Foxton, Cambridgeshire

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Foxton
Foxton Cambs church.JPG
Parish church of St Laurence
Foxton is located in Cambridgeshire
Foxton
Foxton
Foxton shown within Cambridgeshire
Population 1,161 [1]
1,260. (2011 Census)
OS grid reference TL4094048342
Shire county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Cambridge
Postcode district CB22
Dialling code 01223
EU Parliament East of England
List of places
UK
England
Cambridgeshire
52°06′54″N 0°03′31″E / 52.115°N 0.0586°E / 52.115; 0.0586Coordinates: 52°06′54″N 0°03′31″E / 52.115°N 0.0586°E / 52.115; 0.0586

Foxton is a small village in South Cambridgeshire, England. It has a number of well-preserved fifteenth- and sixteenth-century houses, and a thirteenth-century church dedicated to St Laurence.

History[edit]

The parish has been occupied for at least 2000 years; in the first century A.D. a Belgic settlement appeared, closely followed by a Romano-British farmstead near Hoffer bridge. A pagan English cemetery has also been found just north of the railway station.[2]

The parish itself was formed over the medieval period and is bounded on the north by the River Cam and on the north-east and southwest by the Hoffer and Shepreth brooks. Its south-east boundary follows an ancient road that runs north-east from Fowlmere, known as the Mareway from the 14th century (now the B1368), and further west by an earthwork known as Grim's ditch or Thriplow bank.[2]

Known as Foxetune at the time of the Domesday Book, the village's name means "farmstead where foxes are seen".[3]

The theologian William Selwyn lived in Foxton House in the village in the 19th century.[2]

Church[edit]

There has been a church in Foxton since the 12th century, and it has been dedicated to St Laurence since at least 1225. The present building, consisting of a west tower, porch, and chancel with aisled and clerestoried nave was probably begun in the 13th century and extended over the following 200 years.[2]

Demographics[edit]

Foxton's population is currently 1,260(1,161 in 2001 census) split approximately 80:20 adults to children and occupying about 480 houses.[1]

Village life[edit]

Foxton has a mainline rail station (opened 1851) to London and is on the main bus route to Cambridge and Royston.

The village has one remaining public house, The White Horse, that has been open since at least 1841, though it was rebuilt after a fire in 1880. Former drinking establishments included The Blackamoor's Head (later renamed The Black Boy) and The Railway Inn, which opened in around 1780 and 1860 respectively, but had both closed by the 1960s.[2]

Foxton is also home to a village shop and post office, primary school, learning centre, educational trust (Villiers Park) and is home to The Burlington Press. The village has a recreation ground with children's playground, tennis courts, bowling green, football pitch and cricket pitches, and there is a modern village hall with meeting rooms and sports pavilion.

The village has a conservation area Foxton Dovecot and Meadow "established" in 2006.[4]

Foxton also has a teenage football club called Dynamo Foxton Football club established by Marcus Kohler and co. when the club departed from their former club (whittlesford).

Literature[edit]

Foxton is known for being the subject of Rowland Parker's 1975 classic of local history The Common Stream. In it Parker charts 2000 years of history of the village, from the Celts through the Romans to the Saxons and the modern era.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b 2001 Census
  2. ^ a b c d e A History of the County of Cambridge and the Isle of Ely. 8. Victoria County History. 1982. pp. 165–177. 
  3. ^ A. D. Mills (2003). "A Dictionary of British Place-Names". 
  4. ^ Friends of the Dovecot Meadow (2006) Foxton Dovecot and Meadow. Foxton, United Kingdom: Friends of the Dovecot Meadow, 16pp.
  5. ^ The Common Stream

External links[edit]