Stichting Formula Zero Team Delft
|Founder||Edgar van Os, 2007|
Forze is a Delft University of Technology's student team specialised in hydrogen electric racing. It was founded in 2007 by Edgar van Os and has built 8 hydrogen fuel cell racing vehicles. The team's offices and workshops are located in the D:DREAM hall on the campus of the Delft University of Technology. In this monumental post-war factory hall, designed by architect Dirk Roosenburg, all TU Delft's teams, called Dream Teams, are located. In 2007 the team began designing and building go-karts with a hydrogen-electric drivetrain. With these vehicles they participated in the Formula Zero competition, hence the name ForZe. After five years the first full-size hydrogen race car was built. Another three years later the project of the Forze VII began. This became the first hydrogen-electric racecar to ever participate in an official race against fossil-fueled vehicles. The latest iteration, the Forze VIII, was the first hydrogen-electric racecar to ever finish in a race against petrol powered cars. Over the coming years the team wants to develop its cars in such a way that they can compete in a Le Mans Prototype endurance series.
In a conventional road car, the energy that is stored in fuel is converted to mechanical energy, using the principle of combustion. The cars that are built by Forze utilize a different concept. The hydrogen fuel cell system inside the vehicles converts the energy stored in hydrogen to electric energy. This means that the fuel cell system can be used to power an electric drive train with hydrogen as a so-called alternative fuel.
The efficiency of the fuel conversion can be about two to three times higher than a conventional combustion engine. The most obvious differences of hydrogen-electric vehicles compared to their battery-electric relatives is the time required to recharge or refill, and the driving range. Hydrogen tanks can be refilled within minutes whereas batteries currently take several hours to recharge. This makes hydrogen-electric propulsion ideal for applications where non-stop operation and/or a long driving range is required.
The mission of Forze is to promote fuel cell technology by educating their own team members, but also the general public and to inspire industries to use hydrogen technology. By designing and building their own high performance hydrogen race cars, the potential and application of hydrogen can be demonstrated. Currently, Forze is still the only student team worldwide that uses high power automotive fuel cells.
Cars & Competitions
The team started competing in the 2008 Formula Zero Championship, the world's first hydrogen fuel cell championship. Given the importance of the upcoming Hydrogen economy and considering climate change and oil related problems, the project draws a lot of attention from international media.
The first season was limited to one event in the inner city of Rotterdam next to the Erasmus Bridge. The second season consisted of a European Cup and a separate Grand Prix in the city center of Turin. The third season again only had one race, held the center of The Hague.
The Formula Zero competition did not prove to grow into what it promised to be during the first years. The team continued to innovate and moved on to the Formula Student competition. The Forze IV and V vehicles were purpose built for this competition.To this day, Forze is still the only student team that has competed with a fuel cell powered kart.
After competing in the Formula Student race twice, Forze made a big step towards the professional racing world. The next car, the Forze VI, became world's first full-size race car powered by hydrogen. Due to the lack of a FIA license for the Forze VI, registering for official races was difficult, and the car did not compete in any FIA backed competitions. To avoid this problem in the latest iteration of the Forze lineup, the Forze VII, the team bought a FIA licensed LMP3-monocoque from ADESS AG. With it, the team built the first hydrogen race car ever to compete against fossil fueled combustion vehicles in an official race. The Forze VII is Forze's latest model and competed in the Supercar Challenge 2017 during the Gamma Racing Days on TT Circuit Assen. In the 45 minute race, the Forze VII set the third fastest laptime in the Sports division, showing its potential. Unfortunately though, the hydrogen-electric race car was not able to drive the full race as it only had fuel on board for 30 minutes. One year later the Forze VIII drove the full 60 minute race at the Supercar Challenge 2018 during the Gamma Racing Days on TT Circuit Assen. This was a world first.
|23-08-2008||Formula Zero World Championship||Forze I||1st|
|Summer 2009||Formula Zero European Home Grand Prix||Forze II||3rd|
|11-10-2009||Formula Zero GP Torino||Forze II||1st|
|19-08-2010||Formula Zero GP The Hague||Forze III||1st|
|17-07-2011||Formula Student UK||Forze IV||DNF|
|15-07-2012||Formula Student UK||Forze V||55th|
|07-08-2017||Supercar Challenge Sport Division (Gamma Racing Days)||Forze VII||DNF|
|07-08-2017||Supercar Challenge Garage 56 (Gamma Racing Days)||Forze VII||1st|
|18-08-2018||Supercar Challenge Sport Division (Gamma Racing Days)||Forze VII||6th|
|18-08-2018||Supercar Challenge Garage 56 (Gamma Racing Days)||Forze VII||1st|
The team made several official and unofficial world records attempts to beat the FIA world land speed record for hydrogen powered fuel cell cars under 500 kg on the 1/8th mile. On 3 October 2010 the team tried to break the world record held by the Formula Zero Mark II at 11.2 seconds. This attempt took place on the island of Aruba on the Palo Marga International Raceway Park. Unfortunately due to heavy rain part of the island flooded and the attempt was pushed to 4 October. In a much smaller time frame with little time to prepare the vehicle for racing, the team managed to set a time of 9.77 seconds.
