Fox Creek, Alberta

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Fox Creek
Town of Fox Creek
Welcome sign
Welcome sign
A Playground of Opportunity
Canada’s Centennial Community
Town boundaries
Town boundaries
Fox Creek is located in Alberta
Fox Creek
Fox Creek
Location in Alberta
Fox Creek is located in M.D. of Greenview
Fox Creek
Fox Creek
Location in M.D. of Greenview
Coordinates: 54°23′42″N 116°48′33″W / 54.39500°N 116.80917°W / 54.39500; -116.80917Coordinates: 54°23′42″N 116°48′33″W / 54.39500°N 116.80917°W / 54.39500; -116.80917
RegionNorthern Alberta
Planning regionUpper Peace
Municipal districtMunicipal District of Greenview No. 16
 • New townJuly 19, 1967
 • TownSeptember 1, 1983
 • MayorJames Hailes
 • Governing body
 • CAORoy Dell
 • MPJim Eglinski
 • MLATodd Loewen
 • Land12.36 km2 (4.77 sq mi)
Elevation808 m (2,651 ft)
 • Total1,971
 • Density159.4/km2 (413/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC-7 (MST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-6 (MDT)
Postal code span
Area code780
Highways Hwy 43
WaterwaysSmoke Lake
Iosegun Lake
Raspberry Lake
Fox Creek
WebsiteOfficial website

Fox Creek is a town in northwest Alberta, Canada. It is located on Highway 43, approximately 259 km (161 mi) northwest of Edmonton and 199 km (124 mi) southeast of Grande Prairie, and has an elevation of 808 m (2,651 ft).

Fox Creek is within the Upper Peace planning region, and is surrounded by the Municipal District of Greenview No. 16.[6]


On June 6, 1952, the townsite for a future community was selected by Ryan Krause and Victor Heath. It was named Fox Creek after the watercourse adjacent to the western edge of the townsite, which drains towards Iosegun Lake to the north. The original survey of the townsite occurred over three days in late October, 1955.[7]

At the same time, a townsite for another future community was surveyed to the north of Fox Creek on Iosegun Lake's eastern shore. This townsite turned out to be too wet, resulting in no development interest. The provincial government subsequently abandoned plans to develop a community at this location.[7]

Residents began settling in Fox Creek shortly after Highway 43 officially opened in the fall of 1955, attracted by opportunities in the forestry and oil and gas exploration industries. The first two houses were built by Alberta Forest Services in 1956 to support a new ranger station that opened in 1957. Fox Creek's first two roadways, 1 Street West (the initial stage of Kaybob Drive) and Highway Avenue, were also constructed in 1956.[7]

In 1957, the first significant oil field was discovered north of Fox Creek, known as the Kaybob North Field, and the community's first two businesses were established. Both businesses were services stations – under the British American and Imperial Oil banners – each with associated restaurants.[7]

The community's post office was founded on March 18, 1958. It was named the Iosegun Lake Post Office, which was not officially renamed to the Fox Creek Post Office until 10 years later.[7]

The late 1950s and early 1960s brought much activity to the Hamlet of Fox Creek as numerous sawmills, drilling rigs, and camps supporting drilling and road construction activities had established in the area. A total of 12 oil and gas fields were discovered over a six-year span between 1957 and 1962, of which included the discovery of a significant gas field to the south of Fox Creek in 1961 known as the Kaybob South Field. These discoveries triggered the construction of five gas plants in the Fox Creek area over the eleven years that followed the discovery of the Kaybob South Field.[7]

The 1961 Census of Canada was the first census to record Fox Creek's population, but under the name of Iosegun Lake after the post office in the community. Its population in 1961 was 144.[8] Over the following five years, Fox Creek grew to 187 residents according to the 1966 Census of Canada.[9]

Under the signature of Premier Ernest Manning on July 19, 1967, the Province of Alberta incorporated the community as the New Town of Fox Creek.[6] A three-member Board of Administrators was appointed at the time of incorporation, which included resident and businessman Otto Ritter as chairman and two public administrators from Alberta Municipal Affairs, Earl Briscoe (deputy chairman) and Len Gurel.[10]


The town is within 12 km (7.5 mi) of three lakes – Smoke Lake to the southwest, Iosegun Lake to the north, and Raspberry Lake to the northeast. The Fox Creek flows through the community, which empties into Iosegun Lake.

