Foxcatcher

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Foxcatcher
Three men standing shoulder to shoulder. In the background, a painted eagle.
Theatrical release poster
Directed by Bennett Miller
Produced by
Written by
Starring
Music by
Cinematography Greig Fraser
Edited by
Production
company
Annapurna Pictures
Likely Story
Distributed by Sony Pictures Classics
Release dates
Running time
134 minutes[1]
Country United States
Language English
Budget $24 million[a]
Box office $15.9 million[3][4]

Foxcatcher is a 2014 American biographical sports and true crime drama film produced and directed by Bennett Miller. Written by E. Max Frye and Dan Futterman, the film stars Steve Carell, Channing Tatum, and Mark Ruffalo. The film's plot is loosely based on the events surrounding multimillionaire E.I. du Pont family heir and wrestling enthusiast John E. du Pont's 1986 recruitment of 1984 U.S. Olympic gold medalist wrestlers Mark Schultz and his older brother Dave to help coach U.S. wrestlers for participation in national, world, and Olympic competition, and the subsequent murder of Dave by du Pont in January 1996. Although the film's action is largely set at du Pont's now-broken-up 800-acre suburban Philadelphia estate Foxcatcher Farm, the majority of the movie was filmed in the Pittsburgh metropolitan area.

Foxcatcher was nominated for the Palme d'Or in the main competition section at the 2014 Cannes Film Festival, where Miller won the Best Director Award. The film had three Golden Globe Award nominations, including Best Picture.[5] The film was nominated for five Oscars at the 2015 Academy Awards, including a Best Actor nomination for Carell, Best Supporting Actor for Ruffalo, and Best Director for Miller.[6] It became the first film to be nominated for Best Director but not Best Picture since 2008, when Julian Schnabel was nominated for The Diving Bell and the Butterfly, two years before the Academy extended its maximum number of Best Picture nominees to 10 films.[7] The film received critical acclaim for the performances of Carell, Tatum, and Ruffalo, as well as Miller's direction and the film's visual style and tone.

Plot[edit]

Olympic wrestling champion Mark Schultz (Channing Tatum) speaks at an elementary school in place of his older brother, Dave (Mark Ruffalo).[N 1] Both are Olympic gold medal winners, but Mark feels overshadowed by Dave. Mark is contacted by philanthropist and wrestling enthusiast John E. du Pont (Steve Carell), an heir to the E.I. du Pont family fortune, who arranges to fly Mark to his estate in Pennsylvania where du Pont has built a private wrestling training facility. Du Pont invites Mark to join his wrestling team, Team Foxcatcher, to train for the World Championship and be paid. Mark accepts the offer, with du Pont urging him to enlist Dave as well. Dave declines for the sake of his wife and two children who are settled where they live, so Mark moves to Pennsylvania alone.[N 2]

Mark stays in a homey guest house ("the chalet") and is greeted there later in the night by du Pont.[N 3] Through training with his new teammates and du Pont's financial support, Mark excels with Foxcatcher, winning a gold medal at the 1987 World Wrestling Championships. Du Pont praises him and they develop a friendship. Du Pont introduces Mark to cocaine, which he starts to use regularly. He confides in Mark, whom he now calls a true friend, telling him how his mother, Jean du Pont (Vanessa Redgrave), paid a boy to act as his friend. Jean tells her son that she believes wrestling is a "low sport" and does not like seeing him "being low". One day, Mark and his teammates in Foxcatcher take the morning off from training to watch mixed martial arts (MMA) on TV. Angered by this (as well as Mark's insistence that his brother will not join Team Foxcatcher), du Pont verbally and physically rebuffs him, saying that he'll enlist Dave by any means necessary.

Dave decides to move with his family to Pennsylvania so he can join Foxcatcher.[N 4] His self-esteem damaged by du Pont, Mark decides to work and train alone, pushing du Pont and even Dave away. As Team Foxcatcher prepares to enter the preliminaries for the 1988 Summer Olympics in Seoul, du Pont's mother is escorted into du Pont's gym to watch him coach his team. He awkwardly demonstrates basic maneuvers for her and the other wrestlers. Jean leaves in disgust after seeing du Pont give his back to his student.

