|Full name||Düsseldorfer Turn- und Sportverein
Fortuna 1895 e.V.
|Founded||5 May 1895|
Düsseldorfer Turn- und Sportverein Fortuna 1895 e.V. [fɔɐ̯ˈtʰuːna ˈdʏsl̩ˌdɔɐ̯f] ( listen) is a German association football club based in Düsseldorf, North Rhine-Westphalia. The club currently plays in the 2. Bundesliga, the second tier of the German football league system. Founded in 1895, it entered the league in 1913 and were a fixture in top-flight play from the early 1920s up to the foundation of the nationwide Bundesliga in 1963 in which they participated in 23 seasons between 1966 and 2013.
- 1 History
- 2 Players
- 3 Honours
- 4 League history
- 5 Notable players
- 6 Managers
- 7 Stadiums
- 8 Records and firsts
- 9 References
- 10 External links
Foundation to World War II
The earliest roots of the association go back to the establishment of the gymnastics club Turnverein Flingern on 5 May 1895 in the village of Flingern, today one of the eastern quarters of Düsseldorf. Two other sides figure in the club's early history: Düsseldorfer Fußballklub Spielverein, founded in 1908, and FK Alemania 1911, which was founded in 1911 and became Fortuna 1911 the following year. In mid-1913, these two clubs merged to form Düsseldorfer Fußball-Club Fortuna 1911 which played its debut season in the Westdeutschen Spielverband in 1913–14. TV Flingern joined Fortuna to create Düsseldorfer Turn- und Sportverein Fortuna on 15 November 1919.
In the late 1920s, Fortuna won its first honours as a first tier side; it captured a district level Bezirksliga title in 1927, sent its first representative to the Germany national team in 1928 (Ernst Albrecht), and took a second Bezirksliga title in 1929. The team continued to perform well into the 1930s, winning its third and fourth district titles en route to a Western German football championship in 1931 and its greatest success, a German football championship in 1933 against Schalke 04, which was on the verge of becoming the era's dominant side in Germany. Fortuna was the first team to win the title without conceding a goal in the final rounds of the tournament. It beat Vorwärts-Rasensport Gleiwitz (9–0), Arminia Hannover (3–0), Eintracht Frankfurt (4–0) and finally Schalke 04 (3–0) en route to becoming the first national champion from the industrial Rhine-Ruhr area.
In the following season, the club began playing in Gauliga Niederrhein, 1 of 16 top-flight divisions formed in the re-organization of German football under the Third Reich. Düsseldorf dominated the division through the 1930s as five-time champions between 1936 and 1940, and made losing appearances in the national championship final in 1936 (1–2 to 1. FC Nürnberg) and the final of the Tschammerpokal, the predecessor of today's DFB-Pokal, in 1937 (1–2 against Schalke 04). The club was relegated in 1942 but made a prompt return to the top flight the following season. In 1944–45, it began play as the combined wartime side Kriegsspielgemeinschaft TSV Fortuna/SC 99 Düsseldorf with partner Düsseldorfer Sport Club 1899, but took part in only two matches as Nazi Germany fell before the advance of Allied armies.
The most notable players of that era were Paul Janes, Germany's most capped player from 1942 to 1970 (71 caps), German team captain (1939–1942) and member of the Breslau Eleven that beat Denmark 8–0 in Breslau in 1937 and went on to win 10 of 11 games played during that year; Stanislaus Kobierski, who earned 26 caps and scored Germany's first ever FIFA World Cup goal; Ernst Albrecht; and Jakob Bender.
Post War era
After World War II, Allied occupation authorities ordered the dissolution of all sports organizations in Germany. Fortuna was re-formed in 1945 and then played most of their football in the Oberliga West (I) in the years between 1947 and the creation of the Bundesliga, Germany's professional football league, in 1963. It played as a lower-to-mid-table side but did earn three appearances in the DFB-Pokal final in – 1957, 1958 and 1962 – but was not able to take the prize, losing each of those matches to Bayern Munich, VfB Stuttgart and 1. FC Nürnberg. It was also during this era that Toni Turek, goalkeeper for Germany's "Miracle of Bern" side at the 1954 World Cup; Erich Juskowiak (30 caps and World Cup player in 1958); and later national team coach Jupp Derwall all represented Fortuna.
