Fould family

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Marguerite Fould, wife of Edgard Stern [fr], painted in 1889.
Noémie de Rothschild, née Halphen, in 1909

The Fould family is a family of French Jewish descent known for success in banking.[1] It was founded by Beer Léon Fould, a wine-dealer's son from Lorraine, who moved to Paris in 1784 to establish a banking business.[2][3] The name comes from the Hessian city of Fulda.

Family tree[edit]


  1. ^ Barbier, Frédéric (1991). Finance et Politique : La Dynastie des Fould : XVIIIe-XXe siècle (in French). Paris: A. Colin. ISBN 0220037531.
  2. ^ Barbier, Frédéric (1989). "Les origines de la maison Fould : Beer Léon et Bénédict Fould (vers 1740–1864)". Revue Historique. 281 (569): 159–192. JSTOR 40954842.
  3. ^ Smith, Michael Stephen (2006). The Emergence of Modern Business Enterprise in France: 1800–1930. Harvard University Press. p. 52. ISBN 0674019393.

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