Four-point play

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Jamal Crawford is the NBA leader in career four-point plays.

In basketball, a four-point play is the rare occasion when an offensive player shoots and makes a three-point field goal while simultaneously being fouled by a defensive player, resulting in a shooting foul and one free throw attempt, or a two-point field goal and is intentionally or flagrantly fouled on the shot and is awarded two free throws. If the player makes his/her free throws, they will have scored four points on a single possession.[1] The short-lived American Basketball League first introduced the four-point play to the game of basketball, and it was later adopted by the American Basketball Association during its inaugural season.[2] The National Basketball Association (NBA) introduced that rule in 1979; FIBA in 1984; the NCAA in 1986 (men only) and 1987 (women); middle and high schools in 1987; and the WNBA in 1997.

Sam Smith of the Chicago Bulls completed the first four-point play in NBA history on October 21, 1979, in a game against the Milwaukee Bucks.[3] Dale Ellis was the first player in NBA history to complete two four-point plays in the same game when he did so in a win against the Sacramento Kings on January 26, 1988.[4] As of June 19, 2016, Jamal Crawford is the league's career leader in regular-season four-point plays with 47, and 52 when including postseason play.[5]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Four-point play – (Basketball): Definition". Retrieved January 10, 2009. 
  2. ^ "4-Point Play Gets Approval By ABA". Associated Press. July 11, 1967. Retrieved June 17, 2013. 
  3. ^ Sam Smith. "Taxing dilemma for NBA's 2010 free agents". July 27, 2009. Retrieved on October 11, 2009.
  4. ^ "Ellis sets record with two four-point plays". Moscow-Pullman Daily News. Associated Press. January 27, 1988. Retrieved June 26, 2016. 
  5. ^ Astramskas, David (February 21, 2016). "JAMAL CRAWFORD CONTINUES TO ADD TO HIS UNTOUCHABLE NBA RECORD FOR 4-POINT PLAYS". Retrieved February 27, 2016.