|Comune di Fossombrone|
|Province / Metropolitan city||Pesaro e Urbino (PU)|
|Frazioni||Calmazzo, Ghilardino, Isola di Fano, Mont'Alto, San Lazzaro, Torricella, Bellaguardia, San Gervasio, San Martino dei muri, San Piero in Tambis, Santa Maria della valle|
|• Mayor||Gabriele Bonci|
|• Total||106 km2 (41 sq mi)|
|Elevation||118 m (387 ft)|
|Population (31 December 2010)|
|• Density||93/km2 (240/sq mi)|
|Demonym(s)||Fossombronesi or Forsempronesi|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|Patron saint||Saint Aldebrandus of Fossombrone|
|Saint day||1 May|
The ancient Roman colony of Forum Sempronii took its name from Gaius Sempronius Gracchus.
Fossombrone was included in the Donation of Pepin, but remained subject to the Duchy of Spoleto until 1198, when it passed under Papal rule. The Malatesta sold it to the famous Federico III da Montefeltro, under whom the city flourished. Also positive for the city was the reign of the della Rovere dukes, who enlarged it (in particular, Francesco Maria II expanded the settlement in the lower area up to the Metauro river). In 1631 it returned to the Papal States, and was annexed to Italy in 1860.
The city and its environs abound in antiquities, especially inscriptions. Noteworthy remains are the statue of the god Vertumnus; the Furlo Pass, constructed by the Emperor Vespasian to shorten the passage of that mountain; the bridge of Trajan (115) near Calmazzo, and the bridge now called Ponte della Concordia, originally built in 292 by Diocletian, both over the Metaurus.
- Fossombrone Cathedral: built in neoclassical style in 1776–1784.
- Sant'Agostino: (14th century, enlarged in the 18th century). The façade with the coat of arms of the House of Malatesta. The interior houses a canvas by Federico Zuccari.
- San Filippo: deconsecrated church with frescoes and paintings, now used for cultural events.
- San Francesco: located in piazza Dante built in the 18th century at the site of a church of Santa Francesca Romana. The façade has an incomplete sandstone relief by Domenico Rosselli, depicting the Madonna and child with Sts Francis and Bernardino. It was damaged in World War II. The interior is Neoclassica and houses a main altarpiece by Guerrieri depicting a Crucifixion with Saints Francis and Jerome, and a 17th-century crucifix.*Ducal Palace, attributed to Francesco di Giorgio Martini and Girolamo Genga, and built for Cardinal Giuliano della Rovere, brother of the Duke Guidobaldo II. Notable are the Renaissance court and the Cardinal's chapel.
- Santi Giovanni Battista e Floriano
- Corte Bassa, a 16th-century residence of the Dukes of Urbino. The Corte Bassa is instead from the 13th century[clarification needed], and was later renewed under Federico da Montefeltro with a notable Renaissance façade and pavement. The duke Guidobaldo I stayed here frequently, and also died here.
- Palazzo Comunale (Town Hall, 16th century).
- Palazzo Vescovile ("Bishop's Palace", built from 1479). It has a Renaissance façade with a portico and a fresco of the Crucifixion attributed to Bartolomeo di Gentile (1493).
- Rocca Malatestiana (13th to 15th century) now in ruin.
- FC Fossombrone, a football club whose strip is produced by Dirk Bikkembergs, a Belgian fashion designer.
- Entraigues-sur-la-Sorgue, France
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Fossombrone". Encyclopædia Britannica. 10 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. pp. 731–732.
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Herbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). "article name needed". Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton.