Fort de Romainville

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Panorama of the Fort de Romainville, at the beginning of the 20th century

Fort de Romainville, (in English, Fort Romainville) was built in France in the 1830s[1] and was used as a Nazi concentration camp in World War II.

Use in World War II[edit]

Fort de Romainville was a Nazi prison and transit camp, located in the outskirts of Paris. The Fort was taken in 1940 by the German military and transformed into a prison. From there, resistants and hostages were directed to the Nazi concentration camps. People interned before deportation to were interned before being deported to Auschwitz, Ravensbrück, Buchenwald and Dachau concentration camps comprised 3,900 women and 3,100 men.

In the Fort itself, 152 persons were executed by firing-squad. A few escaped, such as Pierre Georges, alias "Colonel Fabien." From her cell, Danielle Casanova motivated and encouraged her comrades to confront their torturers.[2] From February 1944, the Fort held primarily female prisoners (resistants and hostages), who were jailed, executed or redirected to the camps. At liberation in August 1944, many abandoned corpses were found in the Fort's yard.


  1. ^ MacIntyre, Ben (September 4, 2007). Agent Zigzag: a true story of Nazi espionage, love, and betrayal. Harmony. pp. 29–50. ISBN 0-307-35340-0.
  2. ^ site de Mémoire et espoir de la Résistance Archived 2005-10-27 at the Wayback Machine.

See also[edit]

Coordinates: 48°53′06″N 2°25′22″E / 48.885126°N 2.422718°E / 48.885126; 2.422718