At the 1988 Olympic Trials in Pensacola, Florida, Mark performs poorly, losing his first match. Angered by his failure, Mark destroys his room, cries and goes on an eating binge. Dave manages to break into his room and is alarmed at his brother's condition. They work feverishly so Mark can make his weight class. As Mark exercises, Dave prevents du Pont from speaking with Mark. Mark competes well enough to win his match and make the Olympic team. Dave notices that du Pont is absent, learning that he left for Pennsylvania after being told his mother died.[N 5] After returning to the estate, Mark tells Dave that "you and I both know that I can't stay" at Foxcatcher once the Olympics are over and asks Dave to leave with him. A documentary funded by du Pont about his exploits with Team Foxcatcher is made, during which Dave is asked to praise him as coach and mentor. Mark loses his matches in Seoul, after which he leaves Team Foxcatcher. While Dave continues to live at du Pont's estate and train with Foxcatcher, as a condition for his remaining, he negotiates an arrangement with du Pont to continue to support Mark financially.[N 6]

Later, du Pont is seen sitting alone in his mansion's trophy room watching the documentary about Team Foxcatcher, which ends with Mark complimenting du Pont at a ceremony depicted earlier.[N 7] Du Pont calls his bodyguard and drives to Dave's home, where he finds him in the driveway working on his car radio. As Schultz approaches du Pont's car to greet him, du Pont rolls down his window, asks Dave "Do you have a problem with me?," and shoots him three times at close range. Dave's wife, Nancy (Sienna Miller), calls 911 and as du Pont drives off, she runs outside to her husband who dies in her arms. Du Pont is later arrested outside his own home and the film ends showing Mark as he competes in a cage fighting match with the crowd's cheers ringing in his head.[N 8]

Cast[edit]

Production[edit]

Bennett Miller began developing the project in 2010 after acquiring the rights to the story from Michael Coleman and Tom Heller.[26] Megan Ellison financed the film through her Annapurna Pictures, also producing alongside Miller, Jon Kilik, and Anthony Bregman.[27] Sony Pictures Classics became the distributor, taking over from Sony's Columbia Pictures, which had co-financed the film. Miller said "it's always been my hope and expectation that they (SPC) would distribute the film."[28]

From left: Producers Jon Kilik and Megan Ellison, Mark Ruffalo, Channing Tatum, director Bennett Miller, and Steve Carell at the 2014 Cannes Film Festival

Shooting began in the Pittsburgh metropolitan area on October 15, 2012, in and near the suburbs of Sewickley, Pennsylvania, Sewickley Heights, and Edgeworth.[29]

With du Pont's mansion, Liseter Hall, having been demolished in January 2013, the filmmakers used Morven Park, an historic estate in Leesburg, Virginia with a similar facade, for exterior filming.[30] An 1899 mansion, Wilpen Hall, in the wealthy Pittsburgh suburb of Sewickley Heights, Pennsylvania, served as Foxcatcher's stand-in for the interior filming location for du Pont's Philadelphia-area estate.[31] Filming also took place in the Pittsburgh area communities of Rector (Ligonier Township), McKeesport, White Oak, and Connoquenessing.[32][33][34] The production sought permission to film in West Mifflin Middle School in West Mifflin, Pennsylvania.[35] In December 2012, filming took place in Washington, Pennsylvania, Trinity High School, the Petersen Events Center in the Pittsburgh neighborhood of Oakland, and the California University of Pennsylvania Convocation Center.[36][37][38][39] Filming was scheduled to last through January 2013.[29]

Channing Tatum stated that the role was "the hardest acting challenge I've had to date."[40]

The scene where the Foxcatcher team watches mixed martial arts on television in 1988 uses footage from Gary Goodridge's win over Paul Herrera at UFC 8, from February 1996. At UFC 9 that March, Mark Schultz made his MMA debut, defeating Goodridge. In the film, he is depicted facing a fictional opponent.

