Four Perils

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The Four Perils (Chinese: 四凶; pinyin: Sì Xiōng) are four malevolent beings that existed in Chinese mythology, and the antagonistic counterparts of the Four Benevolent Animals.

Book of Documents[edit]

In the Book of Documents, they are defined as the "Four Evildoers" (Chinese: 四罪; pinyin: Sì Zuì)[1]:

Zuo Zhuan and Shanhaijing[edit]

In the Zuo Zhuan and the Shanhaijing, they are defined as:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 《尚书·舜典》 (Canon of Shun, Book of Documents):“流共工于幽州,放欢兜于崇山,窜三苗于三危,殛鲧于羽山,四罪而天下咸服。”《史记·卷一·五帝本纪第一》中记载,“欢兜进言共工,尧曰不可而试之公师,共工果淫辟。四岳举鲧治鸿水,尧以为不可,岳强请试之,试之而无功,故百姓不便。三苗在江淮、荆州数为乱,于是舜归而言于帝,请流共工于幽陵,以变北狄;放欢兜于崇山,以变南蛮;迁三苗于三卫,以变西戎;殛鲧于羽山,四罪而天下咸服。”
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