4 World Trade Center
|4 World Trade Center|
150 Greenwich Street
150 Greenwich Street|
New York City, New York, U.S.
|Construction started||August 2009|
|Opened||November 13, 2013|
|Cost||USD $1.67 billion|
|Owner||Port Authority of New York and New Jersey|
|Roof||978 ft (298 m)|
|Floor count||78 (including 4 basement floors)|
|Floor area||2,500,004 sq ft (232,258.0 m2)|
|Design and construction|
|Structural engineer||Leslie E. Robertson Associates|
|Main contractor||Tishman Realty & Construction|
|Rebuilding of the|
World Trade Center
4 World Trade Center (also known by its street address, 150 Greenwich Street) is a skyscraper that is part of the World Trade Center complex in New York City. The building's groundbreaking took place in January 2008, and it opened to tenants and the public on November 13, 2013. It is located on the southeast corner of the 16-acre (6.5 ha) World Trade Center site, where the original nine-story 4 World Trade Center stood. Pritzker Prize-winning architect Fumihiko Maki was awarded the contract to design the 978-foot-tall (298 m) building. As of 2016[update], it is the third tallest skyscraper at the rebuilt World Trade Center, behind One and 3 World Trade Center. However, 2 World Trade Center is expected to surpass the height of both 3 and 4 WTC upon completion. The total floor space of the building includes 1.8 million square feet (167,000 square meters) of office and retail space.
Original building (1975–2001)
The original 4 World Trade Center was a 9-story low-rise office building that was completed in 1975 that was 118 ft (36 m) tall and in the southeast corner of the site, in Lower Manhattan, New York City. The building's major tenants were Deutsche Bank (Floor 4, 5, and 6) and the New York Board of Trade (Floors 7, 8, and 9). The building's side facing Liberty Street housed the entrance to The Mall at the World Trade Center on the basement concourse level of the WTC. It was practically destroyed as a result of the collapse of the South Tower during the September 11 attacks and its remains were later demolished to make way for the construction of the new skyscrapers, Four World Trade Center and Three World Trade Center. 4 World Trade Center was home to five commodities exchanges on what was at the time one of the world's largest trading floors (featured in the Eddie Murphy movie Trading Places).
|9||New York Board of Trade|
|8||New York Board of Trade|
|7||New York Board of Trade, Gelderman, Inc., Overseas-Chinese Banking Corp., New York Stock Exchange|
|5||Deutsche Bank, Green Coffee Association|
|L||Tony Gemelli's Restaurant & Bar, Marche Restaurant, Flowers of the World, XandO-Cosi, Sam Goody, Structure, Banana Republic|
|C||The Mall at the World Trade Center|
Groundbreaking took place in 2008. The building reached street level in November 2009. The safety cocoon was installed December 2010. The first glass was installed May 2011. In November 2010, three PureCell fuel cells were delivered at the World Trade Center site which together will provide about 30% of the tower’s power. The structural engineer for the building is Leslie E. Robertson Associates, New York City.
On February 16, 2012, one of the building's construction crane cables snapped while lifting steel, causing the steel to fall 40 stories from the building, landing on a flat bed truck. No injuries were reported. Construction on the building eventually resumed after the accident.
On June 25, 2012, steel topped out at floor 72. Structural steel and concrete completed by June 1, 2013, followed rapidly by the removal of construction fencing in September 2013 and the building's opening in November 13, 2013. Cost of construction of 4 World Trade Center was 1.67 billion USD, funded by insurance funds and Liberty bonds. The first tenants to move in were two government agencies, and as of July 2015[update], the building is 62% leased.
Layout and occupancy
The above-ground portion of the building dedicated for retail use (which consists of the ground floor, the three floors immediately above the ground floor as well as the two floors below ground), will accommodate offices using two distinct floor shapes. From floors 7 through 46, the typical floor space is 36,350 square feet (3,376 square meters) in the shape of a parallelogram (which is designed to echo the configuration of the site). From floors 48 through 63 the floor space will be 28,000 sq ft (2,600 square meters) in the shape of a trapezoid, shaped so that it opens toward the tip of Manhattan Island and also triangulated to face One World Trade Center. The tower includes five levels of mechanical floors. The New York Power Authority selected UTC Power to provide 12 PureCell Model 400 fuel cells that will be used to provide electricity, water and heat. According to the developer, the systems combined will rank as one of the largest installations of fuel cells in the world. The upper floors of the building have no interior columns.
