4 World Trade Center

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4 World Trade Center
4 WTC May 17 2013.jpg
Alternative names4 WTC
150 Greenwich Street
General information
TypeOffice, Retail
Architectural styleModern
Location150 Greenwich Street
Manhattan, New York City, New York, U.S.
Coordinates40°42′37″N 74°00′43″W / 40.7104°N 74.0119°W / 40.7104; -74.0119Coordinates: 40°42′37″N 74°00′43″W / 40.7104°N 74.0119°W / 40.7104; -74.0119
Construction startedJanuary 2008; 14 years ago (2008-01)
OpenedNovember 13, 2013; 8 years ago (2013-11-13)[3]
CostUSD $1.67 billion[1]
OwnerSilverstein Properties
Roof978 ft (298 m)
Top floor74[2]
Technical details
Floor count78 (including 4 basement floors)
Floor area2,500,004 sq ft (232,258.0 m2)
Design and construction
ArchitectFumihiko Maki
DeveloperSilverstein Properties
Structural engineerLeslie E. Robertson Associates
Main contractorTishman Realty & Construction

4 World Trade Center (also known by its street address, 150 Greenwich Street) is a skyscraper that is part of the World Trade Center complex in New York City. It is located on the southeast corner of the 16-acre (6.5 ha) World Trade Center site, where the original nine-story 4 World Trade Center stood. Pritzker Prize-winning architect Fumihiko Maki was awarded the contract to design the 978 ft-tall (298 m) building.[8] It houses the headquarters of the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey (PANYNJ).[9]

The building's groundbreaking took place in January 2008, and it opened to tenants and the public on November 13, 2013.[10] As of 2016, it is the third tallest skyscraper at the rebuilt World Trade Center, behind One and 3 World Trade Center. However, 2 World Trade Center is expected to surpass the height of both 3 and 4 WTC upon completion.[11] The total floor space of the building includes 1.8 million square feet (167,000 square meters) of office and retail space.[12]

Original building (1975–2001)[edit]

The old 4 World Trade Center was a nine story low-rise office building completed in 1975 that was 118 ft (36 m) tall, and located in the southeast corner of the World Trade Center site. The building was designed by Minoru Yamasaki and Emery Roth & Sons. The first tenants, the Commodities Exchange Center, started to move into the building in January 1977.[13] On July 1, 1977 the Mercantile Traders finalized the move.[14] The building's major tenants were Deutsche Bank (Floor 4, 5, and 6) and the New York Board of Trade (Floors 7, 8, and 9). The building's side facing Liberty Street housed the entrance to The Mall at the World Trade Center on the basement concourse level of the WTC. Much of the southern two-thirds of the building was destroyed, and the remaining north portion virtually destroyed, as a result of the collapse of the South Tower during the September 11 attacks and its remains were later demolished to make way for the construction of new skyscrapers: 4 World Trade Center and 3 World Trade Center. 4 World Trade Center was home to five commodities exchanges on what was at the time one of the world's largest trading floors (featured in the Eddie Murphy movie Trading Places). Following the destruction of the building during 9/11, rescuers and surveyors exploring the building's basement discovered large amounts of gold and silver bullion in the vault; a sizeable amount of coins that had been stored there by the Bank of Nova Scotia were purchased in 2002 as cleanup efforts began by Lee S. Minshull of California, who then submitted the coins to Collector's Universe, the owner of PCGS; these coins come in one of two labeled coin slabs. The unique label of Collector's Universe and no coin grade was used on the earliest slabbed coins recovered from WTC4. PCGS graded and put their label on the later slabbed coins, and both sets have since entered the hands of collectors.[15]

FL# Companies
9 New York Board of Trade
8 New York Board of Trade
7 New York Board of Trade,[16] Gelderman, Inc.,[16] Overseas-Chinese Banking Corp.,[16] New York Stock Exchange
6 Deutsche Bank[16]
5 Deutsche Bank,[16] Green Coffee Association
4 Deutsche Bank[16]
L Tony Gemelli's Restaurant & Bar,[16] Marche Restaurant, Flowers of the World, XandO-Cosi, Structure, Banana Republic
C The Mall at the World Trade Center

Current building[edit]


