Fox Hills Formation
|Fox Hills Formation|
Stratigraphic range: Late Cretaceous
A ridge capped by a sandstone bed of the Fox Hills Formation west of Limon, Colorado
|Unit of||Montana Group (MT, ND)|
|Sub-units||Fairpoint member (SD),|
Trail City member (ND, SD),
Timber Lake (ND, SD),
Lincoln member (CO), etc.
|Underlies||Lance (WY)/Hell Creek (MT)|
Laramie Formation (CO)
|Overlies||Pierre (USA)/Bearpaw (CAN)|
Lewis Shale (WY, MT)
|Region||Alberta, Colorado, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota and Wyoming|
|Named for||Fox Hills between Cheyenne and Moreau Rivers, South Dakota|
|Named by||Meek and Hayden|
The Fox Hills Formation consists of marginal marine yellow to grey sandstone with shale interbeds. It was deposited as a regressive sequence of barrier islands during the retreat of the Western Interior Seaway in Late Cretaceous time. In its eastern extents, the formation is underlain by the marine Pierre Shale in the United States and by the equivalent Bearpaw Formation in Canada, while in western ranges in Montana and Wyoming it overlies the Lewis Shale. The Fox Hills is overlain by continental sediments of the Laramie Formation in Colorado and the Lance Formation in Wyoming, the later being the equivalent of the overlying Hell Creek Formation in Montana.
- List of dinosaur-bearing rock formations
- "Geologic Unit: Fox Hills". National Geologic Database. Geolex — Significant Publications. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2017-02-13.
- Getman, Myron RC (1994). "Occurrences of Mosasaur and other reptilian fossil remains from the Fox Hills Formation (Maastrichtian: late Cretaceous) of North Dakota". St. Lawrence University Dept. of Geology theses.
- Lexicon of Canadian Geologic Units. "Fox Hills Formation". Retrieved 2010-02-01.
- Henry W. Roehler (1993). "Stratigraphy of the Upper Cretaceous Fox Hills Sandstone and Adjacent Parts of the Lewis Shale and Lance Formation, East Flank of the Rock Springs Uplift, Southwest Wyoming". U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper. Washington: United States Government Printing Office (1532).
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