Fox Sports Networks

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Fox Sports Networks
Fox Sports Networks logo.png
LaunchedNovember 1, 1996 (1996-11-01)
Picture format720p (HDTV)
(HD feeds downgraded to letterboxed 480i for SDTV sets)
CountryUnited States
LanguageEnglish
Broadcast area
  • Nationwide
  • (through regional affiliates)
HeadquartersHouston, Texas
Formerly called
  • Fox Sports Net (1996–2004)
  • FSN (2004–2008)
  • Fox Sports Local (2008–2012)
Replaced
Sister channel(s)
WebsiteFoxSportsLocal.com
foxsports.com
Availability
Satellite
DirecTVConsult channel lineup or program listings source for channel availability
Dish NetworkConsult channel lineup or program listings source for channel availability
Cable
Available on most U.S. cable systemsConsult your local cable provider or program listings source for channel availability
Verizon FiOSConsult channel lineup or program listings source for channel availability
IPTV
AT&T U-verseConsult channel lineup or program listings source for channel availability
Streaming media
Fox Sports Gowww.foxsportsgo.com/
(U.S. cable internet subscribers only; requires login from participating providers to stream content; some events may not be available due to league rights restrictions)
Sling TVInternet Protocol television
PlayStation VueInternet Protocol television

Fox Sports Networks (FSN), formerly known as Fox Sports Net, is the collective name for a group of regional sports channels in the United States that are primarily owned and operated by the Fox Entertainment Group division of 21st Century Fox. Each of the channels carry regional broadcasts of sporting events from various professional, collegiate and high school sports teams (with broadcasts typically exclusive to each individual channel, although some are shown on multiple FSN channels within a particular team's designated market area), along with regional and national sports discussion, documentary and analysis programs.

Depending on their individual team rights, some Fox Sports Networks maintain overflow feeds available via digital cable, telco and satellite providers in their home markets, which may provide alternate programming when not used to carry game broadcasts that the main feed cannot carry due to scheduling conflicts. Fox Sports Networks is headquartered in Houston, Texas, with master control facilities based in both Houston and Los Angeles; FSN also maintains production facilities at Stage 19 at Universal Studios Florida (which formerly served as home of Nickelodeon Studios until its closure in 2005).

History[edit]

Beginnings[edit]

Former Fox Sports Net headquarters in Los Angeles.

At the dawn of the cable television era, many regional sports networks (RSNs) vied to compete with the largest national sports network, ESPN. The most notable were the SportsChannel network, which first began operating in 1976 with the launch of the original SportsChannel (now MSG Plus) in the New York City area and later branched out into channels serving Chicago and Florida; Prime Network, which launched in 1983 with Home Sports Entertainment (now Fox Sports Southwest) as its charter member network and later branched out onto the West Coast as "Prime Sports"; and SportSouth, an RSN operated by the Turner Broadcasting System.

On October 31, 1995, News Corporation, which ten years earlier launched the Fox Broadcasting Company, a general entertainment broadcast network that formed its own sports division in 1994 with the acquisition of the television rights to the National Football Conference of the National Football League, entered into a joint venture with TCI's Liberty Media, acquiring a 50% ownership interest in the company's Prime Sports affiliates.[1] On July 3, 1996, News Corporation and Liberty Media/TCI announced that the Prime Sports networks would be rebranded under the new "Fox Sports Net" brand;[2] the Prime Sports-branded affiliates were officially relaunched as Fox Sports Net on November 1 of that year.[3][4][5] That same year, Fox purchased SportSouth from Turner and rebranded that network as Fox Sports South.

On June 30, 1997, the Fox/Liberty joint venture purchased a 40% interest in Cablevision's sports properties including the SportsChannel America networks, Madison Square Garden, and the New York Knicks and New York Rangers professional sports franchises, a deal worth $850 million; the deal formed the venture National Sports Partners to run the owned-and-operated regional networks.[6][7][8][9] In early 1998, SportsChannel America was integrated into the Fox Sports Net family of networks; SportsChannel Florida, however, remained as the lone SportsChannel America-branded network before it joined FSN as well in 2000 after News Corporation and Cablevision purchased Florida Panthers owner Wayne Huizenga's controlling interest in that network.[10]

Former Fox Sports Networks logos
FSN logo from 1996 to 1999.
FSN logo from 1999 to 2004.
FSN "pillbox" logo from 2004 until 2008 (remained in use until 2011 by networks that would become part of Root Sports)
FSN logo from 2008 to 2012.

On July 11, 2000, Comcast purchased a majority interest in the Minneapolis-based Midwest Sports Channel and Baltimore-based Home Team Sports from Viacom.[11] News Corporation, a minority owner in both networks, wanted to acquire them outright and integrate the two networks into Fox Sports Net. The company filed a lawsuit against Comcast ten days later on July 21, in an attempt to block the sale.[12][13] On September 7, 2000, as part of a settlement between the two companies, Comcast traded its equity interest in Midwest Sports Channel (which became Fox Sports Net North) to News Corporation in exchange for exclusive ownership of Home Team Sports (which subsequently joined competing regional sports network Comcast SportsNet as Comcast SportsNet Mid-Atlantic).[14]

Ownership realignments[edit]

In September 2004, Fox Sports Net became known simply as "FSN"; however the former name remained in common use until 2010, when "Fox Sports Local" was adopted for use in referencing its regional networks. On February 22, 2005, Fox's then-parent company, News Corporation, acquired full ownership of FSN/Fox Sports Local, following an asset trade with Cablevision Systems Corporation, in which Fox sold its interest in Madison Square Garden and the arena's NBA and NHL team tenants in exchange for acquiring sole ownership of Fox Sports Ohio and Fox Sports Florida. Cablevision simultaneously gained sole ownership of Fox Sports Chicago and Fox Sports New York, and a 50% interest in Fox Sports New England (with Comcast retaining its existing 50% stake); Fox and Cablevision, however, retained joint ownership of Fox Sports Bay Area.[15][16]

Fox Sports Chicago ceased operations in June 2006, after losing the regional cable television rights to local professional teams (including the Chicago Bulls, Blackhawks, Cubs and White Sox) two years earlier to the newly launched Comcast SportsNet Chicago.[17]

On December 22, 2006, News Corporation sold its interest in four Fox Sports regional networks – FSN Utah, FSN Pittsburgh, FSN Northwest and FSN Rocky Mountain – as well as its 38.5% ownership stake in satellite provider DirecTV to Liberty Media for $550 million in cash and stock, in exchange for Liberty's 16.3% stake in News Corporation.[18][19] On May 4, 2009, DirecTV Group Inc. announced it would become a part of Liberty's entertainment unit, with plans to spin off certain properties into a separate company under the DirecTV name, which would operate the four acquired FSN-affiliated networks through DirecTV Sports Networks,[20] a new division formed on November 19, 2009, upon the spin-off's completion.[21]

On April 30, 2007, Cablevision sold its 50% interests in the New England and Bay Area networks to Comcast for $570 million;[22] both networks became part of Comcast SportsNet, with FSN New England relaunching as Comcast SportsNet New England in July 2007 and FSN Bay Area relaunching as Comcast SportsNet Bay Area March 2008. Despite Cablevision's sale of the networks, the channels continued to use "Fox Sports Net/National Sports Partners" in its copyright tag until 2008 (the copyright used has since changed to "National Sports Programming").

