). There were 17,170 housing units at an average density of 1,164.7/sq mi (449.8/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 40.9% African American, 45.3% White, 0.6% Native American, 0.9% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, and 2.7% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino were 21.6% of the population.
There were 15,170 households out of which 32.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 37.3% were married couples living together, 19.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.9% were non-families. 32.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.73 and the average family size was 3.50.
In the city, the population was spread out with 25.9% under the age of 18, 7.0% from 20 to 24, 13.3% from 25 to 34, 13.0% from 45 to 54, 9.8% from 55 to 64 and 6.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35.2 years. For every 100 females, there were 97.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.9 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $30,869, and the median income for a family was $36,337. Males had a median income of $32,412 versus $26,349 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,782. 30.2% of the population were below the poverty line.
The city of Fort Pierce has a council–manager government form of local government. The offices of commissioner and mayor are nonpartisan, and have a term of four years.
The climate of Ft. Pierce is generally a humid subtropical climate, although it closely borders a tropical savanna climate. Summertime temperatures range between 80 and 100 degrees F. Temperatures in the winter range between 55 and 80 degrees F, although some winter days can drop down below 40 degrees, but rarely fall below freezing.
|Climate data for Fort Pierce (1981-2010)|
|Average high °F (°C)||72.1
|Average low °F (°C)||51.9
|Average precipitation inches (mm)||2.35
|Source: National Weather Service |
Fort Pierce is located on U.S. Route 1, near its intersection with Florida Route 70. Interstate Route 95 and Florida's Turnpike are nearby, at the west edge of town. The Intracoastal Waterway passes through the city. The nearest airport with scheduled passenger service is in Melbourne; the closest major airport is in West Palm Beach.
Fort Pierce is served by the St. Lucie Transportation Planning Organization (TPO). The TPO is a Metropolitan Planning Organization (MPO), a federally mandated and federally funded transportation policy-making organization responsible for transportation planning, programming, and financing of State and Federal transportation funds for the City of Fort Pierce. The TPO is governed by a TPO Board, which is composed of elected officials, representatives from the St. Lucie County School Board, and representatives from Community Transit, a division of The Council on Aging of St. Lucie, Inc. The original bus system started as a demand response service bus in the 1990s; it only served St. Lucie County. Soon it expanded to a fixed route system, going to predetermined locations along a route. On June 3, 2002, the Florida Department of Transportation (FDOT) approved funding, expanding the bus service to Martin County, and it became the Treasure Coast Connector.
Amtrak and the Florida East Coast Railway have been planning to make stations along Florida's East Coast. The latter operations would be part of the second phase of the private higher speed Brightline project. The cities cited by Amtrak and the Florida Department of Transportation include: Stuart, Fort Pierce, Vero Beach, Melbourne, Titusville, Cocoa, Daytona Beach and St. Augustine, Florida. In 2018 Brightline announced that it was looking at downtown properties for a site for a new station for the Brightline train between Fort Pierce and Miami. Ultimately, the northwestern terminus would be Orlando, with service beginning in 2021.  
Fort Pierce Harbor
According to the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, an average of 350,000 tons of waterborne commerce moves through Fort Pierce Harbor annually. Major commodities which are dependent on the port include citrus exports, cement and aragonite imports. The last navigation improvements at Fort Pierce were authorized by the U.S. Congress in the Water Resources Development Act of 1988 dated November 17, 1988 and construction was completed in August 1996. The existing entrance channel is 400 feet wide and 30 feet deep, the interior channel is 250 feet wide and 28 feet deep, the existing turning basin is 1,100 feet square and 28 feet deep, and the north access channel is located immediately north of the main turning basin is 1,250 feet long, 250 feet wide and 28 feet deep.
In late 2014 dredging efforts were completed in Fort Pierce Harbor. The dredging effort included both beach placement of beach quality sand on the beach immediately south of the Inlet as well as placement of non beach quality sand in the approved offshore disposal area.
Public high schools in the city include Fort Pierce Central High School, Fort Pierce Westwood High School and Lincoln Park Academy. Private schools include John Carroll Catholic High School and Faith Baptist School (Treasure Coast Baptist Academy) Private middle schools inside city limits include Saint Andrew's Academy and Saint Anastasia Middle School.