Release[edit]

A release date for Foxcatcher was originally set for December 20, 2013. The date was postponed to allow for more time to complete the film, according to Sony Pictures Classics.[41] The film debuted at the 2014 Cannes Film Festival in May 2014, in competition for the Palme d'Or, the festival's highest prize,[42] where director Bennett Miller won the Award for Best Director.[43] The film made its way through the late-2014 festival circuit, appearing at the Telluride, Toronto, New York, Vancouver and London film festivals.[44] Foxcatcher received a limited release on November 14, 2014.[45] The film opened across U.S. theaters through December 2014 and January 2015.[46] The film was released on Blu-Ray and DVD March 3, 2015.

Reception[edit]

Box office[edit]

Foxcatcher grossed $12.1 million in America and $3.8 million in foreign markets for a total gross of $15.9 million, against its $24 million budget.[3]

The film was given a limited release in North America on November 14, 2014, grossing $270,877 from 6 theaters, an average of $45,146 per theater. The film had its wide release on January 16, 2015, opening in 759 theaters and grossing $980,000, finishing 20th at the box office.

Critical response[edit]

Foxcatcher received acclaim from critics, with many praising the performances of Carell, Tatum, and Ruffalo.[47][48] Rotten Tomatoes gives the film a rating of 88%, based on 209 reviews, with an average rating of 7.9/10. The site's critical consensus states, "A chilling true crime drama, Foxcatcher offers Steve Carell, Mark Ruffalo and Channing Tatum a chance to shine—and all three rise to the challenge."[49] On Metacritic the film has a score of 81 out of 100, based on reviews from 49 critics, indicating "universal acclaim."[50]

Justin Chang of Variety praised the film, writing: "Steve Carell, Mark Ruffalo and Channing Tatum give superb performances in Bennett Miller's powerfully disturbing true-crime saga."[47] Eric Kohn of Indiewire also reacted positively, with most of his praise going towards Carell's and Tatum's performances.[48] Donald Clarke of The Irish Times praised Miller's direction, saying that "he [Miller] hits his stride with a stunning portrayal of psychopathy and moral decadence in the unlikely environment of Olympic wrestling."[51] Todd McCarthy of The Hollywood Reporter praised Carell's performance, calling it "career changing."[52]

Budd Wilkins of Slant Magazine gave the film a negative review, writing that it "offers us next to nothing of utility or complexity about du Pont's pathology."[53]

Mark Schultz's reaction to the movie has been varied due to the intensely personal subject matter. He supported the film in general throughout its creation and served as a consultant. At one point he became angry and criticized Bennett Miller after critics pointed out "homosexual undertones" in the portrayal of the relationship between Mark Schultz and du Pont. Schultz then demanded Miller address the issue "or I will."[54][55] Schultz said that "Foxcatcher‍ '​s scenes are mostly straight out of my book (except a few). But the relationships and personalities are complete fiction."[56][57] Several weeks after these statements, Schultz recanted criticisms of the movie, saying "Foxcatcher is a miracle. I'm sorry I said I hated it. I love it," and apologized to Miller.[58]

Top ten lists[edit]

Accolades[edit]