On April 1, 2011, DirecTV Sports Networks rebranded its FSN regional affiliates under the Root Sports brand.[23]

In 2012, News Corporation acquired a 49% stake in the YES Network, the regional sports network in the New York metropolitan area co-owned by Yankee Global Enterprises.[24] It was also in that year that FSN/Fox Sports Local relocated its headquarters from the Westwood neighborhood of Los Angeles to Houston, Texas, and then re-branded to its current branding. The FSN owned-and-operated networks were spun off along with most of News Corporation's U.S. entertainment properties into 21st Century Fox on July 1, 2013. On January 25, 2014, 21st Century Fox then became the YES Networks' majority owner by purchasing an additional 31% share of it, increasing the company's ownership interest from 49% to 80%.[25] YES later began carrying Fox Sports-sourced programming in September 2013, remaining branded as "YES".

On December 14, 2017, The Walt Disney Company announced their intent to acquire 21st Century Fox for $52.4 billion after the spin-off of certain businesses to a "New Fox" company, but particularly the 20th Century Fox film studio and entertainment cable networks. While the acquisition was originally slated to include Fox Sports' regional operations,[26][27] the Justice Department ordered their divestment under antitrust grounds, citing Disney's ownership of ESPN. Disney's deal was accepted but Disney must sell all of the regional sports networks within 90 days of the deal closing.[28][29] Yankee Global Enterprises invoked a clause the rights to buy their stake of the YES Network back following the acquisition from Disney.[30] The Yankees have a right of first refusal on buying Fox’s stake, while Allen & Company and JPMorgan Chase, who are handling the sale for Disney, have also asked that all bids include YES in their offers.[31]

Sinclair Broadcast Group has been mentioned as the most likely buyer for the other FSN network, but would need the assistance of a private equity firm to help raise the cash needed for the purchase.[32][33] Over 40 parties are interested in buying these networks, including Silver Lake Partners and William Morris Endeavor in a joint deal, Charter Communications, Discovery Communications,[34] Amazon, Apollo Global Management, The Blackstone Group, CVC Capital Partners, Ice Cube, Kohlberg Kravis Roberts, LL Cool J, Nexstar Media Group, Providence Equity Partners, and YouTube.[35]

"New Fox" did not bid for the channels in the first round, but may return in future rounds. On November 20, 2018, Amazon, Sinclair and CVC jointly,[36] Apollo, KKR and Tegna officially bid for the network.[37] It was also reported that a Sinclair/CVC joint venture was the leading bidder for the FSN network.[38][39] With bids coming in low for the network, Disney is considering selling the channels individually thus the banks are meeting with those that have indicated an interest in less then the full network down to a single channel. It was reported that Amazon only bid for the YES Network and Charter only bid for Fox Sports South. Minnesota Twins owner Jim Pohlad is reportedly interested in Fox Sports North.[40]

Networks[edit]

Owned-and-operated[edit]

Channel Region served Team rights Formerly
operated as
Overflow
feed
availability
Year
joined/launched
Notes
Fox Sports Arizona Arizona
New Mexico
Utah
southern Nevada
Prime Sports Arizona (September–November 1996) Green check.svg 1996
Fox Sports Carolinas North Carolina
South Carolina
Charlotte Hornets (NBA)
Carolina Hurricanes (NHL)
Dark Red x.svg 2008 Launched in 2008, as a sub-feed of Fox Sports South.
Fox Sports Detroit Michigan
northwestern Ohio
northeastern Indiana
northeast Wisconsin
  • Detroit:

Tigers (MLB)