Groundbreaking took place in 2008. The building reached street level in November 2009. The safety cocoon was installed December 2010. The first glass was installed May 2011. In November 2010, three PureCell fuel cells were delivered at the World Trade Center site which together will provide about 30% of the tower's power.[17] The structural engineer for the building is Leslie E. Robertson Associates, New York City. Robertson was also the chief engineer for the original Twin Towers in the 1960s.[18]

On February 16, 2012, one of the building's construction crane cables snapped while lifting steel, causing the steel to fall 40 stories from the building, landing on a flat bed truck. No severe injuries were reported, and the only reported injury was a fleeing worker who slipped and fell. Construction on the building eventually resumed after the accident.[19]

On June 25, 2012, steel topped out at floor 72.[20] Structural steel and concrete completed by June 1, 2013, followed by the removal of construction fencing in September 2013 and the building's opening on November 13, 2013.[21] Cost of construction of 4 World Trade Center was US$1.67 billion, funded by insurance funds and Liberty bonds.[1] The first tenants to move in were two government agencies,[22] and as of July 2015, the building is 62% leased.[23]


Layout and occupancy[edit]

4 World Trade Center reflecting water of the Hudson River, viewed from One World Observatory in 2017

The above-ground portion of the building dedicated for retail use (which consists of the ground floor, the three floors immediately above the ground floor as well as the two floors below ground), accommodates offices using two distinct floor shapes. From floors 7 through 46, the typical floor space is 36,350 square feet (3,376 square meters) in the shape of a parallelogram (which is designed to echo the configuration of the site).[11] From floors 48 through 63 the floor space is 28,000 sq ft (2,600 square meters) in the shape of a trapezoid, shaped so that it opens toward the tip of Manhattan Island and also triangulated to face One World Trade Center. The tower includes five levels of mechanical floors.[11] The New York Power Authority selected UTC Power to provide 12 PureCell Model 400 fuel cells that will be used to provide electricity, water and heat. According to the developer, the systems combined will rank as one of the largest installations of fuel cells in the world.[17] The upper floors of the building have no interior columns.

The PANYNJ is headquartered in 4 World Trade Center,[9] leasing approximately 600,766 sq ft (55,813.0 m2) in 4 World Trade Center for its new headquarters.[11][24] PANYNJ was formerly headquartered at 1 World Trade Center in the first World Trade Center complex before it was destroyed.[25] Afterwards the PANYNJ moved into 225 Park Avenue South in Midtown Manhattan, before returning to the World Trade Center in 2015.[26]

The lower levels of the building are used by retail businesses, including Eataly,[27] and connected via an underground "retail and transportation concourse" to the PATH's World Trade Center station and the New York City Subway's WTC Cortlandt station.[11] The city of New York also plans to lease 581,642 sq ft (54,036.3 m2) of space, which is not in use yet, in the completed building.[24] A February 2017 announcement by Spotify that it would lease floors 62 through 72 for its United States headquarters, along with a subsequent expansion announcement that July, brought 4 World Trade Center to full occupancy.[28][29] SportsNet New York, carrier of New York Mets broadcasts, moved its headquarters from 1271 Avenue of the Americas to an 83,000 sq ft (7,700 m2) facility in 4 WTC.[30] The SportsNet New York studios in 4 WTC also double as the New York City studios for NFL Network, hosting their morning show Good Morning Football.[31]

