St Peter's Church, Foston
|OS grid reference|
|• London||105 mi (169 km) S|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|EU Parliament||East Midlands|
Foston is a village and a civil parish in the South Kesteven district of Lincolnshire, England. The village is situated 5 miles (8 km) northwest of Grantham. The A1 road runs through the parish and borders the south of the village. The population of the civil parish at the 2011 census was 525.
According to A Dictionary of British Place Names, Foston derives from "a farmstead or a village of a man called Fotr"; Fotr being an Old Scandinavian person name. In the Domesday Book, Foston is written as 'Foztun'.
In Domesday there are entries for two manors in the Hundred of Loveden at Foston. Between the two there were 64 households, with 12 villagers, 6 smallholders, and 43 freemen. There were 16 ploughlands and 100 acres (0.4 km2) of meadow. The manorial lord of one manor in 1066 was Thorfridh, this transferred by 1086 to Hervey; the other in 1066, Earl Ralph the constable, transferred to Count Alan of Brittany who was also Tenant-in-chief to King William I for both manors.
In 1872 White's Directory reported that Foston had a population of 329 within a parish of 2,180 acres (9 km2), the land of which largely belonged to the Earl of Dysart. The ecclesiastical parish was a joint benefice with Long Bennington under the patronage of Queen Victoria. The impropriator was the Earl of Dysart, but the tithes (tax income from parishioners derived from their profit on sales, or extraction of produce and animals, typically to the tenth part) were commuted after an enclosure of 1793 [under the 1773 Inclosure Act]. A National School was built in 1847. The nearest railway station was at Hougham. Trades listed in 1872 included three tailors, four shopkeepers, two shoemakers, a cattle salesman, a corn miller, a butcher, a carpenter, a blacksmith, a machine owner, a harness maker who was also an assistant overseer, two carriers—horse drawn wagon operators carrying goods and sometimes people between places of trade—operating between the village and both Newark and Grantham, and seven farmers, four of whom were also graziers. There were the licensed victuallers of The White Horse, The Duke William and The Black Boy public houses. The victualler of The Black Boy was also a wheelwright.
Foston contains five listed buildings. The Grade I parish Church of St Peter on Church Street dates to the late 12th century, with later additions and changes, including, in 1859, those by Charles Kirk, son to the senior Charles Kirk. Foston's Grade II listed buildings on Main Street are: the brick built Manor Farmhouse, dating to the late 18th century; the late 18th-century 'Renard', a red brick house converted from two cottages; and The Old Hall, a red brick house dating at its earliest to 1647. On Newark Hill is The Old Post Office, a Grade II brick house dating to the early 19th century.
- Ordnance Survey: Landranger map sheet 130 Grantham (Sleaford & Bourne) (Map). Ordnance Survey. 2011. ISBN 9780319229293.
- "Ordnance Survey: 1:50,000 Scale Gazetteer" (csv (download)). www.ordnancesurvey.co.uk. Ordnance Survey. 1 January 2016. Retrieved 18 February 2016.
- "Civil Parish population 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 17 May 2016.
- Mills, Anthony David (2003); A Dictionary of British Place Names, Oxford University Press, revised edition (2011), p.193. ISBN 019960908X
- "Foston", Open Domesday, University of Hull. Retrieved 25 December 2018
- White, William (1872), Whites Directory of Lincolnshire, p.660
- Historic England. "Foston Mill (498115)". PastScape. Retrieved 25 December 2018.
- Historic England. "Church of St. Peter (Grade I) (1360062)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 25 December 2018.
- Historic England. "Manor Farmhouse (Grade II) (1062879)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 25 December 2018.
- Historic England. "Renard (Grade II) (1360063)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 25 December 2018.
- Historic England. "The Old Hall (Grade II) (1062878)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 25 December 2018.
- Historic England. "The Old Post Office (Grade II) (1062877)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 25 December 2018.
Media related to Foston, Lincolnshire at Wikimedia Commons