local coverage of the Michigan High School Athletic Association

Green check.svg 1997 Created through Fox Sports' acquisition of the local television rights to most of Detroit's professional sports teams from PASS Sports, resulting in Post-Newsweek Stations (owner of that market's NBC affiliate WDIV-TV) shutting down the latter in 1997.
Fox Sports Florida Florida
southern Alabama
southern Georgia
Tampa Bay Rays (MLB)
Orlando Magic (NBA)
Miami Marlins (MLB)
Florida Panthers (NHL)
Orlando City SC (MLS)
USSSA Pride (NPF)
SportsChannel Florida (1987–2000) 2000 Shares broadcast rights with sister network Fox Sports Sun; it was the last FSN network acquired by News Corporation through its joint venture with Liberty Media to retire the SportsChannel name, upon becoming Fox Sports Net Florida in 2000.
Fox Sports Indiana Indiana Indiana Pacers (NBA)
Indiana Fever (WNBA)
Dark Red x.svg 2006 Broadcast area originally served by Prime Sports Midwest and Fox Sports Midwest; Fox Sports Indiana became a separate channel in 2006, after Fox Sports acquired the regional broadcast rights to the Indiana Pacers. It is still considered as a subfeed of Fox Sports Midwest in some markets. Fox Sports South carries select Indiana Pacers games aired by Fox Sports Indiana in Kentucky.
Fox Sports Kansas City Kansas City Kansas City Royals (MLB)
Sporting Kansas City (MLS)
2008 Broadcast area originally served by Prime Sports Midwest and Fox Sports Midwest; Fox Sports Kansas City was created as a spin-off of FSN Midwest, after it acquired the broadcast rights to the Kansas City Royals from the defunct Royals Sports Television Network in a long-term deal with the team. Fox Sports Midwest remains available in the region, carrying St. Louis Cardinals game telecasts that Fox Sports Kansas City is unable to broadcast due to conflicts with Royals telecasts. Some of the channel's programming is produced by Fox Sports Midwest.
Fox Sports Midwest Missouri
southern Illinois
southern Indiana
eastern Nebraska
eastern Kansas
western Kentucky
northern Arkansas
Oklahoma
St. Louis Cardinals (MLB)
St. Louis Blues (NHL)
local coverage of the Big 12 Conference, A-10 Conference, Ohio Valley Conference , and Conference USA
Prime Sports Midwest (1989–1996) Green check.svg 1996 Cardinals games carried by Fox Sports Midwest are respectively broadcast by Fox Sports South in West Tennessee and Fox Sports Tennessee in northern Mississippi. Fox Sports Midwest re-acquired the local television rights to the Royals in 2008, following the shutdown of the Royals Sports Television Network, resulting in the creation of spin-off channel Fox Sports Kansas City.
Fox Sports New Orleans Louisiana
Mississippi
New Orleans Pelicans (NBA)
local coverage of the Louisiana High School Athletic Association
Dark Red x.svg 2012 Launched in October 2012, and created through Fox Sports' acquisition of the local broadcast rights to the then-New Orleans Hornets.[41]
Fox Sports North Minnesota
Wisconsin
Iowa
North Dakota
South Dakota
Minnesota Twins (MLB)
Minnesota Timberwolves (NBA)
Minnesota United FC (MLS)
Minnesota Wild (NHL)
Minnesota Lynx (WNBA)
Sioux Falls Storm (IFL)
WCCO II (1986–1989)
Midwest Sports Channel (1989–1996)
Green check.svg 1996 Fox Sports North operates regional subfeeds for the Minnesota/Dakotas region. The Wisconsin feed, which is not available in areas of the state adjacent to the Minneapolis–St. Paul market, was spun off in April 2007 into the separate Fox Sports Wisconsin, which also carries select game broadcasts from Fox Sports North.
Fox Sports Ohio Ohio
eastern Indiana
Kentucky
northwestern Pennsylvania, southwestern New York
Cleveland Cavaliers (NBA)
Cincinnati Reds (MLB)
Columbus Blue Jackets (NHL)
SportsChannel Ohio (1989–1998) Dark Red x.svg 1998 Reds games broadcast by Fox Sports Ohio are televised on local origination cable channels in portions of Tennessee (including the Nashville market) and western North Carolina. Root Sports Pittsburgh broadcasts select Cavaliers games televised by Fox Sports Ohio. Separate subfeeds also exist for the Cincinnati and Cleveland markets with the Reds owning a 50% stake in the Cincinnati subfeed.
Fox Sports Oklahoma Oklahoma Oklahoma City Thunder (NBA) Green check.svg 2008 Broadcast area formerly served by Fox Sports Southwest; Fox Sports Oklahoma launched on October 29, 2008, created through a broadcast agreement in which Fox Sports Southwest and then-independent station KSBI (which carried select games produced by Fox Sports) acquired the television rights to the Oklahoma City Thunder. Select Dallas Mavericks NBA games televised by Fox Sports Southwest are broadcast on Fox Sports Oklahoma in areas within 75 miles of the Oklahoma City market. The channel also carries Big 12 Conference and occasional Texas Rangers games from Fox Sports Southwest; some Fox Sports Southwest-televised games are available through the Fox Sports Oklahoma Plus overflow feed.
Fox Sports San Diego San Diego San Diego Padres (MLB) Dark Red x.svg 2012 Launched in March 2012, as a sub-feed of Fox Sports West and Prime Ticket
Fox Sports South Georgia
Mississippi
Alabama
Kentucky
Atlanta Hawks (NBA)
Atlanta Braves (MLB)
Atlanta United FC (MLS)
SportSouth (original; 1986–1996) Green check.svg 1996 Sister network Fox Sports Southeast shares Atlanta Braves and Hawks broadcast rights with Fox Sports South. Production of the Braves game telecasts aired by Atlanta independent station WPCH-TV was transferred from Turner Sports to Fox Sports South in 2011 (a byproduct of the Turner Broadcasting System's local marketing agreement with the Meredith Corporation that consolidated WPCH's operations with CBS affiliate WGCL-TV). On February 28, 2013, Fox Sports South and the then-SportSouth reached a deal with the Braves to acquire the 45-game package held by WPCH, rendering the team's game telecasts cable-exclusive beginning with the 2013 season and ending the station's 40-year relationship with the Braves.[42]
Fox Sports Southeast Georgia
Alabama
Mississippi
Tennessee
North Carolina
South Carolina
Atlanta Braves (MLB)
Atlanta Hawks (NBA)
Carolina Hurricanes (NHL)
Charlotte Hornets (NBA)
Memphis Grizzlies (NBA)
Nashville Predators (NHL)
Turner South (1996–2006)
SportSouth (2006–2015)
Dark Red x.svg 2006 Formerly known as Turner South, and operated as a general entertainment cable channel, from 1996 to October 13, 2006, when it adopted the name SportSouth following its sale by Time Warner's Turner Broadcasting System subsidiary to then Fox Sports Networks parent News Corporation. SportSouth and Fox Sports South aired Atlanta Thrashers games until the team's relocation to Winnipeg (as the Winnipeg Jets) in 2011. Fox Sports South carries select Memphis Grizzlies games aired by SportSouth in Kentucky. SportSouth was rebranded as Fox Sports Southeast on October 5, 2015, citing viewer confusion caused by the Fox Sports Networks' 2012 rebranding that replaced the "FS" with "Fox Sports" as a prefix for the regional outlets.[43][44]
Fox Sports Southwest Northern and Eastern Texas
northern Louisiana
New Mexico
Arkansas
Oklahoma
Home Sports Entertainment (1988–1994), Prime Sports Southwest (1994–1996) Green check.svg 1996
Fox Sports Sun Florida Orlando Magic (NBA)
Miami Heat (NBA)
Miami Marlins (MLB)
Tampa Bay Rays (MLB)
Tampa Bay Lightning (NHL)
Sunshine Network (1988–2004)
Sun Sports (2004–2015)
Dark Red x.svg 1996 Originally a Prime Network affiliate, Fox Sports and Liberty Media acquired the network in 1996.
Fox Sports Tennessee Tennessee
northern Alabama
Memphis Grizzlies (NBA)
Nashville Predators (NHL)
2008 Launched in 2008, as a sub-feed of Fox Sports South.
Fox Sports West and Prime Ticket Southern California
Southern Nevada
Hawaii
Los Angeles Clippers (NBA)
Los Angeles Angels (MLB)
Los Angeles Rams (NFL)
(team-related shows)
Los Angeles Kings (NHL)
Anaheim Ducks (NHL)
local coverage of the Pac-12
Fox Sports West: Prime Ticket (original; 1987–1993), Prime Sports West (1993–1996)
Prime Ticket: FSN West 2 (2002–2008)
1996 Fox Sports West and Prime Ticket operate as separate channels, pooling the broadcast rights to the teams and collegiate conferences listed. Fox Sports West lost the broadcast rights to the Los Angeles Lakers after the 2011–12 NBA season, as a result of a 20-year agreement with Time Warner Cable (now Charter Communications) to broadcast the team's games on Spectrum SportsNet and Spectrum Deportes, which both launched in October 2012;[45] Both networks subsequently acquired the rights to the Los Angeles Sparks and the Los Angeles Galaxy from Fox Sports West. Prime Ticket aired Los Angeles Dodgers games from 1997 to 2013 when Fox lost the broadcast rights to Spectrum SportsNet LA, a joint venture between the team and Time Warner Cable that launched in April 2014.[46]
Fox Sports Wisconsin Wisconsin
western Upper Peninsula of Michigan
eastern Minnesota
northwestern Illinois
Iowa
Milwaukee Brewers (MLB)
Milwaukee Bucks (NBA)
Minnesota United FC (MLS, see note)
Minnesota Wild (NHL, see note)
Wisconsin Badgers hockey
Wisconsin Sports Network (1996–1998) Green check.svg 2007 Formerly operated as a sub-feed of Fox Sports North beginning in 1998, Fox Sports Wisconsin became a separate channel in 2008 after Fox Sports North acquired the broadcast rights to the Milwaukee Brewers. It is still considered a sub-feed of Fox Sports North in some markets, and carries Minnesota Wild and Minnesota United FC games, which air on the alternate feed if the main feed is otherwise occupied. Fox Sports Wisconsin maintains master control and certain back office operations shared with Fox Sports North at the latter channel's headquarters in Minneapolis, but maintains separate production operations based in Milwaukee.
SportsTime Ohio Ohio
eastern Indiana
Kentucky
northwestern Pennsylvania
southwestern New York
Cleveland Indians (MLB)
Cleveland Browns (NFL)
(team-related shows)
Ohio Machine (MLL)
Akron Racers (NPF)
local coverage of the Mid-American Conference
Dark Red x.svg 2012 Launched in 2006, after the Cleveland Indians declined to renew its broadcast contract with Fox Sports Ohio; Fox would eventually purchase the network on December 28, 2012.
YES Network New York
northern New Jersey
northeast Pennsylvania
southern Connecticut
New York Yankees (MLB)
Brooklyn Nets (NBA)
New York City FC (MLS)
Green check.svg 2013 Launched in 2002, News Corporation acquired a 49% stake in YES in November 2012, in a deal that included an option to allow the company to expand its interest in the network to 80% within three years.[24] The option carried over to 21st Century Fox, following its founding through the subsequent 2013 spin-off of News Corporation's entertainment assets, which exercised the option for Fox Sports to acquire 80% majority control of YES (with the network's founding parent Yankees Global Enterprises retaining the remaining 20%) in January 2014.[25] YES later began carrying Fox Sports-sourced programming in September 2013; prior to the Fox Sports purchase, YES had carried (and still produces) select Yankees game telecasts over-the-air broadcast on Fox-owned MyNetworkTV station WWOR-TV and the Tribune-owned station WPIX.