1960s and 1970s
Fortuna's performance was not good enough to earn them a place among the original 16 teams chosen for the newly founded Bundesliga in 1963, but the club did manage to play its way into the premier division three years later for a cameo appearance in 1966–67. Despite a sensational 2–1 away win at recently crowned European Cup Winners' Cup winners Borussia Dortmund in its Bundesliga debut, Fortuna was immediately relegated, though only to return in 1971 for a stay that lasted 16 seasons and included two third-place league finishes (in 1972–73 and 1973–74). On 9 December 1978, Fortuna recorded a 7–1 victory against Bayern Munich, to date the highest away defeat for Bayern in its entire Bundesliga history. In addition, Fortuna continued its prosperous play in the DFB-Pokal, making another three appearances. After losing in its fifth appearance in the final in 1978 against local rivals 1. FC Köln (0–2), the club finally broke through and came away as champions in 1979, prevailing 1–0 against Hertha BSC, then repeating as champions 1980 with 2–1 victory against 1. FC Köln. During this period, the club established a record for consecutive DFB-Pokal match victories, with 18-straight between 1978 and 1981.
Fortuna is among a group of four teams which have made frequent appearances in the DFB-Pokal final only to come away empty-handed. Like 1. FC Kaiserslautern, Fortuna has just two wins against fives losses. 1. FC Köln has four wins and six losses in the Cup final, while Schalke 04 has been frustrated most often, with four wins and seven losses. Four of the Düsseldorfer's losses were by a single goal and two of those were in extra time.
The club's best turn in European competition was in the 1979 European Cup Winners' Cup Final, where it finished as runners-up to Barcelona, losing 4–3 in extra time in an exciting finale at Basel. It was the first of four occasions that the Catalan club won the tournament.
Fortuna achieved its success mostly with hometown players like the famous Allofs-Brothers (Klaus Allofs and Thomas Allofs) or players, like Gerd Zewe (440 games in the Bundesliga), Dieter Herzog, Reiner Geye, Wolfgang Seel and Rudi Bommer who joined the team as nearly unknown players and ended as Internationals. Between 1960 and 1967, Peter Meyer scored 119 goals in 174 games.
1980s to the new century
Since its relegation in 1987, Fortuna has bounced back and forth between leagues, spending five more seasons in the Bundesliga in 1989–92 and 1995–97 and slipping as low as Oberliga Nordrhein (IV) in 2002–04. In 2001, the club escaped relegation to tier IV only because two other clubs were denied licenses to play in tier III for financial reasons. Fortuna had its own money problems at the time but have since managed to arrange its finances more or less back into order. Between 2001 and 2003, the club was sponsored by German punk rock band Die Toten Hosen.
In 2008–09, Fortuna competed in the newly establiished 3. Liga, finishing second and gaining automatic promotion to the 2. Bundesliga, where it finished fourth in its comeback season, 2009–10. In this season, Fortuna was the only side unbeaten in home-matches in the three top German (nationwide) leagues.
After a promising 2009–10 season, the 2010–11 season began poorly for Fortuna. After the first six games of the season, the club was in last place, having lost every match. During these first six matches, the club managed to score only two goals – one of which was an own-goal by the other side. Despite this discouraging start, Fortuna bounced back and finished the season in seventh place. 2011–12 began very differently: after the first half of the season, Fortuna was in first place in the table with a remarkable record of 12 wins, 5 draws and 0 losses. The "Herbstmeister" title gave the team and the fans hope that this could be the year Fortuna returned to the Bundesliga. The second half of the season was more challenging, as Fortuna was unable to maintain its pace: it suffered four losses and a number of draws, slipping to third place in the final standings. Nonetheless, this was sufficient for them to qualify for the two-game relegation playoff against the third-last place team in the Bundesliga – Hertha BSC. The first game of the relegation was played on 10 May 2012 in Berlin, with Fortuna winning 2–1. Fortuna drew the deciding game which was played on 15 May in Düsseldorf. Hertha fans, however, threw firecrackers at the field and the players, and one minute before the match ended, overexcited Fortuna fans stormed the field.
The promotion to the Bundesliga represented an extraordinary personal achievement for team captain Andreas Lambertz, as he became the first player in German football history to be promoted three times with the same club, from the then fourth-tier Oberliga to the Bundesliga. For striker Sascha Rösler, it marked the fourth time in his career that he had been promoted with the club from the Second Division into the Bundesliga.
Coming with the recent promotion, the club achieved a new record in German football history, becoming the only German club that has been relegated from the Bundesliga down to a fourth-tire league (time period of downfall: 1997–2002) and promoted back to the Bundesliga afterwards (time period of uprising: 2004–2012).
Fortuna started the 2012–13 Bundesliga season strongly: after five games, it was in fifth place in the table  and concerns about relegation seemed to have been put to rest. However, Fortuna's 1–0 home win over SpVgg Greuther Fürth on 16 February would prove to be the club's final victory of the season. The season concluded with Fortuna playing in Hannover 96, a match Fortuna lost 0–3. This defeat, combined with an FC Augsburg win over Greuther Fürth and a bizarre and unlikely victory by 1899 Hoffenheim over second-place Borussia Dortmund, resulted in Fortuna dropping two places. Fortuna finished 17th and were again relegated back to 2nd tier of German Football.
