Fothergilla major

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Fothergilla major
Fothergilla major (Witch alder).JPG
Fothergilla major

Vulnerable (NatureServe)[1]
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Core eudicots
Order: Saxifragales
Family: Hamamelidaceae
Genus: Fothergilla
Species: F. major
Binomial name
Fothergilla major

Fothergilla major (large witch alder, mountain witch alder) is a species of flowering plant in the genus Fothergilla, family Hamamelidaceae, that is native to woodland and swamps in the Allegheny Mountains of southeastern United States. It is a deciduous shrub growing to 2.5 m (8 ft 2 in) with fragrant white bottlebrush flowers appearing along with, or before, the glossy leaves. The leaves often turn brilliant shades of red and orange in autumn.[2]

This plant is named for John Fothergill (physician). The Latin specific epithet major means "larger".[3] It has gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit.[4]


  1. ^ Fothergilla major NatureServe
  2. ^ RHS A-Z encyclopedia of garden plants. United Kingdom: Dorling Kindersley. 2008. p. 1136. ISBN 1405332964. 
  3. ^ Harrison, Lorraine (2012). RHS Latin for gardeners. United Kingdom: Mitchell Beazley. p. 224. ISBN 9781845337315. 
  4. ^ "Fothergilla major AGM". Royal Horticultural Society. Retrieved 27 July 2013. 
  • Flint, Franklin F. (July 1957). "Megasporogenesis and Megagametogenesis in Fothergilla gardeni Murr. and Fothergilla Major Lodd". Transactions of the American Microscopical Society. Blackwell Publishing. 76 (3): 307–311. doi:10.2307/3223894.