|Native name||Metrô de Fortaleza|
|Locale||Fortaleza, Ceará, Brazil|
|Transit type||Commuter rail|
|Number of lines||2|
|Number of stations||28|
|Website||Metrô de Fortaleza|
|Began operation||October 24, 2012|
|System length||43.0 km (26.7 mi)|
|Track gauge||1,000 mm (3 ft 3 3⁄8 in) metre gauge|
The Metropolitan of Fortaleza, also known popularly as Metro of Fortaleza or Metrofor, is a system of metropolitan transport that operates in the Brazilian city of Fortaleza, operated by Companhia Cearense de Transportes Metropolitanos, company of social capital, captained by the Government of the State of Ceará, in Brazil, and has as current president Eduardo Hotz. Founded on May 2, 1997, the company is responsible for administration, construction and metro planning in the state of Ceará, being present in the systems of Sobral and Cariri, having its main activity in Fortaleza and its metropolitan region.
According to data released in December 2016, the system is the sixth largest in Brazil among the 12 Brazilian metropolitan regions that have passenger rail transport, having in the period 43.6 kilometers (Number already exceeded due to the addition of 5 new kilometers with the delivery of the first stage of the Parangaba-Mucuripe line of the VLT ) behind São Paulo (334,9 km), Rio de Janeiro (262.1 km), Recife (71.4 km), Porto Alegre (43.9 km) and Natal (56.2 km). The FMR lines represent 4.3% of the total network of subways and trains of Brazil that, in 2015, was of 1,062 km of extension.
Even though it is the sixth largest in extension, the Fortaleza subway is the fifth that least transports users in the country, having conveyed 6.5 million people in 2015, a daily average of 23.3 thousand passengers in its two lines in operation that year . This amount increased 86.8% since 2011. On the weekdays, in the annual average, there was an increase of 712.1% compared to 2011. Data obtained in the South Line show that the year 2016 ended with almost 800 thousand more passengers, compared to the previous year. From January to December 2015, 4.6 million people were transported. By 2016, that number jumped to 5.4 million. The growth is 17%, or 798,900 more passengers. The West Line, also saw passenger growth, jumping from 1.7 million in 2015 to 1.8 million in 2016. In this case, the increase was 97.4 thousand passengers, or 5.4% of the total. Continuing to increase, Line Sul recorded a 19.8% increase in the number of passengers transported in 2017 compared to 2016. The index considers total subway users from January to December. In total, there were 6.5 million people attended last year, compared to the value presented in 2016.
Fortaleza Metrô started its operations on June 15, 2012, in assisted operation. Since the commercial operation began on October 1, 2014, with ticket charges, it was fixed at the same value in force in the Integrated System of Transport of Fortaleza (SIT-FOR), being at that time 2,40. Currently in operation 19 of the 20 stations planned for the South Line, in commercial operation, 9 stations of West Line metropolitan trains (in the future to be converted into a metro system) are 4 of the 10 stations designed by the Parangaba-Mucuripe VLT, operating in assisted operation with passenger transportation in the period from 6 in the morning until noon without charge of tickets. Possessing a projected extension of 69.4 kilometers distributed in 4 lines, connected by 52 stations, mostly under construction or in design. The following lines are part of the system: East Line (Tirol-Moura Brasil ↔ Edson Queiroz, under construction), West Line (Central-Chico da Silva ↔ Caucaia) South Line (Central-Chico da Silva ↔ Carlitos Benevides, with two stations added to the project in Parangaba / Mucuripe Line (VLT) (Parangaba ↔ Iate, currently with 4 stations in operation and 70% under construction). The system was designed to integrate with two of the city's seven bus terminals, Parangaba and Papicu, and to connect to the passenger terminal at Mucuripe Port and Fortaleza International Airport.
The operator of the Fortaleza Metro, Metrofor, has been in the process of modernizing Fortaleza's rail network since 1999, with plans for improving the network going back to the 1980s. The project involved double tracking and electrification of two of the main passenger rail lines, installation of modern signalling and communications system, construction of new stations, and acquisition of new rolling stock, all with the goal of achieving higher frequency operations on the two lines. The upgraded rail network is expected to serve nearly 700,000 passengers a day.
The existing Fortaleza rail infrastructure consists of 43 kilometers (27 mi) of rail route, comprising two lines:
|South (Sul)||Central – Chico da Silva ↔ Carlito Benevides||2012||24.0 km (14.9 mi)||18[Note 1]||33||Opened, and in higher frequency operation.|
|West (Oeste)||Caucaia ↔ Central - Chico da Silva||2014||19.0 km (11.8 mi)||10[Note 2]||30||Currently operational, but as a commuter rail line with lower frequencies.|
- Two additional stations are under construction.
- Additional stations are under construction.
The 24.0-kilometer (14.9 mi) long South Line provides passenger services between Carlito Benevides in Maracanaú to Central – Chico da Silva in downtown Fortaleza. The Linha Sul (South Line) is the first of the two lines to be converted to higher frequency service, with headways of 27 minutes. Its route has been diverted into a 4.0-kilometer (2.5 mi) long tunnel, with 4 underground stations all with 110 m (360 ft) long platforms, in the city center.
The West Line, currently operating as a commuter rail line, is 19.0-kilometer (11.8 mi) long. It begins at Caucaia and currently terminates at João Felipe, with plans to extend it to Central – Chico da Silva. It currently operates with train frequencies of 45 minutes.
Stations on the metro-standards South Line, from south to north:
- Carlito Benevides (formerly Vila das Flores)
- Virgílio Távora (formerly Novo Maracanaú)
- Rachel de Queiroz (formerly Pajuçara)
- Alto Alegre
- Esperança (formerly Conjunto Esperança)
- Manoel Sátiro
- Vila Pery
- Juscelino Kubitschek
- Couto Fernandes
- Padre Cícero (not operational)
- São Benedito
- José de Alencar (formerly Lagoinha)
- Estação Central – Chico da Silva (formerly João Felipe)
The AnsaldoBreda rolling stock used on the system is similar to that used on the Circumvesuviana railway, in Naples, Italy. A total of 20 train-sets were expected to be delivered, and in service, by 2012.
A new totally underground line, the East (Leste) line, was expected to begin construction in 2018, with the contract for its constructions awarded to Sacyr and Ferrera Guedes, with an estimated construction time of 48 months. Tunnel boring machines for the construction were announced to be provided by The Robbins Company in 2012, but construction stalled. Current plans are to complete this third metro line as follows:
|East (Leste)||Central – Chico da Silva ↔ Fórum Clóvis Beviláqua||TBD||12 km (7 mi)||13||Under construction|
A third rail line in the Fortaleza area, that runs between Macuripe and Parangaba and that currently operates as a cargo line, is in the process of being converted into a diesel light rail line. As of 2018, the line is partially in operation.
|Parangaba Mucuripe||Parangaba ↔ Iate||2017||13.4 km (8.3 mi)||10||In operation (Parangaba–Papicu)|
- "Mapa das Linhas - Metrô de Fortaleza" (in Portuguese). Metrô de Fortaleza - METROFOR. Archived from the original on 2013-09-25. Retrieved 2014-06-19.
- "Fortaleza Metro Rail Project, Brazil". Railway-Technology.com. Retrieved 2014-06-18.
- "Metrô de Fortaleza Linha Sul" (in Portuguese). Metrô de Fortaleza - METROFOR. Archived from the original on 2017-08-08. Retrieved 2014-06-19.
- "HORÁRIO DA PARTIDA DOS TRENS CARLITO BENEVIDES - CHICO DA SILVA" [DEPARTURE TIME OF TRAINS CARLITO BENEVIDES - CHICO DA SILVA] (pdf) (in Portuguese). Metrô de Fortaleza - METROFOR. Retrieved 2014-10-11.[permanent dead link]
- "Metrô de Fortaleza Linha Oeste" (in Portuguese). Metrô de Fortaleza - METROFOR. Archived from the original on 2017-08-08. Retrieved 2014-06-19.
- "Horário de Partida dos Trens do Centro para Caucaia a partir do dia 28/05/2012" [Departure Time of Trains Centro to Caucaia from the date 28/05/2012] (pdf) (in Portuguese). Metrô de Fortaleza - METROFOR. 28 May 2012. Retrieved 2014-10-11.[permanent dead link]
- "Fortaleza". UrbanRail.net. Retrieved 2014-06-18.
- "Sacyr and Ferrera Guedes awarded Fortaleza Metro contract". International Railway Journal. 11 July 2018.
- "Contract awarded for Fortaleza Eastern metro line". Railway Pro. 12 July 2018. Retrieved 12 October 2019.
- "World rail infrastructure market September 2012". Railway Gazette International. 24 September 2012. Retrieved 16 November 2014.
- "Porto e metrô expandidos" [Port and metro expanded]. Negócios Diário do Nordeste (in Portuguese). 25 February 2011. Retrieved 2014-06-20.
- "Fortaleza World Cup rail link on schedule". Global Rail News. Rail Media. 19 February 2013. Retrieved 2014-06-21.
- "Metrô de Fortaleza Ramal Parangaba Mucuripe" (in Portuguese). Metrô de Fortaleza - METROFOR. Retrieved 2014-06-21.
- "Duas novas linhas previstas" [Two new lines planned]. Negócios Diário do Nordeste (in Portuguese). 20 September 2007. Retrieved 2014-06-20.
Media related to Fortaleza Metro at Wikimedia Commons
- Fortaleza Metro – official website (in Portuguese)