Fortuna's relegation was the result not only of this unlikely series of occurrences on the final day of the season, but also a poor conclusion to the year. Of its final eight matches, it did not win a single one; just one win would have secured its position for the following season's Bundesliga. This poor performance contributed to the dismissal of head coach Norbert Meier.
For the 2016–17 season, online sports betting website Tipbet renewed its agreement as "Premium Partners" of Fortuna. The deal involves marketing campaigns to raise brand awareness, while regular promotions are organised.
- As of 10 September 2016 
Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.
The club's honours:
- German championship
- Winners: 1933
- Finalists: 1936
- Western German championship
- Winners: 1931
- Berg Mark Liga (I)
- Champions: 1927, 1929, 1931, 1933, 1947
- Gauliga Niederrhein (I)
- Champions: 1936, 1937, 1938, 1939, 1940
- 2. Bundesliga (II)
- Champions: 1989
- Regionalliga West (II)
- Champions: 1966
- Oberliga Nordrhein (III)
- Champions: 1994
- Winners: 1979, 1980
- Finalists: 1937, 1957, 1958, 1962, 1978
- Western German Cup
- Winners: 1956, 1957, 1958, 1962, 1971
- European Cup Winners' Cup
- Finalists: 1979
- Trofeo Ciudad de Palma
- Winners: 1989
- Intertoto Cup
- Winners: 1967, 1984, 1986
- Reserve team
- German amateur football championship
- Winners: 1977
- 1913–1914 C-Klasse (3rd tier) – Champions: 1914
- 1914–1918 B-Klasse (2nd tier) – Champions: 1915, 1916, 1917, 1918
- 1918–1919 A-Klasse (1st tier)
- 1919–1920 A-Klasse (2nd tier) – Champions: 1920
- 1920–1921 Gauliga Berg Mark (1st tier)
- 1921–1922 A-Klasse (2nd tier)
- 1922–1933 Gauliga Berg Mark (1st tier) – Champions: 1927, 1929, 1931, 1933
- 1933–1942 Gauliga Niederrhein (1st tier) – Champions: 1936, 1937, 1938, 1939, 1940
- 1942–1943 Bezirksklasse (2nd tier) – Champions: 1943
- 1943–1944 Gauliga Niederrhein (1st tier)
- 1944–1946 no contests (WW II)
- 1946–1947 Bezirksliga Berg Mark (1st tier) – Champions: 1947
- 1947–1949 Oberliga West (1st tier)
- 1949–1950 2. Liga West (2nd tier)
- 1950–1960 Oberliga West (1st tier)
- 1960–1961 2. Liga West (2nd tier)
- 1961–1963 Oberliga West (1st tier)
- 1963–1966 Regionalliga West (2nd tier) – Champions: 1966
- 1966–1967 Bundesliga (1st tier)
- 1967–1971 Regionalliga West (2nd tier)
- 1971–1987 Bundesliga (1st tier)
- 1987–1989 2. Bundesliga (2nd tier) – Champions: 1989
- 1989–1992 Bundesliga (1st tier)
- 1992–1993 2. Bundesliga (2nd tier)
- 1993–1994 Oberliga Nordrhein (3rd tier) – Champions: 1994
- 1994–1995 2. Bundesliga (2nd tier)
- 1995–1997 Bundesliga (1st tier)
- 1997–1999 2. Bundesliga (2nd tier)
- 1999–2000 Regionalliga West/Südwest (3rd tier)
- 2000–2002 Regionalliga Nord (3rd tier)
- 2002–2004 Oberliga Nordrhein (4th tier)
- 2004–2008 Regionalliga Nord (3rd tier)
- 2008–2009 3. Liga (3rd tier)
- 2009–2012 2. Bundesliga (2nd tier)
- 2012–2013 Bundesliga (1st tier)
- 2013–present 2. Bundesliga (2nd tier)
|Season||League||Tier||Position||DFB-Pokal||Av. Home Attendance||Top Scorer|
|2001–02||Regionalliga Nord||3||17th||DNQ||5,719||Frank Mayer (7)|
|2004–05||Regionalliga Nord||3||8th||Round 1||8,611||Frank Mayer (9)|
|2005–06||Regionalliga Nord||3||5th||DNQ||7,387||Marcus Feinbier (15)|
|2006–07||Regionalliga Nord||3||10th||DNQ||10,603||Marcus Feinbier (9)|
|2007–08||Regionalliga Nord||3||3rd||DNQ||12,682||Axel Lawaree (15)|
|2008–09||3. Liga||3||2nd||DNQ||14,875||Marco Christ (11)|
|2009–10||2. Bundesliga||2||4th||Round 1||28,007||Martin Harnik (13)|
|2010–11||2. Bundesliga||2||7th||Round 1||21,051||Jens Langeneke (8)|
