Fort Simpson Formation

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Fort Simpson Formation
Stratigraphic range: Late Devonian
Type Geological formation
Underlies Jean Marie Member of the Redknife Formation
Overlies Muskwa Member of the Horn River Formation
Thickness up to 1,000 metres (3,280 ft)[1]
Lithology
Primary Shale
Location
Coordinates 61°07′30″N 120°22′30″W / 61.12500°N 120.37500°W / 61.12500; -120.37500 (Briggs Turkey Lake No. 1)Coordinates: 61°07′30″N 120°22′30″W / 61.12500°N 120.37500°W / 61.12500; -120.37500 (Briggs Turkey Lake No. 1)
Region  Alberta
 British Columbia
 Northwest Territories
Country  Canada
Type section
Named for Fort Simpson, Northwest Territories
Named by A.E. Cameron, 1918

The Fort Simpson Formation is a stratigraphical unit of Devonian age in the Western Canadian Sedimentary Basin.

It takes the name from the settlement of Fort Simpson, and was first described in well Briggs Turkey Lake No. 1 (located south-east of Fort Simpson) by A.E. Cameron in 1918.[2]

Lithology[edit]

The Fort Simpson Formation is composed of grey shale and mudstone.[1] The shale can be calcareous, silty or sandy.

Distribution[edit]

The Fort Simpson Formation reaches a thickness of over 1,000 metres (3,280 ft) in the sub-surface of the Mackenzie River plain.[1] It extends from northern Alberta to south-western northwest Territories and in north-eastern British Columbia (north of Peace River Arch).

Relationship to other units[edit]

The Fort Simpson Formation is overlain by the Jean Marie Member of the Redknife Formation in its eastern reaches, and progressively by the Kakisa Formation, Trout River Formation or Tetcho Formation towards the west. It is conformably underlain by the Muskwa Member of the Horn River Formation.[1]

It is replaced by the Besa River Formation in the Liard River area. It is equivalent to the Imperial Formation to the north, the Tathlina Formation, Twin Falls Formation and Hay River Formation to the east, and the Woodbend Group in Alberta.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Lexicon of Canadian Geologic Units. "Fort Simpson Formation". Retrieved 2009-03-01. 
  2. ^ Cameron, A.E., 1918. Explorations in the vicinity of Great Slave Lake. Geological Survey of Canada, Summary Report, 1917, Part C, p. 21-27.