Award Recipients Result Ref(s)
87th Academy Awards
Best Director Bennett Miller Nominated [59]
Best Actor Steve Carell Nominated
Best Supporting Actor Mark Ruffalo Nominated
Best Original Screenplay E. Max Frye and Dan Futterman Nominated
Best Makeup and Hairstyling Bill Corso and Dennis Liddiard Nominated
4th AACTA International Awards Best Actor Steve Carell Nominated [60]
Best Supporting Actor Mark Ruffalo Nominated
2014 Art Directors Guild Awards Excellence in Production Design for a Contemporary Film Jess Gonchor Nominated [61]
2014 Cannes Film Festival Palme d'Or Bennett Miller Nominated [62]
Best Director Bennett Miller Won [63][64]
British Academy Film Awards Best Actor in a Supporting Role Mark Ruffalo Nominated [65]
Steve Carell Nominated
Casting Society of America Big Budget Drama Jeanne McCarthy, Rori Bergman, Donna M. Belajac Nominated [66]
Central Ohio Film Critics Association Best Supporting Actor Mark Ruffalo Runner-up (tie) [67][68]
Best Ensemble Runner-up (tie)
International Cinephile Society Awards Best Actor Channing Tatum Won [69]
18th Hollywood Film Awards Hollywood Ensemble Award Steve Carell, Mark Ruffalo, Channing Tatum, Vanessa Redgrave, Sienna Miller Won [70]
24th Gotham Independent Film Awards Gotham Jury Award Steve Carell, Mark Ruffalo, Channing Tatum, Vanessa Redgrave, Sienna Miller Won [71]
30th Independent Spirit Awards Special Distinction Award Bennett Miller, Anthony Bregman, Megan Ellison, Jon Kilik, E. Max Frye, Dan Futterman, Steve Carell, Mark Ruffalo, Channing Tatum Won [72]
Make-Up Artists and Hair Stylists Guild Awards Best Special Make-Up Effects in Feature Length Motion Picture Bill Corso and Dennis Liddiard Nominated [73]
MTV Movie Awards Best Male Performance Channing Tatum Nominated [74]
Best Shirtless Performance Channing Tatum Nominated
Best On-Screen Transformation Steve Carell Nominated
Producers Guild of America Awards Best Theatrical Motion Picture Megan Ellison, Jon Kilik, Bennett Miller Nominated [75]
San Francisco Film Critics Circle Award Best Supporting Actor Mark Ruffalo Nominated [76]
30th Santa Barbara International Film Festival Outstanding Performance of the Year Award Steve Carell Won [77]
19th Satellite Awards Best Actor – Motion Picture Steve Carell Nominated [78]
Best Supporting Actor – Motion Picture Mark Ruffalo Nominated
21st Screen Actors Guild Awards Outstanding Performance by a Male Actor in a Leading Role Steve Carell Nominated [79]
Outstanding Performance by a Male Actor in a Supporting Role Mark Ruffalo Nominated
72nd Golden Globe Awards Best Motion Picture – Drama Nominated [80]
Best Actor in a Motion Picture – Drama Steve Carell Nominated
Best Supporting Actor – Motion Picture Mark Ruffalo Nominated
Writers Guild of America Awards Best Original Screenplay E. Max Frye and Dan Futterman Nominated [81]
Awards Circuit Community Awards Best Motion Picture Nominated [82]
Best Actor in a Supporting Role Steve Carell Nominated [83]
Best Actor in a Supporting Role Mark Ruffalo Nominated [84]
Best Makeup and Hairstyling Runner-Up [85]

Real-life subsequent events[edit]

Following Dave Schultz's death, his widow, Nancy, and their two children moved to northern California, where they still reside.[86] In June 1997, Schultz was posthumously inducted into the U.S. National Wrestling Hall of Fame.[87] Mark Schultz stopped wrestling competitively after the 1988 Olympic games and now lives in Oregon where he coaches wrestling and works as a freelance "life coach" and "inspirational speaker."[88] In November 1999, John du Pont agreed in an out-of-court settlement of the civil suit filed against him by Nancy Schultz to pay Dave's three surviving heirs "at least $35 million," the largest amount resulting from a U.S. wrongful-death suit ever paid directly by one person.[89]

A year after the shooting, du Pont, who had entered a plea of not guilty by reason of insanity, went on trial at the Delaware County Courthouse in Media, Pennsylvania. After three weeks of testimony followed by seven days of deliberation by the six-man, six-woman jury to consider eight distinct possible verdicts, on February 25, 1997 du Pont was found guilty but mentally ill of murder in the third degree. He was subsequently sentenced by Common Pleas Judge Patricia Jenkins to 13 to 30 years in prison. According to then-Delaware County District Attorney (now MC R-PA7) Pat Meehan, du Pont was the richest American ever tried for murder in the United States.[90][91][92] After a period of further psychiatric treatment at the Norristown State Hospital, du Pont was eventually transferred first to Cresson State Correctional Institution near Altoona, Pennsylvania and later to Laurel Highlands State Prison in Somerset, where he died on December 9, 2010 at age 72. Both facilities were formerly state-run mental hospitals. At the time of his death from chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and emphysema, John du Pont had been incarcerated for murder for almost 15 years.[93]

