Farmoor Reservoir, Oxfordshire
|Female, Kampinos Forest, Poland|
The four-spotted chaser (Libellula quadrimaculata), known in North America as the four-spotted skimmer, is a dragonfly of the family Libellulidae found widely throughout Europe, Asia, and North America.
The adult stage is found between April to early September in the United Kingdom, and from mid-May to mid-August in Ireland. Larvae have a two-year developmental cycle. Adults feed predominantly on mosquitoes, gnats, and midges; the larvae feed primarily on other aquatic insect larvae and on tadpoles.
There is a variant form, praenubila Newman, which has exaggerated wing spots. This is believed to be related to water temperatures during larval development, and appears to be more common in Europe than in the Americas.
This active dragonfly mainly lives by ponds, vernal pools, and slow flowing rivers; they are most common in June and July.
The brown colour and the four spots on the wings make them unmistakable.
The male is considered to be highly aggressive and will defend a given territory from incursions from other males of the species. The male is known to form preferences for prominent perches and will often return to the same perches around the margins of pools and ponds whilst it patrols for intruders. Males have a favourable view of the sky during perching. They look toward a section of the sky away from the sun, with less radiation but a higher UV and blue-violet saturation. Thus, the fovea of the eyes, which is sensitive to blue and UV radiation, is optimally suited to the detection of flying insects against the blue sky. Both sexes are prolific fliers, and mating takes place in the air, rather than on perches or amongst the vegetation. The female lays her eggs on floating vegetation. They tend to be easier to approach than Broad-bodied Chasers.
Hunting and returning to a favoured perch at a pond
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- "FAQ ALASKA - Frequently Asked Questions About Alaska". sled.alaska.edu. 17 January 2006. Archived from the original on 10 February 2010. Retrieved 28 January 2010.
- Sauseng, Manuela; Pabst, Maria-Anna; Kral, Karl (20 November 2003). "The dragonfly Libellula quadrimaculata (Odonata: Libellulidae) makes optimal use of the dorsal fovea of the compound eyes during perching" (PDF). European Journal of Entomology. 100 (4): 475–479. doi:10.14411/eje.2003.071. ISSN 1210-5759.
- "Emperor Dragonfly". Norfolk Dragons. Archived from the original on 27 May 2009. Retrieved 16 February 2010.
- "An Unexpected Predator of the Four Spot Chaser Dragonfly". 23 January 2009. Archived from the original on 17 November 2017. Retrieved 15 February 2010.
- USA Distribution Data
- Four-spotted chaser British Dragonfly Society
- Photo of L. q. praenubila
- Libellula quadrimaculata at AzOdes
- Libellula quadrimaculata at funet.fi
- Libellula quadrimaculata profile and photos
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Data related to Libellula quadrimaculata at Wikispecies