Foundation for Defense of Democracies
|Type||Public policy think tank|
The Foundation for Defense of Democracies (FDD) is a policy institute (or think tank) based in Washington, D.C., focusing on national security and foreign policy. Its political leanings have been described variously as nonpartisan, hawkish and neoconservative. FDD holds events throughout the year, including its annual Washington Forum, briefings on Capitol Hill, expert roundtables for public officials, diplomats, and military officers, book releases, and panel discussions and debates within the policy community.
Led by CEO Mark Dubowitz, FDD's Iran Program seeks to "address the threat posed by the Islamic Republic of Iran to America and its allies, FDD conducts detailed research, develops actionable and comprehensive policy options, and appears regularly in media."  FDD says it does this through attacking Iran's "most vulnerable points: its worldwide media operations, its standing in the United States and Europe, its finances, and its efforts to support terrorist activities abroad". Specifically, FDD concerns itself with Iran's nuclear ambitions through its Iran Energy Project and Iran's human rights abuses through its Iran Human Rights Project.
In 2008, FDD founded the Iran Energy Project which "conducts extensive research on ways to deny the Iranian regime the profits of its energy sector". The Wall Street Journal credited FDD with bringing "the idea of gasoline sanctions to political attention." FDD's bi-partisan approach to advocating sanctions legislation has earned praise from Congressmen in both parties. Congressman Howard Berman (D-CA) thanked the organization saying "FDD has been one the most committed and creative voices in Washington regarding the Iran nuclear issue and specifically Iran sanctions". FDD's efforts to target the Iranian regime's finances has gone beyond energy sanctions. The organization pushed for sanctions against the Central Bank of the Islamic Republic of Iran and its use of Society for Worldwide Interbank Financial Telecommunication (SWIFT) to perform transactions. According to The Wall Street Journal, FDD "has done most of the spadework on the issue".
FDD's Long War Journal
FDD's Long War Journal is a FDD project dedicated to reporting the Global War on Terror launched by the United States and its allies following the attacks of September 11, 2001. Under the direction of FDD senior fellows Bill Roggio and Thomas Joscelyn, this website covers stories about countries such as Afghanistan, Pakistan, Somalia, Syria, and Iraq and follows the actions of al Qaeda and its affiliates. According to the Columbia Journalism Review, "Roggio's greatest service, then, may be the way he picks up where the mainstream press leaves off, giving readers a simultaneously more specific and holistic understanding of the battlefield".
For years, Syria has been a focus of FDD's research because of its alignment with Iran and support for organizations such as Hezbollah. In 2012, as the Arab Spring spread to Syria, FDD launched "The Syria Project" to support dissident efforts in removing the Assad regime. In that effort, FDD facilitated a Skype call between dissidents and U.S. journalists in 2012 and produced multiple studies and memos urging U.S. officials to act.
The International Relations Center features a report on the foundation on its "Right Web" website, a program of the left of center think tank Institute for Policy Studies which, according to its mission statement, seeks to "check the militaristic drift of the country". The report states that "although the FDD is an ardent critic of terrorism, it has not criticized actions taken by Israel against Palestinians that arguably fall into this category". It terms the FDD a "prominent member of the web of neoconservative-aligned think tanks", including the American Enterprise Institute and the Hudson Institute.[unreliable source?]
The left-leaning political blog ThinkProgress has criticized FDD for "alarmist rhetoric and fear mongering",[unreliable source?] for example in April 2002 when they aired a 30-second television ad campaign called "Suicide Strategy" that was described by critics as "conflating" Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat with the likes of Osama bin Laden and Saddam Hussein. As FDD explained it: "a militant Islamic terrorist who 'martyrs' himself by hijacking a plane and flying it into the World Trade Center"—i.e., the September 11 attacks—"is no different from a militant Islamic terrorist who 'martyrs' himself by strapping explosives to his body and walking into a hotel"—i.e., Palestinian suicide attacks.
FDD does not take foreign funding, stating on its website that it "does not accept donations from any foreign governments." 
