Fourth grade

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Fourth grade (also called grade four, equivalent to Year 5 in England and Wales) is a year of elementary education in some countries. In North America, the fourth grade is the fifth school year of elementary school. Students are usually 9 or 10 years old, depending on their birthday, unless they started school at an earlier or later date than the average student. It can be considered a part of elementary school, traditionally providing instruction for young pupils in grades K-5. This can vary in different school districts; in some, fourth grade is the first or second year of intermediate school. In others, it may be the last year of elementary.

4th grade class at Acorn Woodland Elementary in Oakland, CA, USA

Argentina's equivalent[edit]

In Argentina, the minimum age required for the fourth grade is between 8 and 9 years old. In this situation, the children who are in the middle of primary school perform the "confirmation of loyalty to the homeland". This is an act in which a child will have to take an oath to defend Argentina for the rest of his or her life. Sometimes children do a trip to Rosario, where they raise the National Flag Memorial (Argentina).[citation needed]

Canada's equivalent[edit]

In Canada, the fourth year of elementary education is referred to as Grade 4. Fourth grade is the fourth and last year of elementary schooling in Canada.[1]

China's equivalent[edit]

In China, the fourth year of elementary education is referred to as Grade 4. Children are usually 10 or 11 years old at the fourth grade in elementary school.

The Dutch and Belgian equivalent[edit]

In The Netherlands, the fourth year of school is called group 6, and the pupils are 9 to 10 years old. Children start school at the age of 4 and end school at the ages of 12 or 13. In Belgium, it is called 4th (study) year. The children are also between the ages of 9 and 10.[2]

France's equivalent[edit]

In France, the equivalent to the above grade is the Level 1 Intermediate Course, known by its short form CM1.[3]

Greece's equivalent[edit]

In Greece, the fourth school year of primary education school is referred to as the Fourth Grade of Primary (Tetarti - Τετάρτη Δημοτικού).

India's equivalent[edit]

In India, where children enter Class 4 at the ages 9 to 10 it is called Lower Primary , it is known as the fourth grade. 5-7 standard categories as Upper Primary(UP). Lower Primary gives the basic education necessary for a kid and when he gets to the UP section, advanced knowledge will be provided as lessons or modules.[4]

Ireland's equivalent[edit]

In The Republic of Ireland, the equivalent is Fourth Class or Rang a Ceathair (for 9- to 10-year-olds), which is year 6 of Primary School.{{Citation needed[5]|date=August 2019}}

New Zealand's equivalent[edit]

In New Zealand, this level of class is called Standard 3 or Year 5. Children generally start at this level between the ages of nine and ten.[6]

Portugal's equivalent[edit]

In Portugal, what North Americans would call the fourth grade (quarto ano, 4º ano to Portuguese people) is the fourth and last year of the four-year 1º Ciclo do Ensino Básico which also includes the first grade, the second grade and the third grade.[7] Students take final exams (provas finais) for Portuguese and Mathematics at the end of the fourth grade since the school year of 2012/2013.[8][9]

United Kingdom[edit]

In England, compulsory education begins with the first new term of the Reception year following a child's 5th birthday.[10] In practice, many children enter Reception at the beginning of the school year, aged 4. Fourth grade is the equivalent of 'Year 5' (ages 9–10) in England and Wales, Primary 6 in Northern Ireland and Primary 6 in Scotland - the sixth year of compulsory education in England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland.[11]

United States[edit]

In the United States most children enter the compulsory education system at age 5–6. Children are divided into year groups or grades based on age; in Fourth Grade students are usually 9–10 years old and typically attending an Elementary or Primary School. Standard subjects include math, science, grammar, writing, literature, and history (often including specific local history depending on which state the school is in). Some other subjects taught may include garden skills, livestock care, environmental sustainability. Most schools also offer health, music, art, and physical education.[citation needed] In the United States as of 2019, 41 states have implemented Common Core State Standards Initiative standards for English/Language Arts and Mathematics[12]

Spain's equivalent[edit]

In Spain, Primaria (6 to 12 years old) is compulsory for all children. 4th grade is called cuarto de Primaria or simply cuarto curso. Primaria starts at six years old, so students usually start 4th grade on the year of their tenth birthday. However, there may be eleven-year-old students because the educational system allows students to repeat a school grade if they do not achieve the passing grade for a specific number of subjects, which varies between schools and the grade that is to be repeated.[awkward][citation needed]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Ontario, Government of. "Education Facts, 2017-2018* (Preliminary)". Retrieved July 4, 2019.
  2. ^ "Education in the Netherlands: A guide to the Dutch education system". Expatica. August 20, 2019. Retrieved September 16, 2019.
  3. ^ Retrieved September 11, 2019.
  4. ^ Primary education#India
  5. ^
  6. ^ "New Zealand School System". New Zealand Now. Retrieved September 16, 2019.
  7. ^ "Ensino Básico e Secundário". (in Portuguese). Retrieved October 15, 2012.
  8. ^ Isabel Leiria (March 26, 2012). "Ministro da Educação anuncia exames nacionais no 4º ano". (in Portuguese). Impresa. Retrieved October 15, 2012.
  9. ^ "Alunos do 4.º ano vão ter exames a partir do próximo ano". (in Portuguese). controlinveste. March 26, 2012. Retrieved October 15, 2012.
  10. ^ "School attendance and absence".
  11. ^ "The national curriculum".
  12. ^ "Development Process - Common Core State Standards Initiative". Common Core State Standards Initiative. Common Core State Standards Initiative. Retrieved August 16, 2019.
Preceded by
Third grade
Fourth grade
age 9-10
Succeeded by
Fifth grade