Fovant

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Fovant
Two southern Fovant Badges.jpg
Two of the Fovant Badges
Fovant is located in Wiltshire
Fovant
Fovant
Fovant shown within Wiltshire
Population 669 (2011)[1]
OS grid reference SU004289
Civil parish
  • Fovant
Unitary authority
Ceremonial county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town SALISBURY
Postcode district SP3
Dialling code 01722
Police Wiltshire
Fire Dorset and Wiltshire
Ambulance South Western
EU Parliament South West England
UK Parliament
Website Parish Council
List of places
UK
England
Wiltshire
51°03′32″N 1°59′46″W / 51.059°N 1.996°W / 51.059; -1.996Coordinates: 51°03′32″N 1°59′46″W / 51.059°N 1.996°W / 51.059; -1.996

Fovant is a village and civil parish in southwest Wiltshire, England, lying about 9 miles (14 km) west of Salisbury on the A30 Salisbury-Shaftesbury road, on the south side of the Nadder valley.

History[edit]

The name is derived from the Old English Fobbefunta, meaning "spring of a man called Fobbe".[2]

The Domesday Book of 1086 recorded a settlement called Febefonte with 22 households, held by Wilton Abbey.[3] The abbey was surrendered to the Crown in 1539, and Fovant was among the villages granted to Sir William Herbert, later Earl of Pembroke. (Herbert was also granted the site of the abbey, where he built Wilton House). The Pembrokes continued as landowners at Fovant until the estate was broken up in 1919.[2]

An elementary school was built in 1847 with places for 100 children, and gained a second classroom in 1875. Children of all ages attended until 1944, when those aged twelve and over transferred to the senior school at Tisbury. By 1958, when the buildings were modernised, there were 58 pupils. In the 1980s children aged 10 and 11 went to a middle school at Tisbury, and falling numbers led to closure of the Fovant school in 1997 when it had 27 pupils.[4]

Religious sites[edit]

Parish church[edit]

St George's Church

The Church of England parish church of St George dates from the 13th century and has a south doorway taken from a 12th-century building. Much of the church was rebuilt in the 15th century; the tower was built c. 1492[5] and is surmounted with stone friezes and battlements.[6] In the 16th century the last abbess of Wilton Abbey, Cecily Bodenham, retired to Fovant and is said to have paid for the building or rebuilding of the south aisle.[7]

Restoration in 1863 by T.H. Wyatt included the rebuilding of the chancel and major changes to the interior, including the removal of a musicians' gallery.[5] One of the six bells in the tower is from the 15th century.[8]

The building was designated as Grade II* listed in 1960.[6] Today the parish is part of the Nadder Valley Team Ministry.[9]

Chapel[edit]

A Congregational chapel was completed in 1820[10] in dressed limestone,[11] and continues in use as Fovant Free Church.

Military connections[edit]

During the First World War, temporary camps were built in the Fovant area to handle training and medical treatment of soldiers, and later their demobilisation.[12] The Fovant Military Railway was built in 1915 from Dinton station, passing close to Fovant with a terminus east of the village near the A30. The camps stretched beyond Compton Chamberlayne into Barford St Martin parish, and included Hurdcott Camp which was a depot of the Australian Imperial Force (AIF).[13]

The area is known for several regimental badges cut in chalk into a nearby hill (also being the site of Chiselbury Iron age hillfort), created by soldiers garrisoned near Fovant.

Governance[edit]

The civil parish elects a parish council. It is in the area of Wiltshire Council unitary authority, which is responsible for all significant local government functions.

The parish is part of the Fovant and Chalke Valley electoral ward. The ward begins in the Netherhampton parish just to the west of Salisbury, stretches west to Bishopstone and northwest to Fovant, ending at Tollard Royal. The population of the ward at the 2011 census was 4,315.[14]

Amenities[edit]

Fovant has a village shop (with post office), a village hall,[15] playing field and playground. At one time with three public houses, Fovant currently has no functioning pub following the closure of the Pembroke Arms in August 2012.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Wiltshire Community History - Census". Wiltshire Council. Retrieved 15 August 2014. 
  2. ^ a b "Fovant". Wiltshire Community History. Wiltshire Council. Retrieved 15 November 2016. 
  3. ^ Fovant in the Domesday Book
  4. ^ "Fovant Church of England First School". Wiltshire Community History. Wiltshire Council. Retrieved 15 November 2016. 
  5. ^ a b "Church of St. George, Fovant". Wiltshire Community History. Wiltshire Council. Retrieved 14 November 2016. 
  6. ^ a b Historic England. "Church of St George (1146126)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 14 November 2016. 
  7. ^ "St. George's - The Parish Church". Fovant History Interest Group. Retrieved 14 November 2016. 
  8. ^ "Fovant". Dove's Guide for Church Bell Ringers. Retrieved 14 November 2016. 
  9. ^ "St George, Fovant". A Church Near You. Retrieved 14 November 2016. 
  10. ^ "Congregational Chapel, Fovant". Wiltshire Community History. Wiltshire Council. Retrieved 14 November 2016. 
  11. ^ Historic England. "Congregational chapel (1146131)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 14 November 2016. 
  12. ^ "Camps around Fovant during World War I". Fovant History Interest Group. Retrieved 25 July 2015. 
  13. ^ "C00628 - Soldiers and huts at Hurdcott Camp". Australian War Memorial. c. 1916. Retrieved 25 July 2015. 
  14. ^ "Fovant and Chalk Valley ward 2011. Retrieved 12 March 2015". 
  15. ^ "Fovant Village Hall". Retrieved 14 November 2016. 

External links[edit]