Fountain County's location in Indiana
|Elevation||551 ft (168 m)|
|GNIS feature ID||434710|
Portland was laid out in April 1828 by surveyor William Miller, Barnard Preble and Major Whitlocke. Keep's store, an early trading point at Portland, supplied goods to people along a lengthy stretch of the Wabash River. Sandford C. Cox in Personal Recollections of Early Settlements writes that "powder, lead, salt, iron, whiskey and leather were the staples of the trade in those days, and were exchanged for the productions of the country, such as beeswax, tallow, feathers, ginseng, furs, deer-skins, wild hops, etc." Portland grew to include 11 stores, a hotel, six physicians, various craftsmen and a "considerable population."
Fountain is located at Wabash River, at an elevation of approximately 560 feet. To the south is Bear Creek, which joins the Wabash on the western edge of town, and the wooded Portland Arch Nature Preserve.on the southeastern banks of the
- "Fountain, Indiana". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2009-10-17.
- Beckwith, H. W. (1881). "Shawnee Township". History of Fountain County. Chicago: H. H. Hill and N. Iddings. p. 343.
- Baker, Ronald L. (October 1995). From Needmore to Prosperity: Hoosier Place Names in Folklore and History. Indiana University Press. p. 136. ISBN 978-0-253-32866-3.
- "Fountain County". Jim Forte Postal History. Archived from the original on 7 September 2014. Retrieved 7 September 2014.
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