Foxcatcher Farm was eventually sold and the 1.25-square-mile estate broken up for development. A 123-acre segment is now occupied by the campus of The Episcopal Academy, a private independent K–12 school founded in 1785, which moved there in 2008 from split campuses located in the nearby Philadelphia Main Line communities of Merion and Devon.[94] The 90-year-old du Pont mansion, Liseter Hall, in which du Pont was raised and had lived for 57 years, was demolished in January 2013.[95] The mansion stood on a 400-acre portion of the property that is now being developed by Toll Brothers into a "master planned community of 449 luxury homes" called "Liseter Estate."[96]

Notes & References[edit]

Plot discrepancies from real life events[edit]

  1. ^ The date seen in the film being written by the school clerk on the $20 check to pay Schultz for his speech is "March 14, 1987" which was almost a year after he had first been contacted by John du Pont in the early spring of 1986 and more than four months after he had already moved to Pennsylvania shortly after the 1986 World Wrestling Championships had been held in late October.[8] The film shows Mark and Dave working out against each other at a fictitious "Wexler University" where Dave is an assistant coach. At the time Mark was contacted by du Pont in 1986 Dave was actually an assistant coach at Stanford University where Mark had also been an assistant coach until he was fired in 1985.[9]
  2. ^ The first time Mark Schultz ever spoke to John du Pont in the spring of 1986 was not in person at the du Pont estate as shown in the film, but by telephone while Schultz was at his then home in Palo Alto, California. The purpose of du Pont's multiple calls to Schultz that spring and summer were to recruit him to take a job as an assistant coach at what would prove to be an ill-fated and short-lived wrestling program that du Pont was then establishing at nearby Villanova University, located on the Philadelphia Main Line some five miles from his estate, of which du Pont would be the titular "coach." Mark's first in-person meeting with du Pont did not take place until several months later when Chuck Yarnell, then the wrestling coach at the Haverford School and soon to be the head coach at Villanova, introduced him to du Pont at his hotel in Bloomington, Indiana, in late August 1986 while Mark was there competing in the 1986 World Wrestling US Team Trials. It was not until mid-September 1986 that Schultz actually first visited du Pont's sprawling 800-acre (1.25 sq mi) estate, originally called "Liseter Farm" but renamed "Foxcatcher Farm" by du Pont after the death of his mother in August 1988, which was located along North Newtown Street Road (Pennsylvania Route 252) beginning at Goshen Road in the Philadelphia western suburb of Newtown Square in Delaware County, Pennsylvania.[10] While the film depicts the 14,000-square-foot, $600,000 wrestling training facility called the "Foxcatcher National Training Center" that du Pont established on the estate as already existing when Mark first visited and then moved to Pennsylvania in 1986, it was not built and opened until three years later in mid-1989.[11][12] The wrestling facilities that du Pont showed Mark Schultz during his initial visit were those at Villanova's Butler Annex.[13]
  3. ^ While the film depicts Mark being installed in "the chalet" as its sole resident when he moved to Pennsylvania in late 1986, it was du Pont who lived there at the time. Instead, Mark originally lived several miles from the du Pont estate in a "one-bedroom apartment in a middle-class, blue-collar neighborhood three miles from the Villanova University campus" that he rented at his own expense for $800 a month and which he described as like "living in a cramped utility room." It was not until du Pont unceremoniously fired him from the Villanova program by telephone on Christmas Day 1987, while Mark was in Oregon on a recruiting trip, that he moved to the du Pont estate to live while training for the 1988 Olympics. (The University closed the wrestling program in spring 1987 less than two years after du Pont had established it.) At the estate Mark was provided a rent-free "very small bedroom" in one wing of the chalet from which he was "prepared to make a quick exit if necessary." He remained at Foxcatcher Farm until about two months after the Olympics in September, leaving in early December 1988 when he moved first to Colorado Springs, Colorado and then, after getting married later in 1989, to Provo, Utah.[14]
