Fountain Lake Farm
Fountain Lake Farm (Wisconsin Farm Home of John Muir)
Entrance into Fountain Lake Farm
|Nearest city||Montello, Wisconsin
|Area||80 acres (32 ha)|
|NRHP Reference #||90000471|
|Added to NRHP||1990-06-21|
The Fountain Lake Farm, also known as the Wisconsin Farm Home of John Muir, is a historic farm and National Historic Landmark in rural Montello, Wisconsin, United States. The landmark covers part of the farm that was the home of pioneering conservationist John Muir from 1849 to 1856 and 1860 to 1862. Covering 80 acres (32 ha), the landmarked area is partly private property and partly in John Muir Memorial County Park, a minimally developed public park.
Description and history
John Muir came to the United States in 1849 as a ten-year-old immigrant with his father, who established a farm in Marquette County, Wisconsin. The 160-acre (65 ha) farm property, later expanded to 320 acres (130 ha), in what was essentially undeveloped wilderness, would play a significant role in developing the young Muir's appreciation of nature and the development of his conservation ethic. Muir explored Fountain Lake, partially on the farm property and the farm's namesake, and the ecosystems that surrounded it. The family farmstead, whose exact location is a subject of debate, was located near a knoll on the southern 80 acres (32 ha) that make up the landmark designation.
The landmarked area is a rectangle consisting of those southern 80 acres of the Muir property. It is bounded on the north by Gillette Drive, and includes of a parcel of private land at its northeast corner, as well as the northeastern part of the county's John Muir Memorial Park. The private land, about 18 acres (7.3 ha), includes the area that is believed to have been the site of the Muir's farmhouse, probably where a small 20th-century house now stands. The southern and western portions of the landmarked area are accessible via a trail that encircles the lake and via a parking area on County Road F. There are no standing structures in the landmarked area that date to the Muir's ownership, although there is photographic evidence that some trees survive from the Muir period.
- List of National Historic Landmarks in Wisconsin
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Marquette County, Wisconsin
- National Park Service (2007-01-23). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
- "Fountain Lake Farm (Wisconsin Farm Home of John Muir)". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. Retrieved 2008-01-02.
- Donald L. Stevens, Jr. (1989-05-11). "National Register of Historic Places Inventory-Nomination / National Historic Landmark Nomination: Fountain Lake Farm / Wisconsin Farm Home of John Muir" (pdf). National Park Service. and Accompanying 7 photos, from 1988 and c.1863. (1.18 MB)