Fort Totten station

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Fort Totten
WMATA Metro Logo.svg WMATA Red.svg WMATA Green.svg WMATA Yellow.svg rapid transit station
WMATA Kawaski 7000 Series On The Red Line At Fort Totten.jpg
The upper level of Fort Totten that services Red Line trains
Location550 Galloway Street, NE
Washington, D.C. 20011
Coordinates38°57′06″N 77°00′08″W / 38.951777°N 77.002174°W / 38.951777; -77.002174Coordinates: 38°57′06″N 77°00′08″W / 38.951777°N 77.002174°W / 38.951777; -77.002174
Owned byWMATA
Platforms2 island platforms (1 per level)
Tracks4 (2 per level)
ConnectionsBus transport Metrobus: 60, 64, 80, E2, E4, F6, K2, K6, K9, R1, R2
Construction
Structure typeElevated Red Line Underground Green Line and Yellow Line
Platform levels2
Parking408 spaces
Bicycle facilities10 racks, 6 lockers
Disabled accessYes
Other information
Station codeB06 (upper level)
E06 (lower level)
History
OpenedFebruary 6, 1978; 41 years ago (February 6, 1978)
Traffic
Passengers (2017)8,030 daily[1]Increase 6.13%
Services
Preceding station WMATA Metro Logo.svg Washington Metro Following station
Brookland–CUA Red Line Takoma
toward Glenmont
Georgia Avenue–Petworth Green Line West Hyattsville
toward Greenbelt
Georgia Avenue–Petworth
toward Huntington
Yellow Line

Fort Totten is a Washington Metro station in northeastern Washington, D.C. It acts as a transfer point between the Green, Yellow and Red Lines. It is the last station on the Green and Yellow lines in the District of Columbia before heading into Maryland. It is triply unique in being a 3-story station, the entrance and exit are on the second floor between the three lines, and the three lines have island platforms.

Location[edit]

Fort Totten is located in the middle of Fort Totten Park in Northeast and is accessed either via a combination of Riggs Road NE & 1st Place NE on the station's west side, or via Galloway Street NE on the station's east side. The station is mainly considered to be in the neighborhood of Fort Totten, even though the station platform actually straddles, or in other words, basically happens to be split between the neighborhoods of Fort Totten (west side) & Queens Chapel (east side). The Fort Totten Metro Station also serves the nearby/ adjacent neighborhoods of Riggs Park, and the far northern portion of both the North Michigan Park & Michigan Park neighborhoods in Northeast Washington D.C., the Manor Park neighborhood in Northwest Washington D.C., and the neighborhood of Chillum located north, right across the Maryland/ Washington D.C. Line (Eastern Avenue NE).[2] The station's name comes from a Civil War-era fortification which itself was named after General Joseph Gilbert Totten, the Chief Engineer of the antebellum US Army. On the west side of the upper rail platform of the Fort Totten Metro Station, where the Washington Metropolitan Area Red Line train tracks operate, there is a clear view of Fort Totten Park as well as a clear view of the underground Washington Metropolitan Area Green Line train tracks.

History[edit]

Lower level, looking southbound
Station's lower level platform, 2016

Service began on the Red Line (upper) platform on February 6, 1978, and on the Green Line (lower) platform on December 11, 1993.[3]

The initial, southern section of the Green Line, between the Anacostia and U Street/Cardozo stations, opened roughly two years earlier in December, 1991. The northern portion, between the Greenbelt and Fort Totten, was completed on December 11, 1993. Between December 1993 and September 1999 the Green Line operated as two completely separate unconnected segments because the line between Fort Totten and U Street/Cardozo hadn't been completed yet. The underground platform at Fort Totten served as the northern southern terminus until the mid-city Georgia Avenue-Petworth and Columbia Heights stations opened. Passengers traveling between the two Green Line sections had to transfer to Red Line trains on the upper level at Fort Totten to continue their journey to Downtown Washington D.C. However, in order to eliminate this transfer, during weekday rush hour peak period commuter times from January 1997 to September 1999, WMATA operated the Green Line Commuter Shortcut that bypassed Fort Totten station and used an underground connection to the Red Line, then serving all stations to Farragut North in Downtown. The Commuter Shortcut was discontinued in September 1999 when the northern and southern portions of the Green Line were connected and the Georgia Avenue-Petworth and Columbia Heights stations opened.

