Four Oaks, North Carolina
Four Oaks, North Carolina
Looking south from the Main Street at the railroad crossing.
|• Mayor||Linwood Parker (R)|
|• Total||1.63 sq mi (4.22 km2)|
|• Land||1.62 sq mi (4.20 km2)|
|• Water||0.008 sq mi (0.02 km2)|
|Elevation||197 ft (60 m)|
| • Estimate |
|• Density||1,184/sq mi (457.0/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-5 (Eastern (EST))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-4 (EDT)|
|GNIS feature ID||985337|
Four Oaks—named for four oak tree sprouts growing from a stump—incorporated in 1889, and at that time had a post office, a public gin, saw and grist mills, a saloon and general store, a church, and a population of 25. Cotton and tobacco farming were notable industries in the surrounding community.
A brick school for white students opened in 1923. By the 1930s, several rural schools near Four Oaks consolidated, and enrollment at the brick school increased to over 1,900 students, after which the school claimed to be the world's "largest rural consolidated school". An arsonist destroyed the building in 1987. An elementary school for black students opened in 1928.
Street lights were installed in 1907, and by 1910 Four Oaks had a population of 329.
Four Oaks is in central Johnston County, southwest of Smithfield, the county seat. The town limits extend northeast to Holts Lake on Black Creek, a tributary of the Neuse River. U.S. Route 301 (Wellons Street) is the main road through the town, leading northeast 7 miles (11 km) to Smithfield and southwest 8 miles (13 km) to Benson. Interstate 95, running parallel to US 301, passes the southeast corner of Four Oaks, with access from Exit 87.
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the census of 2000, there were 1,424 people, 614 households, and 386 families residing in the town. The population density was 1,341.5 people per square mile (518.7/km²). There were 667 housing units at an average density of 628.4 per square mile (243.0/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 78.23% White, 16.22% African American, 0.63% Native American, 0.14% Asian, 3.72% from other races, and 1.05% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 7.65% of the population. The oldest living person in Four Oaks is 96 years old.
There were 614 households out of which 30.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.3% were married couples living together, 15.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.1% were non-families. 32.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.32 and the average family size was 2.91.
In the town, the population was spread out with 24.6% under the age of 18, 8.4% from 18 to 24, 28.1% from 25 to 44, 23.7% from 45 to 64, and 15.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 83.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 78.4 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $29,427, and the median income for a family was $41,875. Males had a median income of $31,875 versus $25,444 for females. The per capita income for the town was $17,473. About 12.8% of families and 17.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 23.0% of those under age 18 and 21.1% of those age 65 or over.
Arts and culture
The Four Oaks Acorn Festival features live entertainment, vendors, children's activities, a barbecue competition, and an antique car and tractor show.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Four Oaks
- "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Census Summary File 1 (G001): Four Oaks town, North Carolina". American Factfinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved October 12, 2018.
- Johnson, K. Todd; Barbour, Durwood (1997). Johnston County. Arcadia. pp. 7, 8, 60, 62, 63, 102.
- Branson, Levi; Branson, Myrtle C., eds. (1889). Branson's North Carolina Business Directory, 1890. 7. L. Branson. pp. 393, 396, 397.
- Laws and Resolutions of the State of North Carolina. J. Turner, Jr. 1889. p. 842.
- Capace, Nancy (1999). Encyclopedia of North Carolina. Somerset. p. 256.
- "Four Oaks Comm ercial Historic District" (PDF). North Carolina State Historic Preservation Office. Retrieved September 1, 2018.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on April 26, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "Four Oaks Acorn Festival". Johnston County Visitors Bureau. Retrieved September 1, 2018.
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