|Fotis Constantine Kafatos|
|Born||Φώτης Κωνσταντίνος Καφάτος
April 16, 1940 
Heraklion, Crete, Greece
|Institutions||Imperial College London
European Research Council
European Molecular Biology Laboratory
|Thesis||The escape of moths from the cocoon: biochemical, physiological, morphological, and developmental studies (1965)|
|Notable awards||Fellow of the Royal Society
Member of the National Academy of Sciences
Robert Koch Prize (Gold, 2010)
Fotis Constantine Kafatos (born 16 April 1940) is a Greek biologist. Between 2005-2010 he was the founding president of the European Research Council (ERC) and member of its Scientific Council. He remains Honorary President of the ERC.
At the beginning of his career, he contributed to the development of the Complementary DNA (cDNA) cloning technology and worked on the mechanisms of cellular differentiation leading to the formation of the eggs in insects. He has particular interest in malaria research and used his knowledge of the genetics and molecular biology of insects to understand how the insect vector copes with the Plasmodium parasite. He also participated in the sequencing of the genome of the mosquito Anopheles gambiae completed in 2002.
Kafatos was sponsored by Anne Gruner Schlumberger to study in the United States of America. He received a Bachelor of Science degree from Cornell University, and a Ph.D. from Harvard University on entomology in1965.
He was Assistant Professor and later Professor and Chairman of the department of Cellular and Developmental Biology of Harvard University, Professor of Biology at the University of Athens and at the University of Crete, director of the Institute of Molecular Biology and Biotechnology (IMBB) of the Foundation for Research & Technology – Hellas in Heraklion and third Director-General of the European Molecular Biology Laboratory from 1993 to 2005. Since 2005, he has been a professor at Imperial College in London. Since 2008, he is the President of the European Research Council.
Fotis Kafatos is an influential Greek biologist, having had a pivotal role in triggering the interest of the Greek government for Science, with the establishment of the Faculty of Biology in the University of Athens, the Faculty of Biology in the University of Crete and the IMBB in Heraklion.
Honors, awards and society memberships
He is a member of the Royal Society of London, the Pontifical Academy of Sciences, the Académie des Sciences, the National Academy of Sciences (since 1982), the European Molecular Biology Organization (EMBO).
In recognition to his contribution to the development of Biomedical research in Europe, he was awarded a 25th anniversary special prize by the Louis-Jeantet Foundation in 2008. Most recently he was awarded the Robert Koch Gold Medal 2010 and the Leibniz Medal 2011, as well as the BioMalPar/EviMalaR Lifetime Achievement Award in 2011.
- Kafatos, F. (2008). "Straight talk with...Fotis Kafatos". Nature Medicine 14 (9): 902–903. doi:10.1038/nm0908-902. PMID 18776875.
- Efstratiadis, A.; Kafatos, F. C.; Maxam, A. M.; Maniatis, T. (1976). "Enzymatic in vitro synthesis of globin genes". Cell 7 (2): 279–288. doi:10.1016/0092-8674(76)90027-1. PMID 60178.
- Jones, C. W.; Rosenthal, N.; Rodakis, G. C.; Kafatos, F. C. (1979). "Evolution of two major chorion multigene families as inferred from cloned cDNA and protein sequences". Cell 18 (4): 1317–1332. doi:10.1016/0092-8674(79)90242-3. PMID 519771.
- Dimopoulos, G.; Müller, H. M.; Kafatos, F. C. (1999). "How does Anopheles gambiae kill malaria parasites?". Parassitologia 41 (1–3): 169–175. PMID 10697851.
- Kafatos, F. (2005). "Chairman explains Europe's research council". Nature 438 (7069): 723. Bibcode:2005Natur.438..723.. doi:10.1038/438723a. PMID 16340980.
- Lescai, F. (2008). "Interview with Professor Fotis C. Kafatos, President of the European Research Council". New Biotechnology 25 (1): 35–36. doi:10.1016/j.nbt.2008.04.006. PMID 18504013.
- Antonoyiannakis, M.; Hemmelskamp, J.; Kafatos, F. C. (2009). "The European Research Council Takes Flight". Cell 136 (5): 805–809. doi:10.1016/j.cell.2009.02.031. PMID 19269357.
- Gilbert, N. (2010). "The labours of Fotis Kafatos". Nature 464 (7285): 20. doi:10.1038/464020a. PMID 20203577.
- Holt, A.; Subramanian, M.; Halpern, A.; Sutton, G.; Charlab, R.; Nusskern, R.; Wincker, P.; Clark, G.; Ribeiro, M.; Wides, R.; Salzberg, S. L.; Loftus, B.; Yandell, M.; Majoros, W. H.; Rusch, D. B.; Lai, Z.; Kraft, C. L.; Abril, J. F.; Anthouard, V.; Arensburger, P.; Atkinson, P. W.; Baden, H.; De Berardinis, V.; Baldwin, D.; Benes, V.; Biedler, J.; Blass, C.; Bolanos, R.; Boscus, D.; et al. (Oct 2002). "The genome sequence of the malaria mosquito Anopheles gambiae". Science 298 (5591): 129–149. Bibcode:2002Sci...298..129H. doi:10.1126/science.1076181. ISSN 0036-8075. PMID 12364791.
- Zheng, L.; Saunders, R. D.; Fortini, D.; Della Torre, A.; Coluzzi, M.; Glover, D. M.; Kafatos, F. C. (1991). "Low-resolution genome map of the malaria mosquito Anopheles gambiae". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 88 (24): 11187–11191. Bibcode:1991PNAS...8811187Z. doi:10.1073/pnas.88.24.11187. PMC 53099. PMID 1763031.
- "Fotis Kafatos: the model mentor". Rtdinfo 50 (August 2006).
- Kafatos, Fotis (1965). The escape of moths from the cocoon: biochemical, physiological, morphological, and developmental studies (PhD thesis). Harvard University.
- Hoffmann, J. A.; Kafatos, F. C.; Janeway, C. A.; Ezekowitz, R. A. (1999). "Phylogenetic Perspectives in Innate Immunity". Science 284 (5418): 1313–1318. Bibcode:1999Sci...284.1313H. doi:10.1126/science.284.5418.1313. PMID 10334979.
- Abbott, A. (1993). "Kafatos to be EMBL director; promises greater opportunity". Nature 362 (6417): 198. Bibcode:1993Natur.362Q.198A. doi:10.1038/362198a0. PMID 8459842.
- Brief history of EMBL
- Butcher, J. (2008). "Fotis Kafatos: President of the European Research Council". The Lancet 371 (9610): 379. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(08)60189-0.
- The 2008 Louis-Jeantet Prize-Winners
- Personal page, with partial reference list
- Biography at European Research Council
- PubMed references (free full text references)
- Video and audio interview with Kafatos at Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health