Affiliates[edit]

Channel Region served Team rights Formerly
operated as
Overflow
feed
availability
Year
joined
Notes
AT&T SportsNet Pittsburgh
Rocky Mountains
Utah
Root Sports Northwest
Various, see AT&T SportsNet for more information Green check.svg
(Rocky Mountain and Southwest feeds only)
1996 Acquired by Liberty Media in 2008 as part of an asset swap with then-Fox Sports owner News Corporation, these networks were spun off into the AT&T Sports Networks division of DirecTV in 2009.[47] DirecTV's Fox Sports affiliates were rebranded as Root Sports on April 1, 2011, and all except Northwest later rebranded as AT&T SportsNet in 2017 after AT&T acquired DirecTV two years earlier.[23] AT&T SportsNet Southwest is the only network in the group that does not air Fox Sports-sourced programming.
MASN2 Washington, D.C., Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, West Virginia, Pennsylvania and Delaware Baltimore Orioles (MLB)
Washington Nationals (MLB)
Dark Red x.svg 2013 Airs most Fox Sports-sourced programming, with the exception of select ACC games to which NBC Sports Washington holds rights.
MSG Plus New York
northern New Jersey
northeast Pennsylvania
southern Connecticut
New Jersey Devils (NHL)
New York Islanders (NHL)
local coverage of the Big East Conference
Cablevision Sports 3 (1976-1979)
SportsChannel New York (1979–1998)
FSN New York (1998–2008)
Green check.svg 1998 Operates as a sister network of MSG Network; Owned by MSG Networks, a spin-off of Cablevision. Fox previously had partial ownership of the network. It was rebranded as MSG Plus on March 10, 2008.[48][49] As of September 2013, MSG Plus now airs a reduced schedule of Fox Sports programming, with certain other programs airing on YES Network.
New England Sports Network Massachusetts, eastern and central Connecticut, Vermont, Maine, New Hampshire and Rhode Island Boston Bruins (NHL), Boston Red Sox (MLB) 2013 NESN began carrying Fox Sports-produced ACC games in September 2013, following Comcast SportsNet New England's (now NBC Sports Boston) relinquishing of the regional television rights.

Former networks[edit]

Channel Region served Team rights Formerly operated as Tenure with FSN Notes
FSN Bay Area Northern and central California, northwestern Nevada and parts of southern Oregon San Francisco Giants (MLB)
Oakland Athletics (MLB)
San Jose Sharks (NHL)
Golden State Warriors (NBA)
San Jose Stealth (NLL)
San Jose Sabercats (AFL)
local coverage of the Pacific-10, West Coast, Mountain West and Western Athletic Conferences.
Pacific Sports Network (PSN) (1984–1990), SportsChannel Bay Area (1990–1993), SportsChannel Pacific (1993–1998) 1998–2007 In April 2007, Cablevision sold its 60% interest in FSN Bay Area to Comcast. The network was rebranded as Comcast SportsNet Bay Area on March 31, 2008, and continued to carry select FSN programming until August 2012. Fox Sports sold its stake in the network to Comcast in April 2008.
Fox Sports Houston Southern Texas and southern Louisiana Houston Astros (MLB)
Houston Rockets (NBA)
Houston Dynamo (MLS)
Houston Texans (NFL)
(team-related analysis programming)
local coverage of Big 12 Conference and Conference USA
2009–2012 Originally launched as a subfeed of Fox Sports Southwest; became a 24-hour channel on January 12, 2009.[50] Fox Sports Houston was the television home of the Houston Astros and the Houston Rockets until Comcast SportsNet Houston acquired the rights to both teams in 2012;[51] that deal resulted in the shut down of Fox Sports Houston on October 5, 2012, with the main Fox Sports Southwest feed replacing it on area cable providers.[52]

Became Root Sports Southwest after Comcast SportsNet Houston went into bankruptcy.

