Fort Sekondi

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Fort Sekondi
Part of British Gold Coast
FortsSekondi.JPG
Fort Orange (left) and Fort Sekondi (right)
Fort Sekondi is located in Ghana
Fort Sekondi
Fort Sekondi
Coordinates 4°56′29″N 1°42′34″W / 4.9415°N 1.7095°W / 4.9415; -1.7095
Site history
Built 1682 (1682)
Garrison information
Occupants Britain (1682-1868)
Netherlands (1868-1872)

Fort Sekondi, also Fort George, was an English fort on the Gold Coast, built in 1682 at Sekondi (earlier Zakonde and Secondee)[1]:56, next to the Dutch Fort Orange, which was built in 1642. This first building was small, according to William Claridge, "[...] at Sekondi [...] Captain Henry Nurse, Agent for the English Company, also built a fort there a few years later. Both these buildings were of about the same size and only a gun-shot apart",[1] and, "The Dutch Fort Orange was a very small place, being merely a square white house in a yard, mounting eight or ten guns on a terrace on the roof. The first English fort had been a very similar building [...]".[1]:164 This fort was destroyed on 1 June 1698, during the Dutch-Komenda war, and reduced to blackened outer walls. Although denied by the Dutch, reports and letters sent at the time indicated that the Dutch instigated the attack and that some plundered goods were taken to Castle Orange next-door. Attempts were made to rebuild it in 1700, though these had to be abandoned due to hostility from the indigenous population.[1]:151-153

A new second fort had been built prior to 1726 as it was drawn by Smith (see picture top right), an African Company surveyor, and a floor plan given.[1]:152 In 1782 the fort was taken by the Dutch and destroyed, according to Claridge "The only success scored by the Dutch during this war was the capture of the English fort at Sekondi, which they completely destroyed."[1]:218

Though later transfers occurred, the fort was not rebuilt.[2] It was transferred to the Dutch in 1868 as part of the Anglo-Dutch Gold Coast Treaty, a large trade of forts between Britain and the Netherlands, and on 10 April 1872 the fort was transferred back to the United Kingdom as part of the Anglo-Dutch Treaties of 1870-1871.[1]:628-629

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g William Walton Claridge; Hugh Charles Clifford, Sir (1915). A history of the Gold Coast and Ashanti from the earliest times to the commencement of the twentieth century (Volume 1). J Murray. p. 122. Archived from the original on 17 March 2010. Retrieved 24 September 2012. 
  2. ^ William Walton Claridge; Hugh Charles Clifford, Sir (1915). "Appendix F". A history of the Gold Coast and Ashanti from the earliest times to the commencement of the twentieth century (Volume 2). J Murray. p. 601. Archived from the original on 17 March 2010. Retrieved 24 September 2012.