Fort Rosecrans National Cemetery

Coordinates: 32°41′19″N 117°14′45″W / 32.68861°N 117.24583°W / 32.68861; -117.24583
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Fort Rosecrans National Cemetery
Fort rosecrans cemetery.jpg
Fort Rosecrans National Cemetery, with the aircraft carrier USS Midway (CV-41) in the background.
CountryUnited States
Coordinates32°41′19″N 117°14′45″W / 32.68861°N 117.24583°W / 32.68861; -117.24583
TypeUnited States National Cemetery
No. of interments>120,000
WebsiteFort Rosecrans National Cemetery
Find a GraveFort Rosecrans National Cemetery
FootnotesNationwide Gravesite Locator (USDVA)
Reference no.55
Reference no.19[1]
DesignatedMarch 8, 2016[2]
Reference no.16000054
A Seahawk flies past the cemetery.
Fort Rosecrans Cemetery, CA (2013) DSCN0452.JPG
Ft rosecrans entry plaque.jpg

Fort Rosecrans National Cemetery is a federal military cemetery in the city of San Diego, California. It is located on the grounds of the former Army coastal artillery station Fort Rosecrans and is administered by the United States Department of Veterans Affairs. The cemetery is located approximately 10 miles (16 km) west of Downtown San Diego, overlooking San Diego Bay and the city from one side, and the Pacific Ocean on the other. Fort Rosecrans is named after William Starke Rosecrans, a Union general in the American Civil War. The cemetery was registered as California Historical Landmark #55[3] on December 6, 1932. The cemetery is spread out over 77.5 acres (31.4 ha) located on both sides of Catalina Blvd.


Many Fort Rosecrans interments date to the early years of the California Republic, including the remains of the casualties of the Battle of San Pasqual, in which 19 of Brigadier General Stephen W. Kearny's men and an untold number of Californios lost their lives. Initially, the dead were buried where they fell, but by 1874 the remains had been removed to the San Diego Military Reservation. Eight years later, the bodies were again reinterred at what is now Fort Rosecrans National Cemetery. In 1922, the San Diego chapter of the Native Sons and Daughters of the Golden West had a large boulder brought from the battlefield and placed at the gravesite with a plaque affixed that lists the names of the dead.[4]

Another notable monument in Fort Rosecrans National Cemetery is the USS Bennington Monument which commemorates the deaths of 62 sailors in a boiler explosion aboard USS Bennington (PG-4). Bennington, which had just returned from maneuvers in the Pacific, was anchored in San Diego Harbor. On July 21, 1905, the crew was ordered to depart in search for USS Wyoming (BM-10), which had lost a propeller at sea. At approximately 10:30 a.m., an explosion in the boiler room ripped through the ship, killing or wounding the majority of the crew. Two days later the remains of soldiers and sailors were brought to the post cemetery and interred in an area known as Bennington Plot.[4]

At one time, the cemetery was called the Bennington Nation Cemetery, but in 1934 was named the Fort Rosecrans National Cemetery. Fort Rosecrans became a National Cemetery on October 5, 1934.[5] The decision to make the post cemetery part of the national system came, in part, due to changes in legislation that greatly increased the number of persons eligible for burial in a national cemetery. Grave space in San Francisco National Cemetery then grew increasingly limited.[6] In addition, southern California was experiencing a phenomenal population growth during this period, and there was a definitive need for more burial sites.[7]

All available space for casketed remains at Fort Rosecrans was exhausted in the late 1960s, but cremated remains continued to be accepted.[5] In the first decade of the 21st Century addition of extensive columbaria, in place of old chain-link fencing has allowed the interment of thousands of additional veterans there.[8]

In 1973, Fort Rosecrans National Cemetery was placed under the control of the Veterans Administration.[5] In May 2014, the cemetery had assigned all remaining spaces available; new burials will occur at Miramar National Cemetery.[9] It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2016.[2]

Today, the Fort Rosecrans Memorial Day celebration is the largest Memorial Day festivity in San Diego. The Fort Rosecrans Memorial Day Committee consists of war veterans' organizations, their auxiliaries, and patriotic groups.[5]

Monuments and memorials[edit]

Fort Rosecrans National Cemetery has several war memorials, including:

Battle off Samar[edit]

Several monuments have been erected in memory of the sailors lost in the Battle off Samar, October 25, 1944, a part of the Battle of Leyte Gulf (Philippines), and in subsequent battles of the Pacific:

Notable burials[edit]

Medal of Honor recipients[edit]

(Dates are of the actions for which they were awarded the Medal of Honor.)