FSN Chicago Northern Illinois, northern Indiana, and eastern Iowa Chicago Cubs (MLB)
Chicago Bulls (NBA)
Chicago Blackhawks (NHL)
Chicago Fire (MLS)
Chicago Rush (AFL)
Chicago White Sox (MLB)
local and national collegiate sports (included some events sourced from Fox Sports Detroit)
Sportsvision Chicago (1979–1984), Hawkvision (1984–1987; rights shared with ONTV), SportsChannel Chicago (1987–1998) 1998–2006 FSN Chicago served as the production hub for the Chicago Sports Report, Ohio Sports Report and Bay Area Sports Report (all of which were 50% owned by Rainbow Sports/Cablevision). Comcast SportsNet Chicago now airs FSN's national programming, and occupies FSN Chicago's former facilities at 350 North Orleans Street, which also houses the offices of the Chicago Sun-Times. The former Chicago Sports Report set was purchased by NBC affiliate WREX in Rockford, Illinois for use as that station's main news set. FSN Chicago shut down on June 23, 2006.
FSN New England Massachusetts, eastern and central Connecticut, Vermont, Maine, New Hampshire and Rhode Island Boston Celtics (NBA)
local college sports
SportsChannel New England (1986–1998) 1998–2007 In April 2007, Cablevision sold its 50% interest in FSN New England to Comcast, effectively giving the latter full ownership of the channel. It was rebranded as Comcast SportsNet New England on July 1, 2007, and continued to carry select FSN programming until August 2012.

Partner services[edit]

Comcast SportsNet[edit]

From its inception in 1997 until July 31, 2012, Comcast maintained an agreement to carry select programming sourced from Fox Sports Net on its six Comcast SportsNet regional networks: Comcast SportsNet Bay Area, Comcast SportsNet California, Comcast SportsNet Chicago, Comcast SportsNet Mid-Atlantic, Comcast SportsNet New England and Comcast SportsNet Philadelphia.[53]

From September 2012 to September 2013, Fox syndicated select college football games produced by the Fox Sports regional networks to broadcast television stations in some of these markets. Comcast Sports Net Mid-Atlantic resumed airing select Fox Sports-produced ACC games in 2013; however, Fox Sports programming has not returned to any other CSN network. As of 2015, most of Fox Sports Networks' other programming is presently carried in the Baltimore and Washington, D.C. markets on MASN2 and in the Boston market on the New England Sports Network (NESN), however Fox Sports does not have distributors for its national RSN programming in the Chicago, Philadelphia and San Francisco markets.

Fox College Sports (FCS)[edit]

Fox Sports Networks also operates Fox College Sports (FCS), a slate of three digital cable channels (Fox College Sports Atlantic, Fox College Sports Central, and Fox College Sports Pacific) featuring programming divided by region (primarily collegiate and high school sports, as well as minor league sports events) from each individual FSN network; the FCS networks also carry each affiliate's regional sports news programs and non-news-and-event programming (such as coaches shows, team magazines, and documentaries). The three networks are, more or less, condensed versions of the 22 FSN-affiliated networks (including Comcast SportsNet Mid-Atlantic), though the channels also show international events that do not fit within the programming inventories of FSN or Fox Soccer Plus (and prior to 2013, the latter's now-defunct parent Fox Soccer), such as the Commonwealth Games, World University Games and the FINA World Swimming Championships.

The three FCS channels offer FSN feeds from the following channels, including live Big 12 Conference football, Pac-12 Conference football and basketball and Atlantic Coast Conference basketball games. The channels also rebroadcast shows originally produced by and shown on the following listed networks:

  • FCS Atlantic: Fox Sports South, Fox Sports Carolinas, Fox Sports Tennessee, Fox Sports Southeast, Fox Sports Florida, Fox Sports Sun, MSG Plus and AT&T SportsNet Pittsburgh;
  • FCS Central: Fox Sports Detroit, Fox Sports Southwest, Fox Sports Oklahoma, Fox Sports North, Fox Sports Wisconsin, Fox Sports Midwest, Fox Sports Kansas City, Fox Sports Indiana and Fox Sports Ohio;
  • FCS Pacific: Fox Sports Arizona, Fox Sports West/Prime Ticket, AT&T SportsNet Rocky Mountain and Root Sports Northwest.

Fox College Sports also broadcasts high school and Independent Women's Football League games, and college magazine and coach's shows. Fox College Sports formerly partnered with Big Ten Network to provide programming.

High definition[edit]

All of the Fox Sports Networks regional affiliates maintain high definition simulcast feeds presented in 720p (the default resolution format for 21st Century Fox's broadcast and pay television properties). All sports programming broadcast on each of the networks (including most team-related analysis and discussion programs, and non-event amateur sports programs) is broadcast in a format optimized for 16:9 widescreen displays, with graphics now framed within a widescreen safe area rather than the 4:3 safe area, intended to be shown in a letterboxed format for standard definition viewers.

National programs[edit]

Programming strategy[edit]

The programming strategy adopted by most of the Fox Sports Networks is to acquire the play-by-play broadcast rights to major sports teams in their regional market. This does not include NFL games, since the league's contracts require all games to be aired on broadcast television in each participating team's local markets. Therefore, FSN focuses on other major professional leagues, like the MLB, NHL, NBA and WNBA.

In addition to local play-by-play coverage, the FSN networks also broadcast and produce pre-game shows, post-game shows, and weekly "magazine" shows centered on the teams that maintain rights with the individual network. In some markets, FSN competes directly with other regional sports networks for the broadcast rights to team-specific programming. FSN networks also purchase sports and outdoors programming from outside producers in their region to fill out their schedule further, with Fox Sports purchasing additional programming for national airing. Finally, low-trafficked late night and early morning timeslots are programmed locally with paid programming.

Also, FSN has competed directly with ESPN in acquiring the conference rights to various collegiate sports events. One notable agreement is that with the Pac-12 Conference, in which packages of football and men's basketball regular season games are broadcast across all FSN networks within the regions served by each Pac-12 member university. Fox Sports Networks broadcasts the majority of the Pac-12 Conference Men's Basketball Tournament, except the tournament final, as well as a few Pac-12 matches from other conference-sanctioned sports (such as baseball and volleyball).

Besides play-by-play game rights, FSN provided a common set of programming that was available to all its regional sports networks, most notably The Dan Patrick Show, The Best Damn Sports Show Period and Final Score (TBDSSP and Final Score eventually ceased production, while The Dan Patrick Show later moved to the NBC Sports Network). Until August 2012, in some of regions served by that RSN, member channels of the competing Comcast SportsNet (as mentioned above) carried FSN programming through broadcast agreements with Fox Sports.

Fox Sports Networks' national sports telecasts were formerly marketed under the "FSN" brand; these national programs began to use more generic branding with fewer references to FSN or Fox in 2008, as a result of a number of Fox Sports Net affiliates being rebranded or realigned with other RSN chains (including FSN New England and FSN Bay Area, which both became part of Comcast SportsNet; FSN New York's relaunch as MSG Plus, the sister to MSG Network; and the eventual relaunch of several FSN affiliates acquired by DirecTV Sports Networks under the Root Sports brand), however these networks have since reverted to utilizing Fox branding on their FSN-syndicated broadcasts.