In late April 2006, as part of an 18-month trial, WMATA decided to extend the Yellow Line north during weekday rush hour peak period times to Fort Totten instead of terminating at Mount Vernon Square.[4] After unloading at Fort Totten, Yellow Line trains used the switch in the tunnel to turn back south. Due to increased ridership and the request of Councilmember Jim Graham, on December 31, 2006 WMATA decided to make the extension permanent at all times. In a press release Graham said that the service change would support the "development and urban lifestyle" of the neighborhoods between the Fort Totten and Mount Vernon Square stations.[5] As a part of the Metro Rush Plus initiative from June 2012 to June 2017, several northbound Yellow Line trains continued to Greenbelt and back.[6]

Since May 25th, 2019, Yellow Line trains now operate full-time to Greenbelt, instead of terminating at Fort Totten in off-peak hours.

2009 Red Line collision[edit]

A plaque that commemorates the victims of the Collision

On June 22, 2009, two southbound Metro trains on the Red Line collided between the Takoma and Fort Totten stations, killing 9 and injuring 80, the deadliest accident in the system's history.[7] A plaque inside the station's mezzanine commemorates the victims of the crash. Plans are in the works to one day create a memorial site outside the station after the current sign was deemed insensitive by the victims' families. [8]

Station layout[edit]

Station pylon

The lower-level platform for the Green and Yellow Lines is unique in that it is built into a hillside, part underground in a rock tunnel, and part at ground level in an open cut. A single-track connection east of the station allows trains to be moved between the Red and Green/Yellow Lines, and was once used for the Green Line Commuter Shortcut service to Farragut North via the Red Line tracks, before the mid-city segment of the Green Line was completed in September 1999.

1F Westbound WMATA Red.svg toward Grosvenor or Shady Grove (Brookland–CUA)
Island platform, doors will open on the left
Eastbound WMATA Red.svg toward Silver Spring or Glenmont (Takoma)
M Street level Exit/Entrance, one-way faregates, ticket machines, station agent
B1 Southbound WMATA Green.svg toward Branch Avenue (Georgia Avenue–Petworth)
WMATA Yellow.svg toward Huntington (Georgia Avenue–Petworth)
Island platform, doors will open on the left
Northbound WMATA Green.svgWMATA Yellow.svg toward Greenbelt (West Hyattsville)

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Metrorail Average Weekday Passenger Boardings" (PDF). Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority. Retrieved July 31, 2018.
  2. ^ "Station Vicinity Map: Fort Totten" (PDF). WMATA. Retrieved April 1, 2018.
  3. ^ "Sequence of Metrorail openings" (PDF). WMATA. 2017. p. 3. Retrieved April 1, 2018.
  4. ^ Weiss, Eric M. (December 30, 2006). "Yellow Line Is En Route to Fort Totten". The Washington Post. p. B01.
  5. ^ "Metro Extends Yellow Line to Fort Totten During Off-Peak Hours" (Press release). WMATA. December 26, 2006.
  6. ^ "Metro unveils new system map in preparation for Rush Plus" (Press release). WMATA. March 19, 2012. Retrieved April 1, 2018.
  7. ^ Sun, Lena H.; Glod, Maria (June 23, 2009). "At Least 6 Killed in Red Line Crash; THE IMPACT: Train Strikes Another, Injuring Scores, Stalling Commute". The Washington Post. Retrieved June 23, 2009.
  8. ^ Weir, Kyjta (June 22, 2012). "Gray to unveil Fort Totten Metro crash memorial plaque but no park decision". The Washington Examiner. Retrieved July 17, 2012.

External links[edit]

Media related to Fort Totten (WMATA station) at Wikimedia Commons