Indian River State College is also located in Fort Pierce.
- A.E. Backus Museum and Gallery
- Arcade Building
- Art Mundo at the Art Bank
- Boston House
- Dust Tracks of Zora Neale Hurston
- Harbor Branch Oceanographic Institute
- Heathcote Botanical Gardens
- Historic Main Street
- Florida Power and Light Energy Encounter
- Lincoln Park Main Street
- Old Fort Pierce City Hall
- Old Fort Park
- Manatee Center
- Navy UDT-SEAL Museum (Fort Pierce was the original home of the United States Navy SEALs)
- Smithsonian Marine Ecosystem Exhibit
- St. Lucie County Marine Center
- St. Lucie County Regional History Center
- Sunrise Theatre
- Rick Ankiel, Major League Baseball player
- A.E. "Beanie" Backus, artist and painter
- Kimberly Bergalis, victim of first known case of clinical transmission of HIV
- Edwin Binney, co-founder of Crayola Crayons
- Jeff Blackshear, NFL guard for the Seattle Seahawks, Baltimore Ravens, Kansas City Chiefs and Green Bay Packers
- Roslyn M. Brock, Chairman of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People
- Jamar Chaney, NFL linebacker 
- Yamon Figurs, NFL and CFL wide receiver
- Mark Foley, former U.S. Congressman
- Louise Gopher, the first Seminole woman to earn a bachelor's degree.
- Ted Hewitt, country music producer- produces Country Music artist Rodney Atkins
- John Houghtaling, creator of the Magic Fingers Vibrating Bed.
- Zora Neale Hurston, author best known for the novel Their Eyes Were Watching God
- Charles Johnson, MLB catcher for the Florida Marlins, Los Angeles Dodgers, Baltimore Orioles, Chicago White Sox, Colorado Rockies and Tampa Bay Devil Rays
- Ladislav Karabin, retired Czechoslovakian hockey player, who played for the Pittsburgh Penguins
- Khalil Mack, NFL linebacker
- Omar Mateen, perpetrator of the 2016 Orlando nightclub shooting
- Daniel T. McCarty, 31st Governor of Florida
- Terry McGriff, MLB catcher for the Cincinnati Reds, Houston Astros, Florida Marlins and St. Louis Cardinals
- Ryan McNeil, NFL defensive back
- Wonder Monds, NFL defensive back
- Michael P. Nash, Filmmaker
- Luther Robinson, NFL defensive end 
- Larry Sanders, Former National Basketball Association Player
- Jeff Schwarz, MLB pitcher for the Chicago White Sox and California Angels
- Gary Stewart, country singer
- Herbert Strong, professional golfer and golf course architect
- Allen R. Sturtevant, Associate Justice of the Vermont Supreme Court
- Matthew Underwood, actor best known for his role as Logan Reese on the Nickelodeon TV show Zoey 101
- LaDaris Vann, American player of gridiron football
- Bobby Hopkins, Played offensive lineman at Gardner Webb University and also in the USFL for Pittsburgh Maulers and the Tampa Bay Bandits. 15 time National Champion and 7 time World Champion Arm Wrestler. Also an actor.
- "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Jul 7, 2017.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2014-08-01.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- Jernigan, Meg. "Things to Do in Fort Pierce, Florida". USA Today. Retrieved 11 March 2017.
- "Fort Pierce (city) QuickFacts from the US Census Bureau". census.gov. Archived from the original on 18 November 2015. Retrieved 16 November 2015.
- Wilson, Jean Ellen (2014). Legendary Locals of Fort Pierce. Arcadia Publishing. p. 7. Retrieved September 17, 2014.
- "City of Fort Pierce".
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "U.S. Army Corps of Engineers -- Congressional Fact Sheet -- Fort Pierce Beach FL, Shore Protection Project" (PDF).
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- https://www.census.gov/quickfacts/table/PST045215/1224300. Missing or empty
- Data Access and Dissemination Systems (DADS). "American FactFinder - Results". census.gov. Archived from the original on 15 August 2014. Retrieved 16 November 2015.
- "NOWData - NOAA Online Weather Data". NOAA. Retrieved 10 March 2016.
- Rand McNally Road Atlas, 2016.
- "Transportation Planning Organization - Homepage". Stlucietpo.org. 2011-02-02. Retrieved 2013-08-08.
