Fortepiano (musical dynamic)
The expression fortepiano (sometimes called forte piano) is a sudden dynamic change used in a musical score, usually with the abbreviation fp, to designate a section of music in which the music should be played loudly (forte), then immediately softly (piano). The word is of Italian etymology literally translated as 'loudsoft'.
Beethoven's Piano Sonata No. 8 begins with a fortepiano:
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