Other burials[edit]


Burial in Fort Rosecrans National Cemetery was available for eligible veterans, their spouses and dependents at no cost to the family and includes the gravesite, grave-liner, opening and closing of the grave, a headstone or marker, and perpetual care as part of a national shrine. For veterans, benefits may also include a burial flag (with case for active duty), and military funeral honors. Family members and other loved ones of deceased veterans may request Presidential Memorial Certificates.

Veterans discharged from active duty under conditions other than dishonorable and servicemembers who die while on active duty, active duty for training, or inactive duty training, as well as spouses and dependent children of veterans and active duty servicemembers, may be eligible for VA burial and memorial benefits including burial in a national cemetery. The veteran does not have to die before the spouse or dependent child for that person to be eligible.

Reservists and National Guard members, as well as their spouses and dependent children, are eligible if they were entitled to retired pay at the time of death, or would have been upon reaching requisite age.

Burial of dependent children is limited to unmarried children under 21 years of age, or under 23 years of age if a full-time student at an approved educational institution. Unmarried adult children who become physically or mentally disabled and incapable of self-support before age 21, or age 23 if a full-time student, also are eligible for burial.

A Federal law passed in 2010 (Public Law 111-275) extends burial benefits to certain parents of servicemembers who die as a result of hostile activity or from combat training-related injuries who are buried in a national cemetery in a gravesite with available space. The biological or adopted parents of a servicemember who dies in combat or while performing training in preparation for a combat mission, leaving no surviving spouse or dependent child, may be buried with the deceased servicemember if the Secretary of Veterans Affairs determines that there is available space. The law applies to servicemembers who died on or after Oct. 7, 2001 and to parents who died on or after Oct. 13, 2010.


  1. ^ "Historical Landmarks Designated by the San Diego Historical Resources Board" (PDF). City of San Diego.
  2. ^ a b "Weekly list of actions, 3/7/16 through 3/11/16". National Park Service. Retrieved 2016-03-21.
  3. ^ "Fort Rosecrans National Cemetery". Office of Historic Preservation, California State Parks. Retrieved 2012-10-13.
  4. ^ a b Dean W. Holt (2009). American Military Cemeteries (2d ed.). McFarland. p. 128. ISBN 978-0-7864-5732-8.
  5. ^ a b c d "About Us". Archived from the original on 2013-08-31. Retrieved 2013-04-19.
  6. ^ Tucker, Jill (15 June 2014). "'Rest in peace' gets brief disruption in Presidio cemetery upgrade". SFGate. San Francisco. Retrieved 29 May 2018.
  7. ^ Steele, Jeanette (6 May 2014). "End of era at Fort Rosecrans". San Diego Union-Tribune. Retrieved 29 May 2018.
    Jennewien, Chris (6 May 2014). "Last Burial Space Claimed at Fort Rosecrans National Cemetery". Times of San Diego. Retrieved 29 May 2018.
    Clemente, Himphil S. (11 December 2006). Draft Environmental Impact Statement (DEIS), Fort Rosecrans National Cemetery Annex, MCAS Miramar, San Diego County, California (CEQ # 20060438) (PDF) (Report). Environmental Procection Agency. Retrieved 29 May 2018.
  8. ^ "Ft. Rosecrans Cemetery Finds More Room". KFMB-TV. San Diego. 2 January 2008. Retrieved 29 May 2018.
  9. ^ "Last space at Fort Rosecrans National Cemetery is claimed". KFMB. 7 May 2014. Retrieved 2 June 2015.
  10. ^ "JOHN DONALDSON WHITTET's Memorial".
  11. ^ California Tombstone Project
  12. ^ "THOMAS SHERMAN CROW's Memorial".
  13. ^ Thayer, Bill (February 22, 2017). "Thomas Ridgway in Biographical Register of the Officers and Graduates of the United States Military Academy, Volumes III-VIIII". Bill Thayer's Web Site. Chicago, IL: Bill Thayer. Retrieved February 27, 2022.
  14. ^ "U.S. National Cemetery Interment Control Forms, 1928–1962, Entry for Walter Cowen Short". Lehi, UT: LLC. March 13, 1952. Retrieved August 15, 2020.
  15. ^ CWGC: James Frederick Hynes
  16. ^ CWGC: Henry John Johnson

External links[edit]