The Fox Creek area was subject to three earthquakes in 2015. The first occurred on January 14, 2015 approximately 38 km (24 mi) west of Fox Creek, measuring 3.8 on the Richter scale, while the second, measuring 4.4, occurred on January 22, 2015 approximately 36 km (22 mi) west of the town. No damages were reported on the former, while the latter was "lightly felt" within Fox Creek and has been reported as potentially being related to hydraulic fracturing within the Duvernay Formation.[11] A third earthquake, measuring 4.4, occurred approximately 36 km (22 mi) east of the community on June 13, 2015.[12]


The population of the Town of Fox Creek according to its 2019 municipal census is 2,189,[18] a change of 3.6% from its 2013 municipal census population of 2,112.[19]

In the 2016 Census of Population conducted by Statistics Canada, the Town of Fox Creek recorded a population of 1,971 living in 775 of its 1,054 total private dwellings, a 0.1% change from its 2011 population of 1,969. With a land area of 12.36 km2 (4.77 sq mi), it had a population density of 159.5/km2 (413.0/sq mi) in 2016.[4]

In the 2011 Census, the Town of Fox Creek had a population of 1,969 living in 773 of its 980 total dwellings, a −13.6% change from its 2006 population of 2,278. With a land area of 11.54 km2 (4.46 sq mi), it had a population density of 170.6/km2 (441.9/sq mi) in 2011.[20]


Fox Creek Town Council consists of a mayor and six councilors. The Mayor and Councillors were elected in the 2017 municipal election.[21] The current members of town council are Mayor James Hailes and Councillors Brenda Burridge, Dian Ahn, Meesha Bainton, Wendy Rieger, Sheila Gilmour, and Shawn Watson.[3] The town's chief administrative officer is Roy Dell.[3]

Fox Creek is located within the Grande Prairie-Smoky provincial electoral district, represented by Progressive Conservative Todd Loewen.[22] At the federal level, Fox Creek is located within the Yellowhead electoral district and is represented by Conservative Jim Eglinski.[23] For the next federal election, Fox Creek will become part of the newly created riding of Peace River—Westlock.[24]


Fox Creek's economy is driven by the resource industry with oil and gas playing the primary role. The major oil and gas employer in the area, since the first decade of the 21st century, is SemCAMS, which purchased various area facilities previously owned by a mix of Chevron, BP Amoco and Petro-Canada.[25] As of September 2010, the company owns and operates two sour gas processing plants (Kaybob South No. 3 and Kaybob Amalgamated), a sweet gas processing plant (West Fox Creek), and numerous pipelines in the area.[26] The oilfield service industry supports oil and gas activities in the area, with numerous drilling and well service companies having branch offices in Fox Creek.

Fox Creek's secondary resource-based industry is forestry. Its role in Fox Creek's economy was threatened after a fire destroyed the area's lone sawmill – owned and operated by Millar Western Forest Products Ltd. – on August 29, 2008.[27] After nearly two years of uncertainty about forestry's re-emergence in the local economy, Millar Western announced on June 18, 2010 that it would rebuild the Fox Creek sawmill.[28] As of June 2013 the sawmill, named the Fox Creek Wood Products Division,[29] employs 55 full-time staff producing dimension lumber[28] in the amount of 620,000 board feet per shift or 125 million board feet per year.[30] It has been operating on a single shift since full startup, which occurred in late 2011.[28] The Fox Creek sawmill was acquired by Millar Western from Mostowich Lumber on August 1, 2007.[29]

Other employers in Fox Creek are small in comparison to SemCAMS, Millar Western, and the oilfield service industry. Due to the town's location on Highway 43, the town has numerous service industry businesses that cater to travelers and workers supporting the oil and gas industry, as well as trucking operations.


