Fourth Virginia Convention
This Convention followed the Third Virginia Convention, which recessed on August 26, 1775. Peyton Randolph, who presided over the first three Conventions, died on October 22. On November 14th, the governor John Murray, 4th Earl of Dunmore issued Dunmore's Proclamation. This declared that Virginia was in a state of rebellion and would be placed under martial law, and promised freedom to any slaves to join the British armed forces in suppressing the revolt.
Edmund Pendleton was elected to preside over the Convention. The Convention authorized the raising of additional regiments of troops. It further, in response to Dunmore's Proclamation, offered a ten-day amnesty to any escaped slaves, but promised that any slaves caught serving the British armed forces after the expiration of the amnesty would be summarily hanged.