  4. ^ While Dave Schultz also joined du Pont's wrestling club after the 1986 World Championships as well, he did not leave his full-time job as an assistant coach at the University of Wisconsin-Madison (where he had moved on to from Stanford[15]) to move to Foxcatcher as an in-residence assistant coach until after du Pont had opened the new training center there in mid-1989. Mark and Dave Schultz thus never actually lived or trained at Foxcatcher at the same time as is implied in the movie.[16]
  5. ^ While the film shows du Pont leaving the 1988 Olympic Wrestling Trials being held in Pensacola, Florida from June 15 to 18 before they were over and in order to return to Pennsylvania because of the death at the du Pont mansion of his 91-year old mother, Jean Liseter du Pont, she did not actually die there until almost eight weeks later on August 9, 1988.[17]
  6. ^ The ongoing joint payment arrangement for Dave and Mark had actually been insisted upon and negotiated with du Pont by Mark Schultz in 1986, not by Dave when he arrived in Pennsylvania in 1989.[18]
  7. ^ While the film is silent on the issue, about six and a half years had passed between the time that Dave Schultz arrived at Foxcatcher in mid-1989 (and seven years since Mark Schultz left in December 1988) and when du Pont murdered Dave at about 2:45 pm on Friday, January 26, 1996.[19][20] John du Pont’s interest in wrestling had begun to wane in 1995 and that year he advised USA Wrestling that the $400,000 annual contributions he had been making to that organization since 1989 would cease in 1996. With that, Dave Schultz informed du Pont that he would be leaving Foxcatcher after the 1996 Olympics in Atlanta to accept a coaching position at Stanford University. At the time of Dave's death, Mark had been coaching wrestling at Brigham Young University in Provo, Utah, for more than six years.[21]
  8. ^ After shooting Dave three times with a .44 Magnum handgun, du Pont drove back to the mansion in his Lincoln Town Car, where he holed up alone and heavily armed in a windowless, steel-lined "vault" on the first floor that his mother had installed many years earlier as a bomb shelter and that du Pont used as his library and "snorting" room. Within hours of the murder, a force of some 75 police officers from ten local departments that included a 30-man SWAT team surrounded the mansion, beginning a 48-hour siege of the property. On Friday night, police shut down the mansion's central heating system, leading du Pont to leave it about 3 pm on Sunday afternoon to walk to the nearby garden greenhouse in order to restart the boilers that could be accessed from an underground service tunnel located there. (Du Pont did not attempt to do this through a tunnel accessible from inside the mansion, as implied in the film.) As du Pont exited the mansion, he was stopped and arrested by officers of the Newtown Township police, a department of which he had been a heavy financial supporter and badge-carrying volunteer member since the 1970s. Taken into custody without any shots being fired, du Pont was charged with first-degree murder and held without bail at Delaware County Prison.[22][23][24] While the film shows heavy snow cover at Dave Schultz's home and the du Pont estate when Schultz was murdered and du Pont was arrested two days later, there was only some very spotty remnants of snow on the ground at Foxcatcher on January 26-28, and the daily high temperatures in the Philadelphia area had been above freezing for the entire month of January 1996.[25]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Foxcatcher filed for a $6.07 million tax credit with Pennsylvania,[2] and Pennsylvania's film production incentive program awards a 25% tax credit.[2] ($6.07 x 4 = 24.28)

