Foyers

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Foyers
River Foyers - geograph.org.uk - 170547.jpg
River Foyers. Looking upstream on the river Foyers
Foyers is located in Inverness area
Foyers
Foyers
Location within the Inverness area
Population276 
OS grid referenceNH496209
Council area
Lieutenancy area
  • Inverness
CountryScotland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townINVERNESS
PoliceScotland
FireScottish
AmbulanceScottish
UK Parliament
Scottish Parliament
List of places
UK
Scotland
57°15′14″N 4°29′41″W / 57.2539°N 4.4947°W / 57.2539; -4.4947Coordinates: 57°15′14″N 4°29′41″W / 57.2539°N 4.4947°W / 57.2539; -4.4947

Foyers (Scottish Gaelic: Foithir, meaning "shelving slope")[1] is a village in the Highland council area of Scotland,[2] lying on the east shore of Loch Ness. The village is situated on the B852, part of the Military Road built by General George Wade, 10 miles (16 km) northeast of Fort Augustus.

Foyers is also the name of the river which runs nearby into the Loch, which has two waterfalls, one of 27 metres (89 ft) and the other 9 metres (30 ft), known as the Falls of Foyers.

Since the late 19th century, water courses near Foyers have been harnessed to provide hydroelectricity. British Aluminium Company built their first hydro-powered aluminium smelter at Foyers in 1896 - the first in the UK - and it operated until 1967, powered by water captured in Loch Mhòr. The power station element of the plant was then purchased by Scotland's Hydro Board and redeveloped as a pumped storage facility using a 5MW turbine. Subsequently, a new power station, with additional capacity of 300MW, was added, becoming fully operational in 1975.[3]

Foyers is the location of Boleskine House, two miles east of the main town, which was the home of author and occultist Aleister Crowley. The house was once owned by guitarist and Crowley collector Jimmy Page.

Foyers was historically a strong Gaelic-speaking area, with 84.1% reporting as Gaelic-speaking in the 1881 census.[4] However, only 4.9% of residents reported as Gaelic-speaking in the 2011 census.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Gaelic Place-Names of Scotland database". Ainmean-Àite na h-Alba. Retrieved 24 March 2016. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  2. ^ "Foyers". The Gazetteer for Scotland. School of GeoSciences, University of Edinburgh and The Royal Scottish Geographical Society. Retrieved 19 June 2018. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  3. ^ Foyers Hydro-Electric Power Scheme, Gazetteer for Scotland. Retrieved: 13 November 2015.
  4. ^ Duwe, Kurt K. (2012). Gàidhlig (Scottish Gaelic) Local Studies Vol. 23: Inbhir Nis & Taobh Loch Nis (PDF). p. 10.
  5. ^ Output areas S00117730 and S00117729. 2011 Scottish Census.