The Port Authority of New York and New Jersey (PANYNJ) plans to lease approximately 600,766 square feet (55,813.0 m2) in 4 World Trade Center for its new headquarters. PANYNJ was formerly headquartered in 1 World Trade Center before it was destroyed. The Port Authority signed a 30-year lease. The lower levels of the building are used by retail businesses, including Eataly, and connects via an underground "retail and transportation concourse" to the PATH station. The city of New York also plans to lease 581,642 square feet (54,036.3 m2) of space, which is not in use yet, in the completed building. A February 2017 announcement by Spotify that it would lease floors 62 through 72 for its United States headquarters, along with a subsequent expansion announcement that July, brought 4 World Trade Center to full occupancy. SportsNet New York, carrier of New York Mets broadcasts, moved its headquarters from 1271 Avenue of the Americas to an 83,000 square feet (7,700 m2) facility in 4 WTC.
The building's elevators are supplied by Schindler, and are the second fastest in North America at 9 m/s (1800 fpm). 
- "|| World Trade Center ||". Wtc.com. 2013-12-31. Retrieved 2014-02-03.
- Dunlap, David W. "A 977-Foot Tower You May Not See, Assuming You've Even Heard of It". City Room. Retrieved 2016-10-26.
- "Stacking Diagram | 4 World Trade Center | Silverstein Properties". 4wtc.com. Retrieved 2014-02-03.
- 4 World Trade Center at Emporis
- "4 World Trade Center". SkyscraperPage.
- 4 World Trade Center at Structurae
- "4 World Trade Center". Skyscraper Center. CTBUH. Retrieved 2017-01-18.
- Newman, Andy; Correal, Annie (November 13, 2013). "New York Today: Skyward". The New York Times.
- "Designs for the Three World Trade Center Towers Unveiled" (Press release). Lower Manhattan Development Corporation. September 7, 2006. Retrieved 2010-05-23.
- 150 Greenwich St., Maki and Associates, Architectural Fact Sheet - September 2006. Retrieved 2007-02-09
- Pogrebin, Robin (May 3, 2006). "Richard Rogers to Design Tower at Ground Zero". The New York Times. Retrieved 2006-06-22.
- "CNN.com Specials". Retrieved 21 March 2017.
- Troianovski, Anton (November 1, 2010). "WTC Taps Fuel Cells". The Wall Street Journal.
- Post, Nadine M. (September 18, 2006). "Ground Zero Office Designs Hailed as Hopeful Symbols". Engineering News-Record. p. 12.
- Rosenberg, Rebecca; Messing, Philip (February 17, 2012). "35-ton WTC plunge". New York Post. Retrieved 21 February 2012.
- http://m.citybizlist.com/city/details/18/215317[permanent dead link]
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-07-28. Retrieved 2012-07-20.
- "NYC's World Trade Tower Opens 40% Empty in Revival". Bloomberg.com. 2013-11-12. Retrieved 2015-10-05.
- 29 July 2015. "Silverstein Signs Four More Tenants at 4WTC". Real Estate Weekly. Retrieved 5 October 2015. – via HighBeam (subscription required)
- Dunlap, David W. (July 9, 2008). "Answers About Ground Zero Rebuilding". The New York Times. Retrieved 2008-07-09.
- Fishbein, Rebecca. "First Look Inside The Gigantic New Eataly Location At 4 World Trade Center". Gothamist. Archived from the original on 2016-08-29. Retrieved 2016-09-01.
- "Spotify deal makes 4 World Trade Center the complex's first fully leased tower". Curbed NY. Retrieved 2018-04-23.
- "Spotify Expands by 100K SF at 4 WTC, Bringing Tower to Full Occupancy". Commercial Observer. 2017-07-05. Retrieved 2018-04-23.
- "Mets broadcaster SportsNet moves HQ to 4 WTC". The Real Deal. November 9, 2015. Retrieved May 11, 2018.
- "Spotify Will Move to WTC; Expand Staff by 1,000". The Wall Street Journal. February 15, 2017. Retrieved February 16, 2017.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Four World Trade Center.|
- 4WTC.com - 4 World Trade Center - 150 Greenwich Street - Official site
- Main WTC site - Additional Information
- Tower 4 Design Update (video)
- Images of 150 Greenwich Street (images)
- Images of 4 WTC (Images)
- Emporis entry on this building
|Lists of tenants of the WTC complex on 9/11|
|One WTC | Two WTC | Four WTC | Five WTC | Six WTC | Seven WTC|