Four Orchestral Pieces (Bruckner)
|by Anton Bruckner|
The composer, c. 1860
|English||Four Orchestral Pieces|
|Composed||12 October 1862Linz:|
|Performed||12 October 1924Klosterneuburg:|
During the summer of 1862, when studying with Otto Kitzler in Linz, Bruckner composed his first instrumental work, the String Quartet in C minor. In the fall of the same year, he tried his hand at purely orchestral composition. These "first arms" resulted in four small orchestral pieces: the Marsch (March) in D minor and the so-called Drei Sätze für Orchester (Three Pieces for orchestra).
The original manuscript is found in the Kizler-Studienbuch:
- Sketch and discarded first Trio for the March in D minor: pp. 251–252
- March in D minor: pp. 253–265 (dated 12 October 1862)
- Three Orchestral Pieces: pp. 266–271 (undated), 272–277 (dated 10 November 1862), 278–286 (dated 16 November 1862)
A score of the Four Orchestral Pieces was given by Bruckner to his friend Cyrill Hynais, together with that of the Overture in G minor and the Symphony in F minor. These scores are stored in the archive of the Stadt- und Landesbibliothek of Vienna.
The Four Orchestral Pieces were performed first by Franz Moißl on 12 October 1924 in Klosterneuburg. A piano transcription of the March by Max Auer (1930) was put in Band III/2, pp. 29-32 of the Göllerich/Auer biography. The orchestral score of the Three Orchestral Pieces was put in Band III/2, pp. 34-60 of the Göllerich/Auer biography.
March in D minor
The March is in three parts:
- March (A-BA), 26 bars, with internal repetition,
- Trio (A-B) in B-flat major, 16 bars, with internal repetition,
- Reprise of the March, followed by a 5-bar long coda.
Duration: about 4 minutes.
Three Pieces for orchestra
- Moderato in E-flat major, 36 bars,
- Andante in E minor, 48 bars,
- Moderato com moto in F major, 45 bars.
Total duration: about 9 minutes.
The main interest of the Four Orchestral Pieces lies in the fact that with these pieces Bruckner for the first time touched upon that field which he was to make his life's work: pure and absolute orchestral music. The March and the central section of the final piece have some slight indications of the Bruckner to come. In the March, it is interesting to note that it already contains a passage which will recur much later in the Eighth Symphony.
The Four Orchestral Pieces have been recorded about ten times, mainly as addendum to the recording of a symphony. The first recording occurred in c. 1937 by Ludwig K. Mayer with the Berlin City Orchestra (78 rpm: Polydor 57213).
Some of the recordings can be downloaded from John Berky’s site.
- U. Harten, pp. 271-272
- U. Harten, p. 318
- C. van Zwol, p. 678
- Anton Bruckner Critical Complete Edition – Early orchestral and instrumental works
- Hans-Hubert Schönzeler: Four Pieces and Requiem, 1970
- "Downloadable samples of the small orchestral pieces on John Berky's site". Abruckner.com. Retrieved 2014-06-30.
- August Göllerich, Anton Bruckner. Ein Lebens- und Schaffens-Bild, c. 1922 – posthumous edited by Max Auer by G. Bosse, Regensburg, 1932
- Anton Bruckner - Sämtliche Werke, Band XII/4: Vier Orchesterstücke (1862), Musikwissenschaftlicher Verlag der Internationalen Bruckner-Gesellschaft, Hans Jancik and Rüdiger Bornhöft (Editors), Vienna, 1996
- Anton Bruckner - Sämtliche Werke, Band XXV: Das Kitzler Studienbuch (1861-1863), facsimile, Musikwissenschaftlicher Verlag der Internationalen Bruckner-Gesellschaft, Paul Hawkshaw and Erich Wolfgang Partsch (Editors), Vienna, 2015
- Uwe Harten, Anton Bruckner. Ein Handbuch. Residenz Verlag, Salzburg, 1996. ISBN 3-7017-1030-9.
- Cornelis van Zwol, Anton Bruckner 1824–1896 – Leven en werken, uitg. Thoth, Bussum, Netherlands, 2012. ISBN 978-90-6868-590-9