|2011–12||2. Bundesliga||2||3rd||Last 16||31,900||Sascha Rösler (13)|
|2012–13||Bundesliga||1||17th||Last 16||45,991||Dani Schahin (8)|
|2013–14||2. Bundesliga||2||6th||Round 1||33,982||Charlison Benschop (12)|
|2014–15||2. Bundesliga||2||10th||Round 1||29,944||Charlison Benschop (13)|
Internationals for the Germany national team
Twenty-five Fortuna players have made appearances with the national side earning 240 caps between them. With the exception of Erich Juskowiak, all players debuted as Fortuna players:
- Kuno Klötzer (July 1963 – June 1967)
- Otto Knefler (July 1968 – June 1970)
- Heinz Lucas (July 1970 – April 1975)
- Manfred Krafft (April 1975 – April 1976)
- Sepp Piontek (July 1975 – April 1976)
- Dietrich Weise (July 1976 – June 1978)
- Heinz-Dieter Tippenhauer (July 1978 – Oct 1979)
- Otto Rehhagel (Oct 1979 – Dec 1980)
- Heinz Höher (Dec 1980 – June 1981)
- Jörg Berger (July 1981 – Oct 1982)
- Willibert Kremer (Oct 1982 – April 1985)
- Dieter Brei (April 1985 – April 1987)
- Gerd Meyer (April 1987 – June 1987)
- Aleksandar Ristić (July 1987 – Dec 1990)
- Josef Hickersberger (Dec 1990 – Aug 1991)
- Rolf Schafstall (Aug 1991 – Jan 1992)
- Hans-Jürgen Gede (Jan 1992 – March 1992)
- Horst Köppel (Jan 1992 – Aug 1992)
- Rudolf Wojtowicz (interim) (Aug 1992)
- Aleksandar Ristić (Aug 1992 – Nov 1996)
- Rudolf Wojtowicz (Nov 1996 – Sept 1997)
- Uli Maslo (Sept 1997 – April 1998)
- Enver Marić (interim) (April 1998 – June 1998)
- Klaus Allofs (July 1998 – April 1999)
- Peter Neururer (April 1999 – June 1999)
- Jürgen Gelsdorf (July 1999 – May 2000)
- Aleksandar Ristić (July 2000 – Jan 2001)
- Uwe Fuchs (Jan –April 2001)
- Tim Kamp (April 2001 – April 2002)
- Stefan Emmerling (April –June 2002)
- Slavko Petrović (July 2002 – May 2003)
- Uwe Weidemann (May –June 2003)
- Massimo Morales (July 2003 – Nov 2004)
- Uwe Weidemann (Nov 2004 – Nov 2007)
- Wolf Werner (interim) (Nov –Dec 2007)
- Norbert Meier (Jan 2008 – June 2013)
- Mike Büskens (June–November 2013)
- Oliver Reck (interim) (November and December 2013)
- Lorenz-Günther Köstner (Jan 2014 – June 2014)
- Oliver Reck (June 2014 – February 2015)
- Taşkın Aksoy (interim) (April 2015 – June 2015)
- Frank Kramer (July 2015 – November 2015)
- Peter Hermann (interim) (November 2015 – December 2015)
- Marco Kurz (December 2015 – March 2016)
- Friedhelm Funkel (March 2016–)
- Lichtplatz (1908–19)
- Vennhauser Straße (1919–30)
- Paul-Janes-Stadion (1930–53, 1970–72, 1975–76 (Evasive), 2002–05, 2005–07 (Evasive))
- Rheinstadion (1953–70, 1972–2002)
- LTU Arena/Esprit Arena (since 2005)
Records and firsts
- 1928: first German team to visit Africa for friendly competition
- 1960: first German team to sign an African player (Charles Gyamfi)
- 1978 – 7 Dec.: Fortuna obtained a 7–1 victory against Bayern Munich, to date the worst away defeat for Bayern in its entire Bundesliga history.
- 1978 – 1981: consecutive DFB-Pokal match victories (18)
- 2009: Fortuna set an all-time attendance record for third level football in Germany: 50,095 visitors saw a 1–0 victory against Werder Bremen U23 that meant promotion into the 2. Bundesliga.
- ESPRIT arena
- Grüne, Hardy (2001). Vereinslexikon. Kassel: AGON Sportverlag ISBN 3-89784-147-9
- Grüne, Hardy (1996). Vom Kronprinzen bis zur Bundesliga. Kassel: AGON Sportverlag ISBN 3-928562-85-1
- FAZ-online article
- News, SBC. "SBC". SBC News. SBC News. Retrieved 6 December 2016.
- Sports betting, Tipbet. "Tipbet Sports Odds". Tipbet. Tipbet. Retrieved 6 December 2016.
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