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ "FOXCATCHER (15)". British Board of Film Classification. October 10, 2014. Retrieved January 18, 2015. 
  2. ^ a b Schooley, Tim (24 August 2012). "TV pilot, film seek tax credits, plan to do filming in Pittsburgh". Pittsburgh Business Times. Retrieved 19 January 2015. 
  3. ^ a b "Foxcatcher (2014)". Box Office Mojo. IMDB. Retrieved March 16, 2015. 
  4. ^ "Foxcatcher (2014) - International Box Office Results - Box Office Mojo". boxofficemojo.com. 
  5. ^ "Golden Globe: ‘Birdman,’ ‘Boyhood’ and ‘Imitation Game’ Top Nominations". Variety. 11 December 2014. Retrieved 11 December 2014. 
  6. ^ Stephanie Merry (January 15, 2015). "2015 Oscar nominations: Complete list; ‘Selma’ snubbed; ‘Birdman’ and ‘The Grand Budapest Hotel’ lead with nine". The Washington Post. 
  7. ^ Guy Lodge (9 February 2015). "Oscars 2015: who will win best director?". The Guardian. 
  8. ^ Schultz, Mark; Thomas, David. "Foxcatcher: The True Story of My Brother's Murder, John du Pont's Madness, and the Quest for Olympic Gold." New York: Dutton, The Penguin Group US (2014), Chapter 11 ("Just Coach") p. 165; Chapter 12 ("A Man and His Program in Disarray"), p. 177|
  9. ^ Schultz, M. & Thomas, D. "Foxcatcher" Chapter 10 ("Erasing the Asterisk"), p. 154.
  10. ^ Schultz, M. & Thomas, D. "Foxcatcher" Chapter 11, pp. 166-170.
  11. ^ Hanson, Rich and Vigoda, Ralph "At Foxcatcher, Perks Were The Lure Many Wrestlers Put Up With Du Pont's Oddities In Exchange For Jet Trips And Full-time Training." The Philadelphia Inquirer. January 29, 1996
  12. ^ Panaccio, Tim "John du Pont builds top amateur wrestling club in United States" Knight-Ridder News Service, July 28, 1991
  13. ^ Schultz, M. & Thomas, D. "Foxcatcher" Chapter 11, p. 172.
  14. ^ Schultz, M. & Thomas, D. "Foxcatcher" Chapter 12 ("A Man and His Program in Disarray"), p. 177; Chapter 13 ("At All Costs"), p. 206; Chapter 14 ("Protest at the Olympics") pp. 212-13; 218; Chapter 15 ("A New Home, a New Life"), pp. 232; 239
  15. ^ Schultz, M. & Thomas, D. "Foxcatcher," Chapter 11, p. 173
  16. ^ Schultz, M. & Thomas, D. "Foxcatcher," Chapter 12, p. 190; Chapter 15, p. 237
  17. ^ St. George, Donna "Jean Liseter Austin Du Pont, 91, Leading Breeder Of Welsh Ponies". Philadelphia Inquirer, August 12, 1988
  18. ^ Schultz, M. & Thomas, D. "Foxcatcher" Chapter 12, p. 190
  19. ^ Schultz, M. & Thomas, D. "Foxcatcher" Chapter 15 ("A New Home, a New Life"), pp. 232-233; 237
  20. ^ Longman, Jere "DESPERATE STAND IN A DREAM WORLD: Fantasy Ends as an Heir Tied to Killing Holds Off Police. Police at Bay in Desperate Stand in Heir's Dream World" The New York Times January 28, 1996, p. 1
  21. ^ Schultz, M. & Thomas, D. "Foxcatcher" Chapter 14 ("Protest at the Olympics") p. 215; Chapter 16 ("Trouble at Foxcatcher"), pp. 259-260
  22. ^ Longman, Jere "Stepping Out of a Frigid House, Du Pont Heir Is Seized by Police: 48-Hour Standoff Is Ended With No Shots Fired," The New York Times, January 29, 1996, p.A1
  23. ^ Schultz, M. & Thomas, D. "Foxcatcher," Chapter 17 ("Why"), pp 263-273
  24. ^ "Dave Schultz murder by John du Pont news breaks Jan 26-29 1996 Foxcatcher story" KDRV-TV; CNN; CBS News
  25. ^ Weather History for Philadelphia, PA January, 1996 wunderground.com
  26. ^ Borys Kit. "Cannes: 'Foxcatcher's' Bizarre Origin Story". The Hollywood Reporter. 
  27. ^ Sneider, Jeff (September 30, 2011). "Megan Ellison to finance 'Foxcatcher'". Variety. Retrieved October 20, 2012. 
  28. ^ Feinberg, Scott (August 15, 2013). "'Foxcatcher' Jumps to Sony Pictures Classics; Release Date Set". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved August 16, 2013. 
