Forum for the National Unity of Abkhazia

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Forum for the National Unity of Abkhazia
Форум Народного единства Абхазии
აფხაზეთის ეროვნული ერთიანობის ფორუმი
Leader Raul Khajimba
Founded February 8, 2005
Headquarters აფხაზეთის ეროვნული ერთიანობის ფორუმი
Ideology Nationalism[1][2]
Colours Red, Green
People's Assembly
6 / 35

The Forum for the National Unity of Abkhazia (FNUA, Russian: Форум Народного единства Абхазии, Georgian: აფხაზეთის ეროვნული ერთიანობის ფორუმი) is a prominent oppositional political party in Abkhazia. It is led by Former Prime Minister, Vice President and President Elect Raul Khajimba.

History[edit]

The FNUA was founded on 8 February 2005 to unite 12 opposition parties, socio-political movements, public organisations and youth organisations, which however continued to exist as individual entities. It mainly brought together supporters of Raul Khajimba in the October 2004 presidential election. Khajimba had lost that election, but became Vice President following the power-sharing agreement concluded to end the post-election crisis, and the FNUA considered ensuring the strict implementation of that agreement one of its principal tasks. The FNUA was initially governed by a coordinating board of twelve members, headed by Gennadi Alamia, co-chairman of the Social-Democratic Party of Abkhazia.[3]

The FNUA became a socio-political movement on 10 October 2005 and Avtandil Gartskia, Vitali Gabnia and Daur Arshba were elected its co-chairmen.[4] On 6 March 2008 the FNUA was transformed into a political party and Daur Arshba and Astamur Tania became its two co-chairmen.[5]

In the run-up to the 12 December 2009 Presidential election, the FNUA intended to nominate Raul Khajimba and Zaur Ardzinba, but in the end the pair could not agree on who would get what position, and the congress of the FNUA, planned for 29 October, was called off.[6] Khajimba and Ardzinba then entered the election separately, ending up 2nd and 3rd respectively, behind incumbent President Sergei Bagapsh.

On 12 May 2010, the FNUA held a congress during which the number of Chairmen was reduced from 2 to 1, and the number of Deputy Chairmen from 4 to 2. Raul Khajimba was elected to the new leadership position, with Daur Arshba and Rita Lolua becoming his deputies.[7]

On 10 July 2013, the Forum signed a cooperation agreement with fellow opposition parties United Abkhazia, the People's Party of Abkhazia and the Party for the Economic Development of Abkhazia, and with a number of social movements.[8]

On 31 March 2015, Daur Arshba again succeeded Khajimba as Chairman.[9]

On 2 March 2016, the FNUA condemned the planned referendum to hold an early presidential election.[10] After the referendum had been approved by President Khajimba, the party held a congress on 10 June in the hall of the hotel Inter-Sukhum, attended by 356 delegates, during which various speakers called for a boycott of the referendum.[11][12]

Original composition[edit]

The Forum for the National Unity of Abkhazia originally brought together three political parties:

one socio-political movement:

six public organisations and movements:

and two youth organisations:

  • Smena
  • the Social-Democratic Youth of Abkhazia

Election results[edit]

Presidential[edit]

Year Candidate First Round Second Round Result
2005 Sergei Bagapsh 91.54% - Won
2009 Raul Khajimba 15.32% - 2nd place
2011 Raul Khajimba 19.82% - 3rd place
2014 Raul Khajimba 50.60% - Won

Parliamentary[edit]

Year Seats Places
2007 28 1st
2012 6 1st

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Georgia's separatist Abkhazia set to elect nationalist leader". 3 October 2004. Retrieved 30 August 2016. 
  2. ^ "Abkhazia's New Leader Insists on Deeper Ties With Moscow". www.cacianalyst.org. Retrieved 30 August 2016. 
  3. ^ Kuchuberia, Angela (2005-02-09). В Абхазии создан Форум народного единства, в который вошли двенадцать партий и движений республики (in Russian). Caucasian Knot. Retrieved 2009-05-29. 
  4. ^ Kuchuberia, Angela (2005-10-07). Абхазская оппозиция создала Общественно-политическое движение "Форум Народного единства Абхазии" (in Russian). Caucasian Knot. Retrieved 2009-05-29. 
  5. ^ Kuchuberia, Angela (2008-03-06). Общественно-политическое движение "Форум народного единства Абхазии" стало политической партией (in Russian). Caucasian Knot. Retrieved 2009-05-29. 
  6. ^ Allenova, Olga (2009-11-02). Сергей Багапш столкнется с поддержанными конкурентами (in Russian). Kommersant. Retrieved 2009-11-15. 
  7. ^ Kuchuberia, Anzhela (13 May 2010). Рауль Хаджимба возглавил оппозиционный "Форум народного единства Абхазии". Caucasian Knot (in Russian). Retrieved 19 May 2010. 
  8. ^ "Ряд политических партий и общественных движений Абхазии подписали Соглашение о сотрудничестве и совместную декларацию". Apsnypress. 10 July 2013. Archived from the original on 20 December 2013. Retrieved 29 July 2013. 
  9. ^ Даур Аршба назначен Руководителем Администрации Президента Абхазии. Apsnypress (in Russian). 10 October 2016. Retrieved 11 November 2016. 
  10. ^ "РПП ФНЕА: действия лидеров оппозиции направлены на дезинформацию населения и на преднамеренную дестабилизацию обстановки в стране". Abkhazia Inform. 2 March 2016. Retrieved 11 March 2016. 
  11. ^ Poluyan, Elena (10 June 2016). "Даур Аршба: призываем не идти на поводу у реваншистов!". Apsnypress. Retrieved 31 July 2016. 
  12. ^ Gogoryan, Anaid (10 June 2016). "Форум против референдума". Echo of the Caucasus. Retrieved 2 August 2016.