Fota Wildlife Park
|Date opened||Summer 1983|
|Location||Fota Island, County Cork, Ireland|
|Land area||75 acres (30 ha)|
|Number of species||80|
|Annual visitors||365,396 (2013)|
Fota Wildlife Park is a 75-acre (30 ha) wildlife park located on Fota Island, near Carrigtwohill, County Cork, Ireland. Opened in 1983, the park is home to nearly 30 mammal and 50 bird species. Some of the animals roam freely with the visitors, such as the ring-tailed lemurs and wallabies, while larger animals, including the giraffe and bison, live in paddocks with barriers that are intended to be unobtrusive for visitors to view the animals in a more natural environment. Fota Wildlife Park also has red pandas, tapirs, siamang gibbons and other types of animals.
History and development
Fota Island was the former home of the Smith-Barry family, descendants of Normans who came to Ireland in the 12th century. While the family’s lands were originally more extensive, they dwindled over time until they were restricted to Fota Island. The estate was sold to University College Cork in 1975.
In the meantime, Dublin Zoo had reached maximum development with the space available. So in 1979, the director of Dublin Zoo proposed to the Zoological Society of Ireland Council that a wildlife park should be established, and the site at Fota Island was proposed. The same year it was formally agreed that the society would establish a wildlife park on 70 acres (28 ha) at Fota. University College Cork offered the land free of charge under license agreement. Fota Wildlife Park became a joint project of the Zoological Society of Ireland and University College Cork. Fundraising committees were set up in both Dublin and Cork. All the funds for the development were raised from public subscriptions, apart from a grant from Bord Fáilte for the perimeter fence.
Cheetahs, by their nature, will not work for food if they do not have to, and to exercise the animals and for behavioral enrichment reasons, the park installed a "Cheetah Run" in 2006. This device suspends food items on a wire that travels 10 feet (3.0 m) off the ground, at approximately 65 kilometres per hour (40 mph).
As part of the park's conservation and education mandate, an education centre was opened, and runs courses on a range of topics including ecology and conservation. These are aimed at students at primary school and secondary school level, and the centre also runs summer camps during school holidays. Every year, almost 13,000 students pass through Fota's education centre.
Big cats and tropical house
Fota Wildlife Park celebrated its 30th anniversary on 22 June 2013, and following this anniversary, announced the addition of a "Tropical House" and 27 acre "Asian Sanctuary". As of 2015 a habitat for Sumatran tigers was opened, with enclosures for Asian lions and Indian rhinos planned as later additions to the "Asian Sanctuary". The lion tailed macaques (already housed elsewhere in the park) and other existing animals have (or are planned) to move to this new section.
List of animals
The animals and birds at Fota Wildlife Park originate from a variety of habitats, many of which are threatened with degradation through human activity. Below is the list of some of these habitats and some associated animals in the park:
- Hot Deserts
- Temperate Grasslands and Deserts
- Tropical Savanna
- Indian peafowl
- Helmeted guineafowl
- Rothschild giraffe
- Common zebra
- Cheetah (including Sudan cheetah)
- Tropical Forests
- Brazilian tapir
- Ring-tailed lemur
- Black and white ruffed lemurs
- Red ruffed lemurs
- Black spider monkey
- White faced saki
- Squirrel monkey
- Lion-tailed macaques
- Black and white colobus
- Siamang gibbon
- White-handed gibbon
- Agile gibbon
- Temperate Forests
- "Fota and Dublin Zoo spend €810k on feeding animals". Irish Examiner. 3 December 2014.
- "Fota House History". Archived from the original on 13 June 2011.
- "The History of the Park". Fota Wildlife Park (official site). Retrieved 24 May 2015.
- "About Us". Fota Wildlife Park (official site). Retrieved 24 May 2015.
- "Meet the animals of Fota — and the people who care for them every day". Irish Examiner. 6 July 2014.
- "Fota Wildlife Park celebrates 30th birthday". BreakingNews.ie. June 2013.
- "New arrivals at Fota draw record number of visitors". Irish Examiner. 2 August 2014.
- "The real tigers have arrived at Fota Park". Evening Echo. 30 May 2014.
- "Sumatran Tiger, Fota Wildlife Park, Cork, Ireland". Fota Wildlife Park (Official site). Retrieved 24 May 2015.
- "Varadkar to consider funding Fota Wildlife Park development". Irish Times. 25 June 2014.
- "FOTA CELEBRATES BIRTH OF 1st BABY CHEETAH IN 5 YEARS". FotaWildlife.ie. Retrieved 24 May 2015.