- "Our Services > Transportation". COASL. Retrieved 2013-08-08.
- "Home". Treasure Coast Connector. Retrieved 2013-08-08.
- "Treasure Coast Connector: Services". treasurecoastconnector.com. Retrieved 16 November 2015.
- "Orlando Sun-Sentinel," Feb 22, 2013, Angel Streeter, "Amtrak still hopeful for service on FEC tracks" http://articles.sun-sentinel.com/2013-02-22/news/fl-amtrak-florida-east-coast-railroad-20130215_1_amtrak-service-fec-passenger-service
- Janny Rodriguez, WPTV September 6, 2018 "Brightline considers Fort Pierce train station," https://www.wptv.com/news/region-st-lucie-county/fort-pierce/brightlineconsiders-fort-pierce-train-station
- Keona Gardner, TC Palm, September 5, 2018 "Fort Pierce: Brightline wants to build station, hotel at H.D. King site downtown" https://www.tcpalm.com/story/news/local/shaping-our-future/all-aboard-florida/2018/09/05/brightline-interested-h-d-king-site-fort-pierce/1199122002/
- "U.S. Army Corps of Engineers -- Congressional Fact Sheet -- Fort Pierce Harbor" (PDF).
- "Art Mundo".
-  Archived August 1, 2015, at the Wayback Machine.
- "St. Lucie County". Archived from the original on 2013-10-04.
- "Main Street Fort Pierce". Retrieved 2013-08-08.
- "Fort Pierce Tourist Attractions". PlanetWare. Archived from the original on 2011-02-16. Retrieved 2013-08-08.
- "Manatee Observation and Education Center". Manateecenter.com. Retrieved 2013-08-08.
- "Smithsonian Marine Ecosystems Exhibit: Smithsonian Marine Station (SMS) at Fort Pierce". Sms.si.edu. 2007-02-06. Retrieved 2013-08-08.
- "St Lucie County Florida Online || St. Lucie County Marine Center". Stlucieco.gov. Archived from the original on 2013-08-09. Retrieved 2013-08-08.
- "St Lucie County Florida Online || Regional History Center". Stlucieco.gov. Retrieved 2013-08-08.
- "Sunrise Theatre".
- "Rick Ankiel Stats". Baseball Almanac. Retrieved December 10, 2012.
- "A.E. Backus Museum".
- "Edwin Binney" Retrieved on 2009-03-12
- "Jeffrey Leon Blackshear". Pro-Football-Reference.Com. Retrieved December 10, 2012.
- "Jeffrey Leon Blackshear". Pro-Football-Reference.Com. Retrieved December 10, 2012.
- "Yamon Figurs". Pro-Football-Reference.Com. Retrieved December 10, 2012.
- Bidney, Beverly (31 December 2014). "Louise Gopher bestowed with FSU honorary degree" (PDF). Seminole Tribune. Retrieved 23 May 2016.
- Fox, Margalit. "John Houghtaling, Inventor of Magic Fingers Vibrating Bed, Dies at 92", The New York Times, June 19, 2009. Accessed June 20, 2009.
- "Zora Neale Hurston".
- "Charles Johnson Stats". Baseball Almanac. Retrieved December 10, 2012.
- "Florida Governor Daniel Thomas McCarty". National Governors Association. Retrieved December 10, 2012.
- "Terry McGriff Stats". Baseball Almanac. Retrieved December 10, 2012.
- "Ryan Darrell McNeil". Pro-Football-Reference.Com. Retrieved December 10, 2012.
- "Wonder Monds". Pro-Football-Reference.Com. Retrieved 14 April 2014.
- "Luther Robinson". hurricanesports.com. Retrieved October 2, 2014.
- "Larry Sandersl". Basketball-Reference.Com. Retrieved December 10, 2012.
- "Jeff Schwarz Stats". Baseball Almanac. Retrieved December 10, 2012.
- Gary Stewart (singer)
- Graffis, Herb (October 1944). "Making The Swing" (PDF). Golfdom: 5–6.
- "Judge Sturtevant Dies in Florida". Burlington Free Press. Burlington, VT. September 17, 1966. p. 7 – via Newspapers.com. (Subscription required (help)).
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Fort Pierce, Florida.|
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Fort Pierce.|