Fourme d'Ambert

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Fourme d'Ambert
Fourme d'Ambert entamée.jpg
Country of originFrance
Region(Puy-de-Dôme), Auvergne
TownAmbert
Source of milkCow
PasteurizedDepends on variety
TextureSemi-hard
Aging time1-4 Months
CertificationAOC 2002, PDO 1996
With Fourme de Montbrison
since 1972
Named afterAmbert
Commons page Related media on Wikimedia Commons

Fourme d'Ambert is a semi-hard French blue cheese. One of France's oldest cheeses, it dates from as far back as Roman times.[1] It is made from raw cow's milk from the Auvergne region of France, with a distinct, narrow cylindrical shape.[2]

The semi-hard cheese is inoculated with Penicillium roqueforti spores and aged for at least 28 days.

Almost identical to Fourme de Montbrison, the two were protected by the same AOC from 1972 until 2002 when each was recognized as its own cheese with slight differences in manufacture.[3] A likeness of the cheese can be found sculpted above the entrance to a medieval chapel in La Chaulme, Puy-de-Dôme.[4]

Although most often produced with pasteurized milk by industry and Coopératives, more recently artisanal production has begun using raw milk, and farm or fermier production has now restarted.[5] Presently, four farmers produce annually up to 35 tonnes (38.58 tons) of fourme d'Ambert fermière AOP made with raw milk.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Cheese.com profile".
  2. ^ Iburg, Anne (2004). Dumont's Lexicon of Cheese. REBO publishers. ISBN 90-366-1689-1.
  3. ^ "AOC Fourme d'Ambert et de Montbrison".
  4. ^ "Fourme d'Ambert - (formaggio.it)". Archived from the original on 2013-06-12.
  5. ^ Barthélemy, R.; Sperat-Czar, A. (2004). Cheeses of the World. Hachette. ISBN 1-84430-115-X.