Four Mile Run
|Four Mile Run|
Four Mile Run near Arlington's Jennie Dean Park
|- location||Fairfax County, Virginia (paved over)|
|- elevation||339 feet (103 m)|
|Potomac River in Arlington County, Virginia|
|Length||9.35 miles (15 km)|
|Basin size||19.7 square miles (51 km2), 17 square miles (44 km2) in the non-tidal area|
|GNIS feature ID||1478084|
Four Mile Run is a 9.4-mile-long (15.1 km) stream in Northern Virginia that starts near Interstate 66, at Gordon Avenue in Fairfax County and proceeds southeast through Falls Church to Arlington County in the U.S. state of Virginia. Most of the stretch is parkland and is paralleled by two paved non-motorized transport and recreational trails, the Washington & Old Dominion Railroad Trail and the Four Mile Run Trail.
In Arlington, the stream passes from the Piedmont through the Fall Line to the Atlantic Coastal Plain in a deep forested valley. The stream's eastern section forms the boundary of Arlington County and the City of Alexandria. The stream eventually empties out into the Potomac River immediately south of Reagan National Airport.
The name Four Mile Run does not derive from its length. A 2001 documentary film alleged that the name resulted from a misreading of an old map. The documentary stated that an old flour mill near the Potomac gave the stream the name of "Flour Mill Run", but the map had faded letters. A more plausible explanation is that the mouth of Four Mile Run is approximately four miles upriver from the mouth of Hunting Creek (sometimes called Great Hunting Creek) which is formed by the confluence of Cameron Run and Hooff's Run where they join the Potomac on the southern boundary of the City of Alexandria. Four Mile Run runs into the tidal Four Mile Creek within 1 mile (2 km) of the mouth of the stream.
During the colonial period and the 19th century, several watermills existed in and near the fall line of the stream. Although none of these mills remain intact, the foundation of one is still in place (Arlington Mill constructed in 1836; later rebuilt as Barcroft Mill in 1880 after being destroyed by Union Army troops during the Civil War). The mill provided locals with flour ground from corn and wheat that was grown locally and shipped up the stream on flatboats. Located west of the stream between Columbia Pike and 10th Street South in Arlington, the foundation presently supports an automobile repair shop.
General George Washington owned on the southwest side of the stream in the fall line a large parcel of wooded property which he surveyed in 1785, several years after the Revolutionary War ended. As part of this survey, Washington made a cut in the trunk of an oak tree to mark a corner of his property where a tributary (Long Branch (upper)) entered the main stream. A portion of this trunk remains preserved in a neighborhood library (Glencarlyn Library), while a columnar monument marks the tree's original location.
From about 1860 to 1968, the Washington and Old Dominion Railroad and its predecessors traveled along most of the stream's length in Arlington. The Northern Virginia Regional Park Authority's Washington and Old Dominion Railroad Trail now travels along the stream on the former railroad's route. In the late 19th century, a small resort at Carlin Springs became a favorite respite for Washingtonians who would ride the train out for bathing and dancing. Carlin Springs was located within the present day Glencarlyn Park, along Four Mile Run, and surrounding Glencarlyn Neighborhood.
From 1906 to 1915, the Luna Park amusement complex operated on the banks of Four Mile Run near its confluence with the Potomac. According to publicity, it was an "architecture fashion plate," featuring ballrooms, restaurants, roller coasters, shoot-the-chutes, circus performances, and exhilarating rides. Early residents frequently cooled off in the deeper pools of Four Mile Run, even though the water must have been polluted by sewage. Not until the 1930s did the county build a centralized sewage system, with a treatment plant on the site of the old Luna Park.
In June 1972, rains from Hurricane Agnes caused the stream to overflow its banks, producing extensive flooding which was especially severe in a populated area on the coastal plain. As a result of this event, the Army Corps of Engineers channelized the stream in this and other areas, covering the stream's natural banks with riprap.