Fox Creek School, operated by Northern Gateway Public Schools, is the primary educational institution in Fox Creek, serving students from Kindergarten to Grade 12.[31] The school was attended by 455 students during the 2009/2010 school year, including 14 students in the Fox Creek Talent Developmental Centre program.[32]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Fox Vegas Hockey team wins Gold in Viva Las Vegas". Fox in Focus. Fox in Focus. May 13, 2013. Retrieved June 26, 2013.
  2. ^ "Location and History Profile: Town of Fox Creek" (PDF). Alberta Municipal Affairs. October 7, 2016. p. 260. Retrieved October 13, 2016.
  3. ^ a b c "Municipal Officials Search". Alberta Municipal Affairs. September 22, 2017. Retrieved September 25, 2017.
  4. ^ a b c d "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities), 2016 and 2011 censuses – 100% data (Alberta)". Statistics Canada. February 8, 2017. Retrieved February 8, 2017.
  5. ^ "Alberta Private Sewage Systems 2009 Standard of Practice Handbook: Appendix A.3 Alberta Design Data (A.3.A. Alberta Climate Design Data by Town)" (PDF) (PDF). Safety Codes Council. January 2012. pp. 212–215 (PDF pages 226–229). Retrieved October 8, 2013.
  6. ^ a b "Location and History Profile". Alberta Municipal Affairs. December 31, 2013. Retrieved January 1, 2014.
  7. ^ a b c d e f Iosegun Reflections: A History of Fox Creek. Fox Creek Historical Association. 1992.
  8. ^ a b 1961 Census of Canada, Series SP, Population – Unincorporated Villages, Bulletin SP–4. Dominion Bureau of Statistics. 1961.
  9. ^ a b Census of Canada – 1966, Special Bulletin, Population – Unincorporated Places, Bulletin S–3. Dominion Bureau of Statistics. 1966.
  10. ^ "Order in Council (O.C.) 1405/67" (PDF). Province of Alberta. July 19, 1967. Retrieved October 19, 2010.
  11. ^ David Howell (January 31, 2015). "Fracking possible cause of 4.4-magnitude Fox Creek earthquake". Edmonton Journal. Postmedia Network. Retrieved February 1, 2015.
  12. ^ Paige Parsons (June 13, 2015). "Multiple earthquakes detected this year near Fox Creek". Edmonton Journal. Postmedia Network. Retrieved June 14, 2015.
  13. ^ "Table 3: Population for census divisions and subdivisions, 1971 and 1976". 1976 Census of Canada. Census Divisions and Subdivisions, Western Provinces and the Territories. Population: Geographic Distributions. Ottawa: Statistics Canada. 1977.
  14. ^ "Table 2: Census Subdivisions in Alphabetical Order, Showing Population Rank, Canada, 1981". 1981 Census of Canada. Census subdivisions in decreasing population order. Ottawa: Statistics Canada. 1982. ISBN 0-660-51563-6.
  15. ^ "Table 2: Population and Dwelling Counts, for Census Divisions and Census Subdivisions, 1986 and 1991 – 100% Data". 91 Census. Population and Dwelling Counts – Census Divisions and Census Subdivisions. Ottawa: Statistics Canada. 1992. pp. 100–108. ISBN 0-660-57115-3.
  16. ^ "Population and Dwelling Counts, for Canada, Provinces and Territories, and Census Divisions, 2001 and 1996 Censuses – 100% Data (Alberta)". Statistics Canada. Retrieved 2019-05-25.
  17. ^ "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities), 2006 and 2001 censuses – 100% data (Alberta)". Statistics Canada. January 6, 2010. Retrieved 2019-05-25.
  18. ^ "Council Minutes" (PDF). Town of Fox Creek. p. 4. Retrieved August 13, 2019.
  19. ^ Hailey Spiess (September 3, 2013). "Town Council meeting". Fox Creek Times. Fox Creek Times. p. 7. Archived from the original on September 27, 2013. Retrieved September 25, 2013.
  20. ^ "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities), 2011 and 2006 censuses (Alberta)". Statistics Canada. February 8, 2012. Retrieved February 8, 2012.
  21. ^ Nielson, Cindy. "Notice of Election and Requirements For Voter Identification" (PDF). Town of Fox Creek. Archived from the original (PDF) on January 6, 2014. Retrieved January 5, 2013.
  22. ^ "Contacts Profile". Alberta Municipal Affairs. December 31, 2013. Retrieved January 1, 2014.
  23. ^ "Yellowhead byelection results: Conservative Jim Eglinski elected in riding". CBC News. November 17, 2014. Retrieved November 28, 2014.
  24. ^ "Redistribution". Alberta Redistribution Commission. Retrieved January 31, 2014.
  25. ^ "About Us – SemCAMS". SemGroup Corporation. Retrieved September 29, 2010.
  26. ^ "Our Services – SemCAMS". SemGroup Corporation. Retrieved September 29, 2010.
  27. ^ "Fire destroys Millar Western's Fox Creek sawmill" (PDF). Millar Western Forest Products Ltd. September 3, 2008. Archived from the original (PDF) on October 17, 2013. Retrieved September 29, 2010.
  28. ^ a b c "Millar Western to rebuild Fox Creek sawmill". Millar Western Forest Products Ltd. June 18, 2008. Archived from the original on October 17, 2013. Retrieved September 29, 2010.
  29. ^ a b "Millar Western assumes ownership of Fox Creek lumber operation" (PDF). Millar Western Forest Products Ltd. August 1, 2007. Archived from the original (PDF) on October 17, 2013. Retrieved September 29, 2010.
  30. ^ "World Class Lumber Facility in our Backyard". Fox in Focus. Fox in Focus. June 13, 2013. Retrieved June 26, 2013.
  31. ^ "Our Schools". Northern Gateway Public Schools. Retrieved September 28, 2010.
  32. ^ "Student Population by Grade, School, and Authority, Alberta – 2009/2010P School Year" (PDF). Alberta Education. Retrieved September 28, 2010.

External links[edit]