Forum for Democracy and Development

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Forum for Democracy and Development
PresidentEdith Nawakwi
IdeologySocial democracy
Political positionCentre-left
National Assembly
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The Forum for Democracy and Development (FDD) is a political party in Zambia.


The FDD was founded in 2001 by former members of the Movement for Multi-Party Democracy (MMD), disaffected by Frederick Chiluba's efforts to change the constitution to allow him to stand for a third term.[1] In the 2001 general elections it nominated Christon Tembo as its presidential candidate; Tembo finished third in a field of eleven candidates with 13% of the vote. In the National Assembly elections the party received 16% of the vote, winning 12 seats. Three FDD politicians were later invited by President Levy Mwanawasa to serve in a 'unity cabinet', and they were expelled from the party for accepting the invitation.

In 2005 the FDD chose Edith Nawakwi, a former MMD minister, as its president. However, in 2006 the government de-registered the FDD on the grounds that it had failed to submit an annual report. The FDD subsequently joined the United Democratic Alliance, which put forward United Party for National Development leader Hakainde Hichilema as its presidential candidate for the 2006 general elections.[1] Hilchema finished third with 25% of the vote, whilst the UDA won 24 seats in the National Assembly, down from the combined 74 the alliance's member parties had won in 2001.

The FDD did not nominate a candidate for the 2008 presidential by-election, but put forward Nawakwi for the 2011 general elections. She received 0.2% of the vote, finishing seventh out of the nine candidates. The party won a single seat in the National Assembly, Chifumu Banda in Chasefu. Nawakwi ran for the presidency again in the 2015 presidential by-election, finishing third with 0.9% of the vote.

The FDD currently holds one seat in the National Assembly.

Electoral history[edit]

Presidential elections[edit]

Election Party candidate Votes % Result
2001 Christon Tembo 228,861 13.17% Lost Red XN
2006 None

(endorsed Hakainde Hichilema)

693,772 25.32% Lost Red XN
2011 Edith Nawakwi 6,833 0.24% Lost Red XN
2015 Edith Nawakwi 15,321 0.92% Lost Red XN
2016 Edith Nawakwi 24,149 0.65% Lost Red XN

National Assembly elections[edit]

National Assembly
Election Party leader Votes % Seats +/–
2001 Christon Tembo 272,817 15.58%
12 / 159
Increase 12
2006 Christon Tembo 610,608

(as part of UDA)

26 / 159
Increase 14
2011 Edith Nawakwi 20,243 0.75%
1 / 159
Decrease 25
2016 Edith Nawakwi 79,489 2.17%
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  1. ^ a b Simon, David J.; Pletcher, James R.; Siegel, Brian V., eds. (2008). "National Citizen's Coalition (NCC)". Historical Dictionary of Zambia. African Historical Dictionaries. 106 (3rd ed.). Metuchen, New Jersey: Scarecrow Press. p. 333. ISBN 978-0-8108-5305-8.