National prime time programming[edit]

In addition to regional programming, the Fox Sports Networks carry some prime time programming distributed to all of the regional networks (including past and present series such as The Best Damn Sports Show Period and Chris Myers Interviews). FSN has tried to compete with ESPN in regards to original programming, most notably with the Fox Sports National Sports Report, a daily sports news program designed to compete with ESPN's SportsCenter, which debuted on FSN in 1996. Originally a two-hour program, the running time of National Sports Report was steadily cut back (eventually dwindling to 30 minutes) as its ratings declined and the cost of producing the program increased. FSN hired popular former SportsCenter anchor Keith Olbermann and used him to promote the show heavily; ratings continued to slide, however, leading Fox Sports to cancel the National Sports Report, which aired its last edition in February 2002.

In some markets, FSN aired the Regional Sports Report (whose headline title was usually customized with the name of the region in which the particular program was broadcast, such as the Midwest Sports Report or Detroit Sports Report), a companion news program focusing primarily on regional sports as well as highlights and news on other sports teams that debuted in 2000 to complement the National Sports Report; many of the regional reports were cancelled in 2002 due to increasing costs of producing the individual programs.[54]

Live national play-by-play[edit]

Other sports[edit]

Other shows[edit]

  • Amazing Sports Stories (2007-2011) – a weekly half-hour re-enactment series illustrating various sports-related human interest stories (among those recounted included those on Bert Shepard's only game as a major-league pitcher, in which he made history as the first Major League Baseball player to play wearing a prosthetic device (it replaced one of his legs); Jackie Mitchell, a female pitcher who struck out Babe Ruth and Lou Gehrig in an exhibition game; Lawrence Lemieux, a Canadian Olympic yachtsman who sacrificed his chance at a medal to save the life of two fellow competitors from Singapore; and Ben Malcolmson, a writer for the University of Southern California newspaper The Daily Trojan who walked onto the USC Trojans football team).
  • Boys in the Hall (2011-2012) – a documentary series, narrated by Tom Brokaw, chronicling notable baseball players.
  • In Focus on FSN (2006–2009) – a half-hour series, hosted by Dick Enberg, taking a look at the impact of a particular sports event, mostly told through still photography.[55]
  • Mind, Body & Kickin' Moves (2007-2009) – a re-edited version of the British martial arts show Mind, Body & Kick Ass Moves.
  • NASCAR This Morning (2001-2004) – a morning program featuring analysis and news around the NASCAR circuit.
  • Totally NASCAR (2001–2004 and 2010) – a daily program featuring news around the NASCAR circuit, interviews and race highlights (including those not permitted for carriage by the similarly formatted ESPN2 program RPM 2Night). Many FSN affiliates now carry Around the Track, a similarly formatted version of the program.
  • Toughest Cowboy (2007-2008) – a series of weekly competitions in which rodeo cowboys attempt to ride in bareback, saddle bronc, and bull riding. Each of those three disciplines is a round in the event, and this show tours arenas throughout the United States.

In addition, FSN airs an extensive lineup of poker shows, including Poker Superstars Invitational Tournament and MansionPoker.net PokerDome Challenge. The World Poker Tour began broadcasting its on FSN with its seventh season. It recently concluded airing its 15th season.

Former programming[edit]

  • 2Xtreem Motorcycle TV (2008) – a renovation series focusing on motorcycle customizing, hosted by four-person team of current and former AMA licensed racers and mechanics. The show remains in production and was offered to FSN and its other networks in a brokered programming arrangement.
  • 54321 (November 2002 – November 2003) – a short-lived action sports news and variety program hosted by Leeann Tweeden, Chad Towersey, Kip Williamson and Jason "Wee-Man" Acuña.
  • Baseball's Golden Age (July 6 – September 28, 2008) – a 13-episode documentary series profiling the history of baseball from the 1920s to the 1960s, illustrated partly using archived film footage.
  • BCS Breakdown (September 2006 – 2011) – a preview of the week's top college football games, with analysis on their potential influence on the Bowl Championship Series standings; the program was hosted by Tom Helmer, with Gary Barnett and Petros Papadakis as analysts. The program was created through Fox Sports' acquisition of the television rights to the Bowl Championship Series (with the exception of the Rose Bowl Game) that ran until the 2011 series.
  • The Best Damn Sports Show Period (July 23, 2001 – June 30, 2009) – a late-night panel discussion program featuring analysis of sports headlines and interviews.
  • Beyond the Glory (January 7, 2001 – January 1, 2006) – a biographical program focusing on events and notable athletes in sports.
  • The Chris Myers Interview (2008–2011) – an interview program featuring one-on-one discussions with sports figures, hosted by Chris Myers.
  • The Dan Patrick Show (October 25, 2010 – October 17, 2012) – a simulcast of the sports talk radio program hosted by Dan Patrick; the program moved to NBC Sports Network (now NBCSN), Root Sports, and the Audience Network in 2012.[56]
  • FSN Across America (2003–2004) – a newsmagazine program featuring in-depth stories and interviews. Original co-host Carolyn Hughes was released by FSN citing a violation of a morals clause in Hughes's contract following the discovery of her affair with Los Angeles Dodgers pitcher Derek Lowe in 2004; the show was cancelled shortly afterward.
  • The FSN Baseball Report (2006–2008) – a daily baseball analysis program aired during the Major League Baseball season.
  • FSN Final Score (2006–2011) – a half-hour national sports news program (later retitled as simply Final Score on April 23, 2008) strictly focusing on game highlights that ran from July 3, 2006, to 2011; the program was originally anchored by FSN veterans Van Earl Wright, Barry LeBrock and Andrew Siciliano, later joined by newcomers Greg Wolf and Danyelle Sargent.
  • FSN Pro Football Preview (2005–2010) – a weekly analysis program featuring previews of the week's upcoming National Football League games.
  • Goin' Deep (2000–2001) – an hour-long newsmagazine series focusing on contentious issues in sports; the program was originally hosted by Joe Buck and later by Chris Myers.
  • I, Max (May 10, 2004 – February 18, 2005) – a talk show hosted by Max Kellerman; the program was cancelled due to multiple factors, including Kellerman taking time away from the sports television industry after his brother's murder and creative differences regarding the show's future direction.
  • The Last Word (March 1998,–May, 2002) – a nightly sports analysis and discussion program originally hosted by Wallace Matthews (in New York City) and Jim Rome (in Los Angeles), the latter of whom later took over as the program's sole host.
  • The Official BCS Ratings Show (October 15, 2006 – 2011) – The weekly program announcing the current Bowl Championship Series standings (equivalent to ESPN's current College Football Playoff standings show); the program was hosted by Tom Helmer, with Gary Barnett and Petros Papadakis as analysts. The program aired on FSN as a result of Fox Sports' acquisition of the television rights to the Bowl Championship Series (with the exception of the Rose Bowl Game that ran until the 2011 series.
  • Shaun Alexander Live (2001) – a short-lived variety show that ran for several months in 2001; the program poked fun of host Shaun Alexander's lack of recognition despite his accomplishments.[57]
  • Sport Science (September 9, 2007 – October 20, 2009) – a weekly program explaining various athletic skills and techniques through scientific methods, many of which analyzed for the program in a performance laboratory at an airport hangar set up by FSN. The concept then moved to ESPN, where Sports Science is a regular SportsCenter segment with some 'best-of' compilation programs.
  • Sports Geniuses (March–June 2000) – a sports trivia game show, hosted by Matt Vasgersian.
  • The Sports List (August 1 – September 7, 2004) – a daily sports news program featuring a countdown of ten stories based on sports topic, hosted by Summer Sanders.
  • TNA Impact! (June 2004 – May 2005) – a professional wrestling program featuring matches from the Total Nonstop Action promotion; the program has since moved to several different networks.
  • Totally Football (2000–2001) – a weekly football analysis program.
  • The Ultimate Fan League (1998–1999) – a sports trivia game show, hosted by Bil Dwyer.
  • You Gotta See This (1998–2007) – a video compilation series featuring unusual and amazing highlights from the world of sports.