Tributaries are listed in order from the source of Four Mile Run to its mouth.
|Coordinates of Tributary
|Long Branch (upper)||Southwest|
|Doctors Run (Doctors Branch)||Northeast|
|Long Branch (lower)||North|
The parks through or adjacent to which Four Mile Run flows, from the source of the stream to its mouth, are:
- Washington & Old Dominion Railroad Regional Park, Arlington
- Crossman Park, Falls Church
- Benjamin Banneker Park, Arlington
- Madison Manor Park, Arlington
- Bon Air Park, Arlington
- Bluemont Junction Park, Arlington (narrow trail from Fields Park to Bluemont Park that runs perpendicular to Four Mile Run)
- Bluemont Park, Arlington
- Glencarlyn Park, Arlington
- Barcroft Park, Arlington
- Shirlington Park, Arlington
- Jennie Dean Park, Arlington
- Four Mile Run Park, Alexandria
- George Washington Memorial Parkway (national park), Arlington and Alexandria
The paved trails that travel near Four Mile Run are:
- Washington & Old Dominion Railroad Trail, Arlington
- Four Mile Run Trail, Arlington
- Wayne F. Anderson Bikeway, Arlington and Alexandria
Connecting trails are:
It is possible to bicycle or hike a triangle route that passes along all three of these trails.
- "Four Mile Run". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey.
- U.S. Geological Survey. National Hydrography Dataset high-resolution flowline data. The National Map Archived 2012-04-05 at WebCite, accessed August 15, 2011
- Coordinates of Four Mile Creek at confluence with Potomac River:
- Eckert, Dave (2001). "Reviving an Urban Stream: Four Mile Run Documentary". Film narrated by Frank Stasio. Fairfax, Virginia: Northern Virginia Regional Commission. Retrieved 2013-02-26.
- Stetson, Charles (1932), "Washington's Woods on Four Mile Run", Records of the Columbia Historical Society, Washington, D.C.: Historical Society of Washington, D.C., JSTOR 40067515
- Coordinates of site of Arlington Mill:
- Walk through George Washington's Forest in official "WALK Arlington" website of the Arlington County, Virginia, government. Accessed June 10, 2008.
- Glencarlyn Library in Arlington County, Virginia, government official website Accessed June 10, 2008.
- Coordinates of monument at former site of tree that George Washington marked:
- "Crossman Park / Four Mile Run" in "City Parks" page in City of Falls Church Government official website Accessed June 10, 2008.
- Benjamin Banneker Park in Arlington County Government official website Accessed June 10, 2008.
- Madison Manor Park in Arlington County Government official website Accessed June 10, 2008.
- Bon Air Park in Arlington County Government official website Accessed June 10, 2008.
- Bluemont Junction Park in Arlington County Government official website Accessed June 10, 2008.
- Bluemont Park in Arlington County Government official website Accessed June 10, 2008.
- Glencarlyn Park in Arlington County Government official website Accessed June 10, 2008.
- Barcroft Park Archived 2009-10-19 at WebCite in Arlington County Government official website Accessed June 10, 2008.
- Shirlington Park in Arlington County Government official website Accessed June 10, 2008.
- Jennie Dean Park in Arlington County Government official website Accessed June 10, 2008.
- "Four Mile Run Park" in City of Alexandria Government official website
- "George Washington Memorial Parkway" in U.S. National Park Service official website Accessed June 10, 2008
- "Four Mile Run Trail" in "Arlington County 2005 Small Bike Map" in Arlington County Government official website Accessed June 10, 2008.
- "Wayne F. Anderson Bikeway" in "Arlington (mileage marker 0)" section Archived 2011-08-07 at the Wayback Machine. of "Map of the W&OD" Archived 2010-11-24 at the Wayback Machine. in The Friends of the Washington & Old Dominion Trail official website Accessed June 10, 2008.
- Rose. C.B., Jr., Arlington County, Virginia: a history; Arlington Historical Society, Arlington, VA, 1976
- Glencarlyn Remembered: The First 100 Years; Glencarlyn Citizens Association, Arlington, VA, 1994