Fort de La Présentation

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Fort de La Présentation
Ogdensburg, New York
Fort de La Présentation.jpg
Map of Fort de La Presentation
Type Fort
Site information
Controlled by New France
Site history
Built 1749
In use 1749-1760
Battles/wars
Fort de La Présentation Site
Fort de La Présentation is located in New York
Fort de La Présentation
Fort de La Présentation is located in the US
Fort de La Présentation
Location Lighthouse Point, near Ogdensburg, New York
Coordinates 44°41′44″N 75°30′03″W / 44.69556°N 75.50083°W / 44.69556; -75.50083Coordinates: 44°41′44″N 75°30′03″W / 44.69556°N 75.50083°W / 44.69556; -75.50083
Area 23.75 acres (9.61 ha)
NRHP Reference # 10000944[1]
Added to NRHP November 26, 2010

The Fort de La Présentation (French pronunciation: ​[fɔʁ də la pʁezɑ̃tasjɔ̃]; "Fort of the Presentation"), a mission fort, was built in 1749 and so named by the French Sulpician priest, Abbé Picquet. It was also sometimes known as Fort La Galette (French pronunciation: ​[fɔʁ la galɛt]). It was built at the confluence of the Oswegatchie River and the St Lawrence River in [New York]]. The French wanted to strengthen their alliance with the powerful Iroquois, as well as convert them to Catholicism. With increasing tensions with Great Britain, they were concerned about their thinly populated Canadian colony.[2] By 1755 the settlement included 3,000 Iroquois residents loyal to France, in part because of the fur trade, as well as their hostility to encroachment by British colonists in their other territories. By comparison, Montréal had only 4,000 residents.[2]

In 1758, with the Seven Years' War intensifying, a French-Canadian military commander took charge of a garrison at the fort. In 1759, French military forces abandoned the fort to move to Fort Lévis. Ultimately the British besieged that fort and Montreal.

After the British victories of 1760, the French ceded their Canadian territory to Great Britain. The British renamed it Fort Oswegatchie. It remained under their control until 1796, after Jay's Treaty, when redefinition of the northern boundary caused the land to be taken over by the United States. The first settlement under an American flag began that year. American residents named the town Ogdensburg after early settler Samuel Ogden.

Earlier Fort la Galette nearby[edit]

Sometime before 1683, the French had built Fort la Galette, a fortified post located on the St. Lawrence, above Ogdensburg; O’Callaghan places it at the present Prescott, Ontario.[3]

Fort de La Présentation site[edit]

The Fort de La Présentation Site is an archaeological site located on Lighthouse Point, near Ogdensburg, St. Lawrence County, New York. It encompasses the remains of at least eight different and discrete potential components, as identified in 1987–88. These include four contributing components: remains from French and Native American occupation during the period 1749 to 1760; remains from English and Native American occupation during the period 1760 to 1796; remains from American settlers in Ogdensburg during the period 1796 to 1812; and remains from American military occupation during the War of 1812.[4]

The site was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2010.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "National Register of Historic Places". WEEKLY LIST OF ACTIONS TAKEN ON PROPERTIES: 5/31/11 THROUGH 6/03/11. National Park Service. 2011-06-10. 
  2. ^ a b "History", Friends of Fort de La Présentation Website, accessed 2 Feb 2010
  3. ^ http://puffin.creighton.edu/jesuit/relations/relations_62.html#_edn13
  4. ^ Travis Bowman (May 2009). "National Register of Historic Places Registration: Fort de La Présentation Site". New York State Office of Parks, Recreation and Historic Preservation. Retrieved 2012-08-05.  See also: "Accompanying six photos". 

External links[edit]