Teams by network[edit]

Network NBA MLB NHL Other
Fox Sports Arizona Phoenix Suns Arizona Diamondbacks Arizona Coyotes Phoenix Mercury (WNBA)
Fox Sports Carolinas /
Fox Sports Southeast
Charlotte Hornets Carolina Hurricanes
Fox Sports Detroit Detroit Pistons Detroit Tigers Detroit Red Wings
Fox Sports Florida Orlando Magic Miami Marlins Florida Panthers
Fox Sports Indiana Indiana Pacers Indiana Fever (WNBA)
Fox Sports Kansas City Kansas City Royals Sporting Kansas City (MLS)
Fox Sports Midwest St. Louis Cardinals St. Louis Blues
Fox Sports New Orleans New Orleans Pelicans
Fox Sports North Minnesota Timberwolves Minnesota Twins Minnesota Wild Minnesota Lynx (WNBA)
Minnesota United FC (MLS)
Fox Sports Ohio Cleveland Cavaliers Cincinnati Reds Columbus Blue Jackets
Fox Sports Oklahoma Oklahoma City Thunder
Fox Sports San Diego San Diego Padres
Fox Sports South /
Fox Sports Southeast
Atlanta Hawks Atlanta Braves Atlanta Dream (WNBA)
Atlanta United FC (MLS)
Fox Sports Southwest Dallas Mavericks
San Antonio Spurs
Texas Rangers Dallas Stars
Fox Sports Sun Miami Heat Tampa Bay Rays Tampa Bay Lightning
Fox Sports Tennessee /
Fox Sports Southeast
Memphis Grizzlies Nashville Predators
Fox Sports West /
Prime Ticket
Los Angeles Clippers Los Angeles Angels Los Angeles Kings
Anaheim Ducks
Fox Sports Wisconsin Milwaukee Bucks Milwaukee Brewers Minnesota Wild Minnesota United FC (MLS)
SportsTime Ohio Cleveland Indians
YES Network Brooklyn Nets New York Yankees New York City FC (MLS)

Pay-per-view[edit]

FSN distributed its first pay-per-view event on November 10, 2006, a boxing match in which former heavyweight champion Evander Holyfield defeated Fres Oquendo in a unanimous decision at the Alamodome in San Antonio, Texas. The fight was also streamed free of charge on the FoxSports.com website outside the United States.

Americans in Focus[edit]