- Roland Arnall: $1,802,000
- Edgar M. and Charles Bronfman: $1,050,000
- Michael Steinhardt: $850,000
- Abramson Family Foundation (of Leonard Abramson): $822,523
- Bernard Marcus: $600,000
- Lewis Ranieri: $350,000
ThinkProgress concluded, "Most of the major donors are active philanthropists to 'pro-Israel' causes both in the U.S. and internationally. With the disclosure of its donor rolls, it becomes increasingly apparent that FDD’s advocacy of U.S. military intervention in the Middle East, its hawkish stance against Iran, and its defense of right-wing Israeli policy is consistent with its donors’ interests in 'pro-Israel' advocacy".
- "The Tactical and Strategic Use of Small Arms by Terrorists", Daveed Gartenstein and Daniel Trombly, October 2012.
- "Terror in the Peaceable Kingdom: Understanding and Addressing Violent Extremism in Canada", Daveed Gartenstein-Ross and Senator Linda Frum, July 2012.
- "Facebook Fatwa: Saudi Clerics, Wahhabi Islam and Social Media", Jonathan Schanzer and Steven Miller, May 2012.
- The Pasdaran: Inside Iran's Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps, Emanuele Ottolenghi, 2011.
- Palestinian Pulse: What Policymakers Can Learn From Palestinian Social Media, Jonathan Schanzer and Mark Dubowitz, 2010.
- The Afghanistan-Pakistan Theater: Militant Islam, Security & Stability, Clifford D. May and Daveed Gartenstein-Ross, 2010.
- From Energy Crisis to Energy Security, Clifford D. May and Daveed Gartenstein-Ross, 2008.
- "Foundation for Defense of Democracies Internship Opportunities". School of Foreign Service - Georgetown University. 2018-07-09. Archived from the original on 2019-01-30. Retrieved 2019-01-30.
- Richter, Paul (March 14, 2012). "Chinese bank pulls out of Pakistan-Iran pipeline project". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on 2013-03-01. Retrieved 14 March 2013.
- NPR Staff (October 10, 2012). "Better To Elect Islamists Than Have Dictators?". NPR. Archived from the original on 2013-03-25. Retrieved 14 March 2013.
- Guttman, Nathan (January 1, 2013). "Laying Groundwork for Life After Syria's Assad". Forward. Archived from the original on 2013-04-03. Retrieved 14 March 2013.
- "Foreign Policy Experts Examine Democracies in the Mideast". C-SPAN. Archived from the original on 2013-06-09. Retrieved 14 March 2013.
- Flaccus, Gillian (November 22, 2012). "2 of 4 terror suspects were new Islamic converts". The Associated Press. Archived from the original on 2013-06-07. Retrieved 14 March 2013.
- "He Was a Tireless Critic of the Iran Deal. Now He Insists He Wanted to Save It". The New York Times. 2018-05-13. ISSN 0362-4331. Archived from the original on 2018-05-14. Retrieved 2018-05-14.
- Morgan, Wesley (May 9, 2019). "McMaster blasts former colleagues as 'danger to the Constitution'". Politico.
- Foster, Peter (February 24, 2013). "Obama's new head boy". The Telegraph (UK). Archived from the original on 2013-02-28. Retrieved 12 March 2013.
- "Most Favored Democracy". The American Conservative. Archived from the original on 2013-04-24. Retrieved 2013-03-12.
- "The Return of the Neocons". The Daily Beast. Archived from the original on 2013-03-15. Retrieved 2013-03-12.
- Jonsson, Patrik (June 11, 2009). "Shooting of two soldiers in Little Rock puts focus on 'lone wolf' Islamic extremists". Christian Science Monitor. Archived from the original on 2013-04-06. Retrieved 13 March 2013.
- "FDD | Mark Dubowitz". FDD. Archived from the original on 2019-01-30. Retrieved 2019-01-30.
- "FDD | Iran Program". FDD. Archived from the original on 2019-01-30. Retrieved 2019-01-30.
