Fortifications of Xi'an

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The fortifications of Xi'an (Chinese: 西安城墙), an ancient capital of China, represent one of the oldest and best preserved Chinese city walls. Construction of the first city wall of Chang'an began in 194 BCE and lasted for four years. That wall measured 13.74 kilometres (8.54 mi) in length, 12–16 metres (39–52 ft) in thickness at the base. The area within the wall was roughly 36 square kilometres (14 sq mi). The existing wall was started by the Ming Dynasty in 1370. It encircles a much smaller city of 14 square kilometres (5.4 sq mi). The wall measures 13.7 kilometres (8.5 mi) in circumference, 12 metres (39 ft) in height, and 15–18 metres (49–59 ft) in thickness at the base.[1] South Embrasured Watchtower of Xian’an City Wall was constructed in 1378 and destroyed by fire in 1926.[2]

The State Council of the People's Republic of China, stated on 4 March 1961, that the Fortifications of Xi'an be included as a heritage site under national protection. On 28 March 2008, China proposed the Xi'an Fortification be included on UNESCO's World Heritage List, where it is categorized as a tentative listing.[3]



  1. ^ Xi'an City Wall. Heritage Key
  2. ^ "Shaanxi Top 10 events of cultural heritage in 2014". Shaanxi Provincial Bureau of Cultural Heritage. Retrieved 27 July 2015. 
  3. ^ UNESCO Tentative list [1]