Fountain Inn, Ashurst

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Fountain Inn
Fountain Inn, Ashurst, West Sussex (Geograph Image 268324 99cb7330).jpg
The inn viewed from the south
Location Off Horsham Road, Ashurst, Steyning, West Sussex BN44 3AP, United Kingdom
Coordinates 50°55′58″N 0°19′17″W / 50.9328°N 0.3215°W / 50.9328; -0.3215Coordinates: 50°55′58″N 0°19′17″W / 50.9328°N 0.3215°W / 50.9328; -0.3215
Built 16th century
Restored Early 19th century
Architectural style(s) Georgian
Listed Building – Grade II
Official name: The Fountain Inn
Designated 9 May 1980
Reference no. 298322
Fountain Inn, Ashurst is located in West Sussex
Fountain Inn, Ashurst
Location of Fountain Inn in West Sussex

The Fountain Inn is a 16th-century public house in the village of Ashurst, in the Horsham district of West Sussex, England. After a period as a farmhouse, it was converted into the village inn and was extended and given a Georgian façade in the 18th century. English Heritage has listed the building at Grade II for its architectural and historical importance.

History[edit]

Ashurst is a small village and civil parish about 3 miles (5 km) north of the town of Steyning. The parish covers a large area (2,494 acres (1,009 ha))[1] and consists mostly of well-spaced farms and other scattered buildings, but a small settlement had developed around the Horsham—Steyning road by the early 16th century.[2] Many of the present buildings are 16th-century, although in some cases they replaced older buildings. Development spread along the road in the 17th century.[2]

The first inn in the parish was to the south of the main settlement, near Horsebridge Common. It existed by the 17th century and over time was known by at least three names, the last of which was The Fountain.[2] The building occupied by the present inn of that name was one of several timber-framed, partly tile-hung farmhouses in the centre of the village, opposite the village pond.[3][4] It became an inn under the sign of the Red Lion by 1788, and adopted the name Fountain Inn soon afterwards.[2]

In the early 19th century, the building was extended: an extra wing was added on the north side, perpendicular to the original structure, in brick. In contrast to the tiled roof of the older part, the newer wing had a roof of slate.[4] At the same time, the façade was altered from its original timber-framed appearance: the Georgian style, popular at the time, was adopted.[3]

Author Hilaire Belloc, who wrote extensively about Sussex in his fiction and non-fiction works, mentioned the Fountain Inn in his novel The Four Men: a Farrago; he wrote approvingly about the beer.[2][3]

In 1979, the pub was used to film the video for Wonderful Christmastime, Paul McCartney's Christmas song with his band Wings.[3][5]

Actor Sir Laurence Olivier lived just south of Ashurst, and the Fountain Inn was his local pub.[6]

The Fountain Inn was listed at Grade II by English Heritage on 9 May 1980;[4] this defines it as a "nationally important" building of "special interest".[7] As of February 2001, it was one of 1,628 Grade II listed buildings, and 1,726 listed buildings of all grades, in the district of Horsham.[8]

Architecture[edit]

The façade of the newer (east) part of the Fountain Inn, facing the road, was clad in painted cement during the 19th-century alterations. It has a range of two evenly spaced sash windows, a hipped roof of tiles, a steep-roofed entrance porch and two gable-end chimneys. The wing to the north is of brick with a slate-covered roof and sash windows. Both parts of the building have two storeys.[3][4] Inside, there is a smaller bar with a large inglenook, and a larger bar to the rear.[3][5]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "2001 Census: West Sussex – Population by Parish" (PDF). West Sussex County Council. 2001. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 June 2011. Retrieved 14 December 2009. 
  2. ^ a b c d e Hudson, T. P. (ed) (1986). "A History of the County of Sussex: Volume 6 Part 2: Bramber Rape (North-Western Part). Ashurst". Victoria County History of Sussex. British History Online. pp. 74–76. Retrieved 14 December 2009. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f Donald 2005, p. 20.
  4. ^ a b c d "Detailed Record: The Fountain Inn, Ashurst, Horsham, West Sussex". Images of England. English Heritage. 2007. Retrieved 14 December 2009. 
  5. ^ a b Sawday, Alastair (6 December 2007). "Top 10 cosy pubs". The Guardian. Guardian News and Media Ltd. Retrieved 13 December 2009. 
  6. ^ "Fountain Inn". The Daily Telegraph. Telegraph Media Group. 8 November 2010. Retrieved 9 November 2010. 
  7. ^ "Listed Buildings". English Heritage. 2010. Retrieved 7 December 2010. 
  8. ^ "Images of England — Statistics by County (West Sussex)". Images of England. English Heritage. 2007. Archived from the original on 14 October 2012. Retrieved 2 January 2013. 

Bibliography[edit]

  • Stuart, Donald (2005). Old Sussex Inns. Derby: The Breedon Books Publishing Co. ISBN 1-85983-448-5.