Fort Winneba

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Engraving by Jacobus van der Schley of view from the South West, 1727, from sketch by William Smith

Fort Winneba was a military structure designed to facilitate the slave trade. It was built in 1694[1] by the Royal African Company on the Gold Coast, in modern-day Ghana.

The fort was surveyed in 1727 by William Smith, who had been appointed to review their castles in Africa following disturbing reports that they were unprofitable. He described it as follows:

"(...) the next Day we anchor'd at Winneba in Five Fathom Water. Here we were supplied with pure fresh Water from out of their Tank, and tho' we had drawn several Tons of it, I could not perceive we had lowerd it Six Inches, from whence I concluded the Tank at Winneba has a Spring in it, the bottom being all a Rock . This Fort is exactly the same Plan and Dimensions as Tantumquery, nor is the Landing-Place any better. The Fort stands on a rising Ground about Fourteen Yards from the Seaside, having a handsome Avenue of Trees up to the Outer Gate. Here is also a large Spurr, which contributes very much to the Strength and Usefulness of the Fort, being a safe Place to secure their Cattle at Night from the Wild Beasts. Here also are very good Gardens; all which together render the Place pleasant and Comfortable enough"[2]:133–4
Fort Winneba in the 1890s


  1. ^ Owusu-Ansah, David (2014). Historical Dictionary of Ghana. Plymouth: Rowman & Littlefield. p. xxxvii. ISBN 978-0-8108-7242-4.
  2. ^ Smith, William (1745). A new voyage to Guinea (Second ed.). London: John Nourse.