Four Corners/Geneva Ave (MBTA station)
The newly-opened station in July 2013
|Location||Washington and Erie streets,
|Platforms||2 side platforms|
|Connections||MBTA Bus: 19, 23|
|Opened||July 1, 2013|
|Previous names||Mount Bowdoin (closed 1944)|
|Passengers (2016)||191 (weekday average boardings)|
Four Corners/Geneva Ave is a passenger rail station on the MBTA Commuter Rail's Fairmount Line located in the Mount Bowdoin section of Dorchester, Boston. The new station was being built as part of the Fairmount Line Improvement Project, which includes four new stations as well as infrastructure upgrades. It has two full-length high-level platforms with walkways connecting them to Washington Street and Geneva Avenue. Four Corners/Geneva Ave opened on July 1, 2013, along with Newmarket.
Background and history
Service on the Fairmount Line (as the Dorchester Branch of the Norfolk County Railroad and later the New York and New England Railroad and New York, New Haven and Hartford Railroad) began in 1855 and lasted until 1944. A station named Mt. Bowdoin was located near the Washington Street overpass. Originally one story, the small inbound station building was awkwardly modified with a second story below street level when the tracks were lowered to eliminate problematic grade crossings. There was a small shelter on the outbound side; a set of wooden steps leading to the outbound side are still extant.
Restoration and planning
Temporary shuttle service resumed on the Fairmount Line in 1979 during Southwest Corridor construction, with stops at Uphams Corner, Morton Street, and Fairmount. The MBTA planned to drop the shuttle after service resumed on the Southwest Corridor in 1987, but the service was locally popular and the Fairmount Line became a permanent part of the system. A plan called the Indigo Line was later advanced by community activists in which the line would add stations and more frequent service to closely resemble a conventional rapid transit line. The Indigo Line plan was not adopted, but elements of it were included when the Commonwealth of Massachusetts agreed in 2005 to make improvements on the Fairmount Line part of its legally binding commitment to mitigate increased air pollution from the Big Dig. Among the selected improvements in the Fairmount Line Improvements project were four new commuter rail stations on the line, including one at Geneva Avenue. The stations were originally to be completed by the end of 2011.
After several years of planning, the contract to build the station went out to bid on September 4, 2009. By the October 7 bid opening date, the MBTA had received six bid packages for the project, which had an estimated value of $19,620,700. The apparent low bidder and eventual awardee of the contract was S&R Construction Enterprises of Newton, New Hampshire with a bid of $17,687,300.75. Notice to proceed was given on January 28, 2010; however, the groundbreaking for the $17.7 million station did not occur until July 16, 2010.
The inbound platform and ramp were mostly complete by the end of 2011. By April 2012, the station was 75% complete, with the inbound platform and the Geneva Avenue ramp structures in place. Construction delays were caused by the need to redesign the outbound ramp to Washington Street due to a rock vein that was missed by test borings. By September, the inbound platform was nearly completion, while the ramps to the outbound platform were still incomplete.
On September 13, 2012, the MBTA announced that the station was planned to open in April 2013. By mid-October, the station was at 82% completion. However, the opening was delayed to July 1, 2013 to match Newmarket for publicity purposes. Ribbon-cutting ceremonies were held at Newmarket, Four Corners/Geneva Ave, and Talbot Ave on July 17, 2013.
The station is served by two MBTA Bus routes:
- 19 - Fields Corner Station - Kenmore or Ruggles Station via Grove Hall & Dudley Station (on Geneva Avenue)
- 23 - Ashmont Station - Ruggles Station via Washington Street
- Rocheleau, Matt (25 June 2013). "Commuter rail gives Fairmount a boost". Boston Globe. Retrieved 5 July 2013.
- Nelson\Nygaard Consulting Associates (April 2017). "Increasing Ridership on the Fairmount Line: Final Report" (PDF). The Boston Foundation. p. 12.
- Anderson, Travis (July 17, 2010). "Officials mark groundbreaking of Four Corners train station". The Boston Globe. Retrieved July 18, 2010.
- Leo S. (26 December 2009). "Railroad Stations in Dorchester". Dorchester Atheneum. Retrieved 19 June 2012.
- Humphrey, Thomas J.; Clark, Norton D. (1986). Boston's Commuter Rail: Second Section. Boston Street Railway Association. p. 39. ISBN 9780938315025.
- "State Implementation Plan – Transit Commitments Monthly Status Report" (PDF). Massachusetts Department of Transportation. 19 April 2012. Retrieved 19 June 2012.
- Staff. "Awarded Contract: H74CN05". Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority. Retrieved July 29, 2010.
- Rosso, Patrick (13 September 2012). "Fairmount Indigo Planning Initiative looks for economic jolt along rail line". Boston Globe. Retrieved 14 September 2012.
- "State Implementation Plan – Transit Commitments Monthly Status Report" (PDF). Massachusetts Department of Transportation. 18 October 2012. Retrieved 18 December 2012.
- "Patrick Administration Opens Three New Commuter Rail Stations". Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority. 17 July 2013. Retrieved 17 July 2013.
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