The building's elevators are supplied by Schindler, and are the second fastest in North America at 9 m/s (1800 fpm).[32]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b Dunlap, David W. "A 977-Foot Tower You May Not See, Assuming You've Even Heard of It". City Room. Retrieved October 26, 2016.
  2. ^ "Stacking Diagram | 4 World Trade Center | Silverstein Properties". 4wtc.com. Archived from the original on November 16, 2013. Retrieved February 3, 2014.
  3. ^ "|| World Trade Center ||". Wtc.com. December 31, 2013. Retrieved February 3, 2014.
  4. ^ 4 World Trade Center at Emporis
  5. ^ "4 World Trade Center". SkyscraperPage.
  6. ^ 4 World Trade Center at Structurae
  7. ^ "4 World Trade Center". Skyscraper Center. CTBUH. Retrieved January 18, 2017.
  8. ^ "Designs for the Three World Trade Center Towers Unveiled" (Press release). Lower Manhattan Development Corporation. September 7, 2006. Retrieved May 23, 2010.
  9. ^ a b "Contact Us". Port Authority of New York and New Jersey. Archived from the original on December 10, 2019. Retrieved January 5, 2019. The Port Authority of New York and New Jersey Corporate Offices 4 World Trade Center 150 Greenwich Street New York, NY 10007
  10. ^ Newman, Andy; Correal, Annie (November 13, 2013). "New York Today: Skyward". The New York Times.
  11. ^ a b c d e 150 Greenwich St., Maki and Associates, Architectural Fact Sheet - September 2006. Retrieved February 9, 2007
  12. ^ Pogrebin, Robin (May 3, 2006). "Richard Rogers to Design Tower at Ground Zero". The New York Times. Retrieved June 22, 2006.
  13. ^ "History of the Twin Towers". PANYNJ.gov. 2013. Archived from the original on December 28, 2013. Retrieved September 11, 2015.
  14. ^ "Mercantile Traders Move to Trade Center and a New Place to Shout About". The New York Times. New York City. July 2, 1977. p. 32. Retrieved February 19, 2022.
  15. ^ "'Sept. 11' Coins Carry Hefty Markups, Baggage". The Wall Street Journal. August 6, 2003. Retrieved October 9, 2019.
  16. ^ a b c d e f g "CNN.com Specials". Retrieved March 21, 2017.
  17. ^ a b Troianovski, Anton (November 1, 2010). "WTC Taps Fuel Cells". The Wall Street Journal.
  18. ^ Post, Nadine M. (September 18, 2006). "Ground Zero Office Designs Hailed as Hopeful Symbols". Engineering News-Record. p. 12.
  19. ^ Rosenberg, Rebecca; Messing, Philip (February 17, 2012). "35-ton WTC plunge". New York Post. Retrieved February 21, 2012.
  20. ^ http://m.citybizlist.com/city/details/18/215317[permanent dead link]
  21. ^ "Lower Manhattan: 4 World Trace Center (150 Greenwich Street)". Archived from the original on July 28, 2012. Retrieved July 20, 2012.
  22. ^ "NYC's World Trade Tower Opens 40% Empty in Revival". Bloomberg.com. November 12, 2013. Retrieved October 5, 2015.
  23. ^ "Silverstein Signs Four More Tenants at 4WTC". Real Estate Weekly. July 29, 2015. Archived from the original on February 20, 2016. Retrieved October 5, 2015. – via HighBeam (subscription required)
  24. ^ a b Dunlap, David W. (July 9, 2008). "Answers About Ground Zero Rebuilding". The New York Times. Retrieved July 9, 2008.
  25. ^ "About". Port Authority of New York and New Jersey. Archived from the original on February 7, 2001. Mailing Address: The Port Authority of New York & New Jersey 67 West # 1 World Trade Center New York, NY 10048
  26. ^ Dunlap, David W. (March 4, 2015). "With Newfound Modesty, Port Authority Returns to the World Trade Center". The New York Times. Retrieved January 5, 2019. After 14 years near Union Square, the agency’s headquarters have returned to a spot at the World Trade Center, where they had been from 1973 until Sept. 11, 2001.[...]the interim board room at 225 Park Avenue South, at East 18th Street.
  27. ^ Fishbein, Rebecca. "First Look Inside The Gigantic New Eataly Location At 4 World Trade Center". Gothamist. Archived from the original on August 29, 2016. Retrieved September 1, 2016.
  28. ^ "Spotify deal makes 4 World Trade Center the complex's first fully leased tower". Curbed NY. Retrieved April 23, 2018.
  29. ^ "Spotify Expands by 100K SF at 4 WTC, Bringing Tower to Full Occupancy". Commercial Observer. July 5, 2017. Retrieved April 23, 2018.
  30. ^ "Mets broadcaster SportsNet moves HQ to 4 WTC". The Real Deal. November 9, 2015. Retrieved May 11, 2018.
  31. ^ Dachman, Jason (October 26, 2018). "NFL Media Ramps Up for Exclusive London Broadcast; Good Morning Football Preps for Move to SNY". Sports Video Group. Retrieved November 5, 2018.
  32. ^ "Spotify Will Move to WTC; Expand Staff by 1,000". The Wall Street Journal. February 15, 2017. Retrieved February 16, 2017.

External links[edit]

Lists of tenants of the WTC complex on 9/11
1 WTC | 2 WTC | 5 WTC | 6 WTC | 7 WTC