  29. ^ a b Serafini, Kristina (October 17, 2012). "Film crews back in Sewickley area". Tribune-Review. Archived from the original on December 17, 2012. Retrieved October 18, 2012. 
  30. ^ Owens, Crystal (October 15, 2012). "UPDATE: Movie magic at Morven Park?". Loudoun Times-Mirror. Retrieved October 31, 2012. 
  31. ^ "Another Big-Budget Movie Begins Filming Locally". CBS Pittsburgh. October 15, 2012. Retrieved October 18, 2012. 
  32. ^ Brehun, Deborah A. (October 31, 2012). "Rector selected as locale for ‘Foxcatcher’ movie". Tribune-Review. Retrieved November 2, 2012. 
  33. ^ "McKeesport aflutter over Channing Tatum". WTAE. October 31, 2012. Retrieved October 31, 2012. 
  34. ^ Sinichak, Jessica (November 15, 2012). "Nearby: Channing Tatum Filming ‘Foxcatcher’ in Butler County". Patch Media. Retrieved November 15, 2012. 
  35. ^ Niederberger, Mary (August 23, 2012). "West Mifflin school may host movie crew again". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Retrieved November 12, 2012. 
  36. ^ "Filming to close Washington street". Observer–Reporter. December 7, 2012. Retrieved December 9, 2012. 
  37. ^ Jones, Rachel (January 25, 2013). "You Give Me Fever: Channing Tatum". WHIRL Magazine. Retrieved April 13, 2013. 
  38. ^ "Pittsburgh extras needed for 'Foxcatcher' movie". WTAE. December 11, 2012. Retrieved December 11, 2012. 
  39. ^ "Convocation Center to be Closed for Filming". California University of Pennsylvania. November 28, 2012. Retrieved December 5, 2012. 
  40. ^ Sneider, Jeff (October 10, 2012). "Hall joins Carell in 'Foxcatcher'". Variety. Retrieved October 18, 2012. 
  41. ^ "Sony Pictures Classics Moves Foxcatcher Back to 2014". comingsoon.net. CraveOnline. September 26, 2013. Retrieved September 26, 2013. 
  42. ^ Chang, Justin (April 17, 2014). "Cannes Unveils 2014 Official Selection Lineup". Variety. Retrieved April 17, 2014. 
  43. ^ "Awards 2014 : Competition". Cannes. Retrieved October 28, 2014. 
  44. ^ Pond, Steve (September 8, 2014). "‘Foxcatcher’ Triumphs at Yet Another Film Festival". TheWrap. Retrieved October 28, 2014. 
  45. ^ Rich, Katey (October 10, 2014). "Foxcatcher’s Director Explains Why It’s Actually a Funny Story". Vanity Fair. Retrieved October 28, 2014. 
  46. ^ "Foxcatcher". Sony Pictures Classics. Retrieved November 15, 2014. 
  47. ^ a b Chang, Justin (May 19, 2014). "Cannes Film Review: 'Foxcatcher'". Variety. Retrieved 11 June 2014. 
  48. ^ a b Kohn, Eric (May 19, 2014). "Cannes Review: Channing Tatum Anchors Bennett Miller's Icy 'Foxcatcher,' But the Revelation is Steve Carell". IndieWire. Retrieved June 11, 2014. 
  49. ^ "Foxcatcher". Rotten Tomatoes. November 14, 2014. 
  50. ^ "Foxcatcher". Metacritic. 
  51. ^ Clarke, Donald (May 19, 2014). "Review: Foxcatcher". The Irish Times. Retrieved 11 June 2014.  (subscription required)
  52. ^ McCarthy, Todd (2014-05-19). "'Foxcatcher': Cannes Review". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved 11 June 2014. 
  53. ^ Wilkins, Budd (2014-05-19). "Cannes Film Festival 2014: Foxcatcher Review". Retrieved 11 June 2014. 
  54. ^ Ben Child (2 January 2015). "Mark Schultz attacks 'gay relationship' in wrestling biopic Foxcatcher". The Guardian. 
  55. ^ "Foxcatcher review: Carell makes a passive aggressive Nero of John Du Pont". Irish Times. Archived from the original on January 9, 2015. 
  56. ^ "Mark Schultz on Twitter". Twitter. 
  57. ^ "'Foxcatcher' Movie Slammed By Wrestler Mark Schultz". Business Insider. January 2, 2015. 
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