Fort Sumter and Fort Moultrie National Historical Park

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Fort Sumter and Fort Moultrie National Historical Park
FortsumterNM-welcome.jpg
Map showing the location of Fort Sumter and Fort Moultrie National Historical Park
Map showing the location of Fort Sumter and Fort Moultrie National Historical Park
Map showing the location of Fort Sumter and Fort Moultrie National Historical Park
Map showing the location of Fort Sumter and Fort Moultrie National Historical Park
Nearest cityCharleston, South Carolina
Coordinates32°45′8″N 79°52′29″W / 32.75222°N 79.87472°W / 32.75222; -79.87472Coordinates: 32°45′8″N 79°52′29″W / 32.75222°N 79.87472°W / 32.75222; -79.87472
Area199.57 acres (80.76 ha)[1]
Established1948
Visitors888,330 (in 2016)
Governing bodyNational Park Service
WebsiteFort Sumter and Fort Moultrie National Historical Park

Fort Sumter and Fort Moultrie National Historical Park is a United States National Historical Park located in Charleston County, in coastal South Carolina. It mainly protects Fort Sumter, Fort Moultrie, the Charleston Light and Liberty Square, Charleston. It was known as Fort Sumter National Monument until it was renamed in the John D. Dingell, Jr. Conservation, Management, and Recreation Act, signed March 12, 2019.[2]

The Fort Sumter Visitor Education Center is located 340 Concord Street, Liberty Square, Charleston, South Carolina, on the banks of the Cooper River.[3] The center features museum exhibits about the disagreements between the North and South that led to the incidents at Fort Sumter, particularly in South Carolina and Charleston. Displays include slavery and the plantation culture, major figures, politics, and how the Confederate Army was formed. This site is also the main departure point for tour boats heading to Fort Sumter in Charleston Harbor, which is only accessible by boat. Park rangers and volunteers offer topical programs throughout the week for every boat.

The museum at Fort Sumter itself focuses on the activities at the fort, including its construction and role during the American Civil War.

The Fort Moultrie Visitor Center is located at 1214 Middle Street, Sullivan's Island across from the fort itself.[4] There is a self-guiding brochure available and interpretive wayside exhibits posted throughout the fort. Guided tours are offered daily at 11:00 am and 2:30 pm, based on staff availability. The center offers an orientation film and museum exhibits about American seacoast defenses from 1809-1947, and the history of the first two forts.[5] There is an information desk staffed by NPS Rangers, a book/souvenir store and bathrooms.

Charleston Light is not open to the public but can be viewed from its surrounding grounds, which also allow beach access.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Dodson, Bob. "Fort Sumter National Monument". Retrieved 1 Jan 2018.
  2. ^ "S.47 - John D. Dingell, Jr. Conservation, Management, and Recreation Act". United States Congress. 2019-03-12. Retrieved 2019-03-12.
  3. ^ "Fort Sumter Visitor Education Center at Liberty Square". National Park Planner. Retrieved 16 November 2017.
  4. ^ "Fort Moultrie Visitor Center". National Park Planner. Retrieved 16 November 2017.
  5. ^ "Fort Moultrie Visitor Center Museum Exhibits". National Park Service. Retrieved 16 November 2017.
  6. ^ "Sullivan's Island Lighthouse". Sullivan's Island.com. Retrieved 16 November 2017.

Further reading[edit]

  • Black, Olivia Williams. "The 150-Year War: The Struggle to Create and Control Civil War Memory at Fort Sumter National Monument" Public Historian (2016) 38#4: 149-166. DOI: 10.1525/tph.2016.38.4.149.
  • Silkenat, David. Raising the White Flag: How Surrender Defined the American Civil War. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2019. ISBN 978-1-4696-4972-6.