Fort de la Crèche
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|Fort de la Crèche|
The Fort of the Crèche is a coastal battery of the Séré de Rivières, whose construction was completed in 1879. It is near Wimereux, in the Pas-de-Calais on the tip of Pointe de la Crèche. It is built on the remains of a Napoleonic defense system consisting of Fort Terlincthun, and a sea fort, opposite the tip of the cape, of which only the foundations remain.
The Napoleonic camp of Boulogne
The Fort de Terlincthun was a simple mound of earth surrounded by a stone wall built by Napoleon I between 1806 and 1808. There is nothing of it left today.
A Séré de Rivières system fortification was completed on the site in 1879, with three other forts:
- The battery of Cape Alprech (Le Portel)
- The battery of Mount Couppes (Le Portel)
- The battery Tour d'Ordre (Boulogne-sur-Mer).
They are all built on the same pattern (a barracks, a powder magazine, 2 or 3 shelters, 3-6 platforms for cannon, a well) and are surrounded by a stone wall and a dry moat. Together they protected the port of Boulogne.
Between the world wars, the battery of la Crèche was modernized. The old armament was replaced by four 194mm guns (Mle 1902) each having two ammunition bunkers. The perimeter wall was partially demolished to make room for them.
During the Second World War, the fort was the scene of heavy fighting. The French destroyer Chacal was sunk off Portel while trying to stop the German advance. The German Navy took possession of the premises, concreted three French emplacements and replaced the weapons by 105mm guns. The fort was liberated September 22, 1944, by the Queen's Own Rifles Canadian regiment.
Today, the site is owned by the Conservatoire du littoral, and the Association Fort de La Crèche (AFLC) has restored it.
- fortdelacreche.fr : The site of l'Association Fort de La Crèche