- "Iran Research". Foundation for Defense of Democracies. Archived from the original on 2012-08-26. Retrieved 29 January 2013.
- "Iran Energy Project". Foundation for Defense of Democracies. Archived from the original on 2013-03-16. Retrieved 29 January 2013.
- "Iran Human Rights Project". Foundation for Defense of Democracies. Archived from the original on 17 March 2013. Retrieved 29 January 2013.
- "Iran - Energy". Foundation for Defense of Democracies. Archived from the original on 2013-01-21. Retrieved 29 January 2013.
- Editorial (2009-03-25). "Pain Iran Can Believe In". The Wall Street Journal. Archived from the original on 2017-10-10. Retrieved 2017-08-03.
- "Remarks by Rep. Howard Berman (D-CA)". Foundation for Defense of Democracies. Archived from the original on 29 May 2013. Retrieved 29 January 2013.
- Editorial (February 1, 2012). "Swift Sanctions on Iran". The Wall Street Journal. Archived from the original on 2017-10-10. Retrieved 2017-08-03.
- "About". The Long War Journal. Archived from the original on 2013-02-01. Retrieved 30 January 2013.
- Mcleary, Paul (March–April 2008). "Blogging the long war: Bill Roggio wants to be your source for conflict coverage". Columbia Journalism Review.
- Badran, Tony. "A Syria in minor key". NOW Lebanon. Archived from the original on 2013-01-18. Retrieved 31 January 2013.
- "The Syria Project". Foundation for Defense of Democracies. Archived from the original on 2014-11-24. Retrieved 31 January 2013.
- Zuka, Muhammad (February 12, 2012). "A Syrian resistance leader's plea to the world". CNN. Archived from the original on 2012-08-27. Retrieved 2013-01-31.
- "Project Milestones". Foundation for Defense of Democracies. Archived from the original on 2 June 2013. Retrieved 31 January 2013.
- Blumenthal, Sidney (July 30, 1986). "Left-wing thinkers". Transnational Institute. Transnational Institute. Archived from the original on 2011-06-07. Retrieved 2010-11-04.
- "Review: Discussion on The Current about minimum wages and executive compensation, January 29, 2007". CBC Radio Canada. June 14, 2007. Archived from the original on July 23, 2012. Retrieved 2010-11-04.
- Soley, Lawrence (September–October 1998). "Heritage Clones in the Heartland". Fairness & Accuracy in Reporting. FAIR. Archived from the original on 2010-11-07. Retrieved 2010-11-04.
- Ponte, Lowell (October 14, 2004). "The ABC's of Media Bias". FrontPageMagazine. FrontPageMagazine. Retrieved 2010-11-04.[dead link]
- "About Right Web". RightWeb. Archived from the original on 2013-01-21. Retrieved 2013-01-29.
- "Foundation for Defense of Democracies - Profile - Right Web - Institute for Policy Studies". Rightweb.irc-online.org. Archived from the original on 2012-11-05. Retrieved 2011-08-21.
- "Foundation for Defense of Democracies - Right Web Profile - Institute for Policy Studies - Right Web". Rightweb.irc-online.org. Archived from the original on 2012-11-05. Retrieved May 1, 2010.
- Clifton, Eli (19 July 2011). "EXCLUSIVE: Documents Shed Light On Those Underwriting The Foundation For Defense Of Democracies". ThinkProgress. Archived from the original on 2014-11-06. Retrieved 2014-11-06.
- "FDD | The Foundation for Defense of Democracies". FDD. Archived from the original on 2018-12-19. Retrieved 2019-01-30.
- "Form 990" (PDF). ThinkProgress. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2014-12-05. Retrieved 6 November 2014.
- "Forward 50 2015 - Paul Singer". The Forward. The Forward Association, Inc. 2015. Archived from the original on 2017-07-03. Retrieved 29 May 2017.
- Eli Clifton (2013-06-08). "Home Depot founder's quiet $10 million right-wing investment". Salon. Archived from the original on 2019-01-26. Retrieved 2019-02-07.