On 16 August 2011, the team organized an official attempt on the Princess Beatrixlaan in the center of The Hague. With the help of the Dutch national autosport federation (KNAF) a licensed track to FIA standards was put up. The Forze IV hydrogen vehicle drove a time of 10.45 seconds that day. After several months the FIA ruled that this measured time was not an official land speed record because of an error in the documents submitted by KNAF to the FIA.
In May 2015, the team took the Forze VI to the Nürburgring Norschleife. With ex-formula 1 driver Jan Lammers they broke the fuel cell lap record by over a minute, which was previously owned by the Nissan FCV X-Trail concept. Lammers accomplished a time of 10:42.58. This time still stands as the fastest fuel cell laptime today.
On 17 December 2015, the full-size Forze VI obtained the fastest electric lap record on Circuit Zandvoort with driver and also team member Kevin Schreiber behind the wheel. With a lap time of 2:04.519 the Forze VI has beaten the Tesla Roadster, which was the previous electric lap record holder on the famous Dutch race track. On 4 June 2017 Forze lost the record to InMotion.
All members of the team are TU Delft students, from the first year up to final year students and come from a wide range of faculties, including aerospace engineering, mechanical engineering and electrical engineering. The size of the team has grown over the years and has varied from forty to sixty students in the last few years. As of September 2017 the 11th board consist of 18 full-time members and is backed by nearly 30 part-timers.
|1||Edgar van Os||Ivo Salters||Koen Lubbers||Wouter Krul||Jan Jaap Treurniet||Michel Haak||Ruiz Knöbel||Menno Dalmijn||Rick Everaert||Mats Dirkzwager||Gijs Vermeij||Zhi Wei Cai|
|2||Koen Legrand||Teunis Schuurman||Edwin De Kreij||Charlie van der Schoor||Andrew Hagens||Albert Mulder||Jonas Brendelberger||Nils Barfknecht||Werner Jousma||Joost Berendsen||Steffen Strübing||Daan Treurniet|
|3||Leon de Poorter||Hielke Wesdorp||Mart Moerdijk||Matthijs Jansen||Ruben Burger||Remco Duba||Mart van Rijsingen||Marc Bisschop||Sieger Falkena||Sanne Nielsen||Levi de Vries|
|4||Bob Wittebrood||Jelle Boersma||Ruben Grandia||Martin Hartvelt||Anton Stoop||Thomas Boogaart||Coen Lastdrager||Karsten Bakker||Joost Wendling|
|5||Pieter Danneels||Thomas Arink||Matthijs Damen||Thijs van Winden||Joost Kortleve||Sjoerd van Empelen||Beau Smit||Thomas Barendse||Lorenza Mottinelli|
|6||Matthijs Koornneef||Tiemen Joustra||Kevin van Giessen||Jan Bot||Casper van Dien||Colin Heimans||Simon Vermeijlen||Joris Vlasblom|
|7||Niels van Duijkeren||Ruben Biesheuvel||Bob Ligtvoet||Jasper Schenk||Mathieu Blanke||Pepijn de Heer||Jonathan Linssen|
|8||Stefan van Seggelen||Philip Coenen||Oscar Verbeek||Tjebbe de Lint||Maurice Valentijn|
|9||Kevin Schreiber||Tinie Lam||Christophe Geuens||Andrea de Matteis|
|10||Lars Musters||Daniele Tarantini|
|11||Joerie Arkesteijn||Renko Siebols|
|12||Wouter van Gijseghem||Cristophe de Petter|
|13||Lode de Herdt||Koen Rodewijk|
|14||Thom Huisman||Steven Kortekaas|
|15||Maurice van der Maas||Wouter Kleynen|
|16||Jan Maarten Buis||David Veselka|
|17||Steijn van Schoor||Martijn Eppenga|
|18||Jelle de Vries||Simon Beets|
During the third season a new team member with karting experience became the third driver for the team. The driver, Charlie van der Schoor, was also more closely involved with the development of the Forze III. In season 4 the team said farewell to Martin Buitelaar as a driver. He was no longer a student and took on a full-time job outside the racing industry. For season 4 the team raced in the Formula Student (UK) competition and therefore needed more drivers to be able to compete in all the events. A selection among the team members was organised by Buitelaar where Marco van't Wout, Arie Nap and Lennert van den Boom were selected. For the 6th season only licensed race car drivers were allowed due to the increased performance of the car.
|1||Martin Buitelaar||Martin Buitelaar||Andrew Hagens||Andrew Hagens||Kevin Schreiber||Kevin Schreiber||Kevin Schreiber||Kevin Schreiber||Kevin Schreiber||Kevin Schreiber||Kevin Schreiber|
|2||Andrew Hagens||Andrew Hagens||Marco van't Wout||Jan Bot||Jan Bot||Jan Bot||Jan Bot||Jan Bot||Jan Bot||Jan Bot||Jan Bot|
|3||Charlie van der Schoor||Charlie van der Schoor||Charlie van der Schoor||Leo van der Eijk||Leo van der Eijk||Leo van der Eijk||Leo van der Eijk||Leo van der Eijk||Leo van der Eijk|
|4||Arie Nap||Arie Nap|
As a foundation Forze is completely dependent on her sponsors. Sponsors provide the team with software, materials, equipment or financial support. As of January 2018 BWT is the main sponsor of Forze. A list of sponsors of the team can be found on the website of Forze: