Forte Real de São Filipe

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Forte Real de São Filipe
Cidade Velha, Santiago Island in Cape Verde
Forte Real de São Filipe, Cidade Velha, Cape Verde.jpg
View over the old fort of São Filipe from Cidade Velha
Forte Real de São Filipe is located in Cape Verde
Forte Real de São Filipe
Forte Real de São Filipe
Coordinates 14°54′58″N 23°36′07″W / 14.9160°N 23.6019°W / 14.9160; -23.6019Coordinates: 14°54′58″N 23°36′07″W / 14.9160°N 23.6019°W / 14.9160; -23.6019
Height 10
Site information
Controlled by Portuguese Empire (1593-1975)
Open to
the public
Yes
Condition Renovated in 2000
Site history
Built 1593
Built by Portuguese Empire
In use 1593-1770
Events Cassard expedition (1712)
UNESCO World Heritage site
Part of Cidade Velha, Historic Centre of Ribeira Grande
Criteria Cultural: (ii)(iii)(vi)
Reference 1310
Inscription 2009 (33rd Session)

Forte Real de São Filipe is a 16th century fortress in the city of Cidade Velha in the south of the island of Santiago, Cape Verde. It is located on a plateau above the town centre, 120 meters above sea level. The historic centre of Cidade Velha is an UNESCO World Heritage site since June 2009.[1] The fort was part of a system of defence for the city, which also included six smaller forts on the coast and a wall along the port.[2]

History[edit]

The fortress was built under Philip I of Portugal between 1587 and 1593, little after Sir Francis Drake's 1585 raid of Santiago. It completed the existing defence system, consisting of the older forts of São Lourenço, São Brás, Presidio, São Veríssimo, São João dos Cavaleiros and São António. Remains of these forts can still be seen. The Forte Real de São Filipe was built from stone imported from Portugal. It was designed by the military engineers João Nunes and Filippo Terzi. The fort has been restored in 1999-2001.[2]

Layout[edit]

The fortress consists of three bastions towards the interior of the island (east). Towards the north and south it is protected by a steep cliff. Access is from the west. Inside the fortress were military storage facilities, a brick cistern, the residence of the Governor, the garrison, the prison and the chapel of São Gonçalo.[2]

São Filipe fortress at Cidade Velha, Santiago island, Cape Verde

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Cidade Velha, Historic Centre of Ribeira Grande - UNESCO World Heritage Centre". Retrieved 27 September 2018.
  2. ^ a b c Cidade Velha, Centre historique de Ribeira Grande, Proposition d’inscription sur la Liste du patrimoine mondial, p. 24-28

External links[edit]