In February 2008, FSN launched a public service initiative called "Americans in Focus", with the sponsorship support of Farmers Insurance. This initiative consists of one-minute vignettes profiling persons of non-Caucasian ethnicity, with segments airing on the FSN networks in February 2008 and 2009 during Black History Month, from September 15 to October 15, 2008, for Hispanic Heritage Month and in March 2009 for Asian Pacific American Heritage Month. The Americans in Focus vignettes and the companion sub-site on the Fox Sports website were discontinued in April 2009.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "FOX AND LIBERTY OUTLINE PLANS FOR NEW CABLE VENTURE". Sports Business Journal. November 1, 1995. Retrieved April 9, 2015.
  2. ^ "FOX GIVES NEW NAME TO SPORTS ALLIANCE: FOX SPORTS NET". Sports Business Journal. July 3, 1996. Retrieved April 9, 2015.
  3. ^ R. Thomas Umstead (July 8, 1996). "Liberty Sports regionals will become Fox Sports net". Multichannel News. Retrieved April 7, 2015 – via HighBeam Research.
  4. ^ "FOX SPORTS NET DEBUTS ON NOV. 1". The Columbian. Associated Press. September 13, 1996. Retrieved April 7, 2015 – via HighBeam Research.
  5. ^ "FOX SPORTS NET ANNOUNCES DEBUT FOR NOVEMBER 1". Sports Business Journal. September 13, 1996. Retrieved April 9, 2015.
  6. ^ "Fox putting together national Sports Net // Changes ahead for SportsChannel". Chicago Sun-Times. June 24, 1997. Retrieved April 7, 2015 – via HighBeam Research.
  7. ^ John M. Higgins (June 30, 1997). "National net keys regional deal. (Fox Sports, Liberty Media Corp. challenge ESPN with stake in SportsChannel)". Broadcasting & Cable. Retrieved April 7, 2015 – via HighBeam Research.
  8. ^ "SPORTS LANDSCAPE ALTERED WITH FOX/LIBERTY-CABLEVISION DEAL". Sports Business Journal. June 23, 1997. Retrieved April 9, 2015.
  9. ^ John M. Higgins (June 23, 1997). "TCI/News Corp. $850M SportsChannel deal close. (Tele-Communications Inc, proposed acquisition of cable sports network)". Broadcasting & Cable. Retrieved April 7, 2015 – via HighBeam Research.
  10. ^ Steve Donohue (November 15, 1999). "Rainbow, Fox Deal for Florida Net". Multichannel News. Retrieved April 7, 2015 – via HighBeam Research.
  11. ^ Judd Zulgad (May 12, 2000). "BROADCAST SPORTS; Local teams could be interested in buying MSC.(SPORTS)". Star Tribune. Retrieved April 7, 2015 – via HighBeam Research.
  12. ^ Judd Zulgad (July 12, 2000). "Comcast agrees to buy MSC; Announced deal appears to be a setback for Fox Sports Net.(SPORTS)". Star Tribune. Retrieved April 7, 2015 – via HighBeam Research.
  13. ^ Linda Moss; R. Thomas Umstead (July 24, 2000). "Fox Sports Net Suing to Block HTS Sell-Off.(Home Team Sports)(Brief Article)". Multichannel News. Retrieved April 7, 2015 – via HighBeam Research.
  14. ^ Judd Zulgad (September 8, 2000). "BROADCAST SPORTS; Fox Sports' agreement to acquire MSC now final.(SPORTS)". Star Tribune. Retrieved April 7, 2015 – via HighBeam Research.
  15. ^ Richard Sandomir (February 23, 2005). "Cablevision Locks Up Garden". The New York Times.
  16. ^ Leon Lazaroff (February 23, 2005). "News Corp. exits Chicago Fox sports station". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved April 9, 2015.
  17. ^ "No need for FSN Chicago". The Daily Journal. June 27, 2006. Retrieved April 9, 2015.
  18. ^ "News Corp. Reaches Deal with Liberty Media". The New York Times. December 22, 2006. Retrieved April 9, 2015.
  19. ^ "Liberty Media to Unite Assets With DirecTV". The New York Times. Reuters. May 4, 2009. Retrieved April 9, 2015.
  20. ^ Todd Spangler (May 4, 2009). "DirecTV, Liberty Media Announce Spin-Off Plan". Multichannel News. Retrieved April 16, 2015.
  21. ^ Mike Reynolds (November 20, 2009). "Liberty Sports Rebrands As DirecTV Sports Networks". Multichannel News. Retrieved April 16, 2015.
  22. ^ Cynthia Littleton (April 30, 2007). "Comcast sports new cable networks". Variety. Retrieved April 18, 2015.
  23. ^ a b "'Root Sports' new name for sports networks". Denver Business Journal. American City Business Journals. December 17, 2010.
  24. ^ a b "News Corp. Acquires 49% of YES Network, Yankees". Deadline Hollywood. November 2012.
  25. ^ a b "21st Century Fox Acquires Majority Control of YES Network". Broadcasting & Cable. January 2014.
  26. ^ Ben Munson (December 6, 2017). "Disney's pursuit of Fox RSNs could be big boost for ESPN". FierceCable. Retrieved December 12, 2017.
  27. ^ Goldman, David (2017-12-14). "Disney buys 21st Century Fox: Who gets what". CNNMoney. Retrieved 2017-12-14.
  28. ^ Littleton, Cynthia (June 27, 2018). "Justice Department Approves Disney's Acquisition of 21st Century Fox With Divestiture of Regional Sports Networks". Variety. Retrieved June 27, 2018.
  29. ^ "Disney wins US antitrust approval to buy Fox assets". CNBC. June 27, 2018. Retrieved June 27, 2018.
  30. ^ Soshnick, Scott (June 14, 2018). "Yankees Consider Buying Back YES If Fox Sells Assets". Bloomberg. Retrieved June 15, 2018.
  31. ^ https://www.wsj.com/articles/sports-channels-draw-interest-from-private-equity-new-fox-and-ice-cube-1540891800
  32. ^ Wilen, Holden (Oct 3, 2018). "Sinclair Broadcast CEO eyes deal for Fox's regional sports networks". Baltimore Business Journal. American Business Journals. Retrieved 2018-11-12.
  33. ^ "Sinclair Considers Private Equity to Purchase Fox Sports Networks". insideradio.com. 2018-10-03. Retrieved 2018-11-12.
  34. ^ Meg James (2018-11-08). "Auction of Fox's regional sports networks draws interest from Amazon and maybe LeBron James". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2018-11-12.
  35. ^ Smith, Gerry; Ahmed, Nablia (August 11, 2018). "Fight for Fox Local Sports Channels Could Shake Up Broadcasting". Bloomberg. Retrieved October 14, 2018.
  36. ^ "Apollo finds TV station partner for Tribune Media bid". NASDAQ.com. Reuters. November 28, 2018. Retrieved December 12, 2018.
  37. ^ Faber, David (November 20, 2018). "Amazon bids for Disney's 22 regional sports channels, including YES Network, sources say". CNBC. Retrieved November 20, 2018.
  38. ^ "Sinclair Broadcasting seeks redemption in its bid for Fox's regional sports networks". Fox Business Network. December 11, 2018. Retrieved December 12, 2018.
  39. ^ https://www.bizjournals.com/losangeles/news/2018/12/11/disney-looking-to-sell-fox-regional-sports.html
  40. ^ "Disney plans to split up Fox's local sports networks to sell". New York Post. December 10, 2018. Retrieved December 12, 2018.
  41. ^ "Hornets, FOX Sports announce TV deal". Houma Today. June 26, 2012.
  42. ^ "FOX Sports South and SportSouth acquire 45 additional Braves games beginning this season". Fox Sports South. February 28, 2013. Retrieved September 7, 2013.
  43. ^ Rodney Ho (August 24, 2015). "SportSouth becomes Fox Sports Southeast". Atlanta Journal-Constitution. Retrieved August 25, 2015.
  44. ^ Joe Lucia (August 25, 2015). "SportSouth is rebranding to Fox Sports Southeast". Awful Announcing. Retrieved August 25, 2015.
  45. ^ "Time Warner Scores L.A. Lakers Regional Sports Network Rights". Multichannel News. February 14, 2011.
  46. ^ "Dodgers announce deal with Time Warner, launch of SportsNet LA". CBS Sports. January 28, 2013.
  47. ^ "News Corp sells DirecTV stake to Liberty Media for News Corp stake, 550 mln usd". Forbes. December 22, 2006.
  48. ^ Neil Best (February 26, 2008). "FSNY to be renamed MSG Plus". Newsday. Archived from the original on April 26, 2008. Retrieved February 26, 2008.
  49. ^ R. Thomas Umstead (February 29, 2008). "FSNY To Morph into MSG Plus". Multichannel News. Retrieved February 29, 2008.
  50. ^ "Fox Sports Houston set for new identity". Houston Business Journal. American City Business Journals. January 7, 2009.
  51. ^ "Astros, Rockets reach deal on new network". MLB.com. August 3, 2010.
  52. ^ "Fox Sports Houston signs off with familiar face". Houston Chronicle. October 2, 2012.
  53. ^ John Ourand (August 14, 2012). "NBC Sports Group Drops FSN Programming From Comcast RSNs". Sports Business Journal. Retrieved April 9, 2015.
  54. ^ "Fox Sports Net cancels 'National Sports Report'". Enquirer. January 17, 2002.
  55. ^ "Roggin Gives Up Radio Talk Show". Los Angeles Times. June 9, 2006. Archived from the original on December 1, 2008.
  56. ^ "The Dan Patrick Show Syndicated to More Than 85 Million Homes! – Fox Sports Net Will Distribute the Popular Sports Talk TV Series Beginning October 25". DirecTV (Press release). October 4, 2010.
  57. ^ "Shaun Alexander 1977–". Biography Today. Omnigraphics, Inc. 16 (2): 9. 2007. ISSN 1058-2347.

External links[edit]