Foundation Stock Service Program
The Foundation Stock Service (FSS) Program is a breed registry of the American Kennel Club in which breeders can record the birth and parentage of a rare breed they are working to establish in the United States. These dogs provide the foundation stock from which an AKC fully recognized breed might result. These breeds cannot participate in AKC events until at least 150 individual dogs are registered. Thereafter, provisional competition in various events is allowed.
Current FSS breeds
As of 2019, 66 breeds are recognized in the Foundation Stock Service (FSS) Program.
Dogs in the American Kennel Club Foundation Stock Service are:
Breeds rejected by the FSS
In the summer of 2006, the AKC/FSS rejected inclusion of the Volpino Italiano, citing similarities with the American Eskimo Dog. The Volpino is recognized internationally by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale and its member kennel clubs. In the United States, the breed is recognized for conformation showing by the United Kennel Club and the American Rare Breed Association.