Fort Schlosser

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Fort Schlosser
Niagara Falls, New York
Fort Schlosser.jpg
Remains of Fort Schlosser[1]
Coordinates43°4′39.14″N 79°00′56.02″W / 43.0775389°N 79.0155611°W / 43.0775389; -79.0155611Coordinates: 43°4′39.14″N 79°00′56.02″W / 43.0775389°N 79.0155611°W / 43.0775389; -79.0155611
TypeMilitary fortification
Site information
Controlled byGreat Britain 1760-1812
US Army 1812–1813
Site history
Built1760
In use1760-1813
Materialswood
Battles/warsWar of 1812
Garrison information
Past
commanders
Joseph Schlosser 1760-1764
GarrisonBritish Army, US Army

Fort Schlosser was a fortification built in Western New York in the United States around 1760 by British Colonial forces, in order to guard the upper entrance to the portage around Niagara Falls, near the Porter-Barton Dock.

The fort was named for its first commander, Captain Joseph Schlosser of the Royal American Regiment of Foot, a practice that was common in the British Army.

Facilities[edit]

The fort consisted of a wood stockade with several structures within:

Four cannons provided protection for the fort.

Replacement[edit]

The fort replaced Fort Petite Niagara, a small fortification built by the French which was burned by the retreating French prior to the Siege of Fort Niagara in 1759. The Old Stone Chimney from Fort Little Niagara was incorporated into Fort Schlosser. Fort Grey guarded the end of the portage in Lewiston, NY. Fort Niagara guards the mouth of the Niagara where it flows into Lake Ontario.

Fort Schlosser was occupied by American troops at the start of the War of 1812, but was captured in 1813 and burned. The fort was located in present-day Niagara Falls, New York in what is now Niagara County, New York, near the current water intakes for the New York Power Authority off of the Robert Moses Parkway. Today, all that remains is the Old Stone Chimney, which was moved to near the intersection of Buffalo Avenue and the Robert Moses Parkway traffic circle.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Lossing, Benson (1868). The Pictorial Field-Book of the War of 1812. Harper & Brothers, Publishers. p. 380.

External links[edit]